Find on the days of the Lake Bor-Lazava opened the mystery of the death of a tank column, built at the expense of young Muscovites.
The Museum of armored vehicles (Kubinka) appeared unusual exhibit — a tank, which is written in Armor "Moscow pioneer." The fact that this title had an entire tank column, without any traces disappeared in the thick of stateliness Russian war. Until now, none have been found of the 1st tank of the unit and no archival evidence, indicating the fate of the "pioneer" of machines.
In April 1942 students of Moscow and the Moscow region, raised funds for the construction of the tank "Tanya" in honor of the heroes of the Russian Union of Zoe Kosmodemyanskoy. Kids and their ancestors gave the last. By September 1942 on
bill received more than 300 thousand rubles, which formed the base of the collection of funds for the entire tank column "Moscow pioneer" in the summer of 43rd veterans passed.
In the municipal archives of Russian social and political history is stored reference CIM Young Communist League of the Pioneers for the war effort from September 1, 1943. Here's an excerpt from it: "Pioneers of Moscow and the Moscow region since the early days of the war proved to Russian real patriots of the motherland, worthy of the love and care that surround them Bolshevik Party, the government, the Russian people. Since the beginning of the war, they are taking pro-active role in all military and economic life of the capital and the region. In the difficult days when Moscow threatened to concrete risk, together with older young Muscovites and residents of suburbs took to the construction of fortifications. More than 20 thousand students participated in the construction of defensive lines. 28 thousand students went to work in factories and mills, replacing workers who had gone to the front. In the spring of 1942 in Moscow was created 375 children's production workshops involving over 17 thousand students. By year-end shops have released products worth about 40 million rubles. In workshops guys make defense orders and produce items of consumer goods for the population of Moscow. Intensively involved Pioneers of Moscow and the Moscow region in the collection of funds for the Red Army. 1015 rubles. Earned on Sunday work, in workshops, and their personal savings passed guys to replenish armaments of the Red Army. The money raised by the pioneers of Moscow and the Moscow region, built a tank column "Moscow pioneer."
Tank column "Moscow pioneer"
More carefully about it told "Pioneer Truth" in 1943. It all started well. In March 1942, in Moscow and the Moscow region on the initiative Pioneers Leninsky district of Moscow movement for raising funds for the construction of the tank "Tanya." April 10, 1942 a meeting of the Bureau of the MC and the CIM Young Communist League, which endorsed the initiative, the obligations of the guys Podryadnikovskoy junior high school Yegoryevsky area and the Pioneer squads Timiryazevsky district of Moscow to earn 5 and 6 thousand rubles and bring them to the construction of the tank "Tanya "in honor of Hero of the Russian Union of Zoe Kosmodemyanskoy that a reconnaissance team was the alias" Tania. "
By the end of September 1942 at the expense of the tank "Tanya" Pioneers of Moscow and the Moscow region have listed more than 300 thousand rubles. Pioneers of Novosibirsk added another 133 thousand rubles. This was the beginning of the collection for a tank column "Moscow pioneer." It was soon collected 5,000,000 rubles. In autumn 1942 the pioneers of Moscow and the Moscow region handed over to the Red Army tank column "Moscow Pioneer" (18 cars). "
Details of how and where waged war "pioneer" tanks, I could not find any reports from the front or in the archival documents. But some results gave telephone calls search organizations suburbs and adjoining areas. Fortune smiled in Pskov.
In the Pskov region more than 10 years of military-patriotic search association "Next" Panther ". It is so named due to the fact that here, in the area Lofty Onions and Novosokolniki in 1942 — 1943 was held a powerful line of defense fascists "Panther." Fighting in these areas lasted almost three years: rather say that Lofty Luke were released January 17, 1943, and located 30 kilometers from the city of Novosokolniki — January 29, 1944. In local marshy lakes many fell through the ice and sunken Russian tanks. Several military vehicles Pskov rangers have brought to the surface. Among them, the T-34, on the armor of which the inscription "Moscow pioneer. "
Back in 1999, the days of the Lake Bor-Lazava Velikye in the area was found five tanks that have gone into the mud at 5 — 6 meters.
— Local residents remember — told the last manager search combining "Next" Panther "and is now editor of the magazine of the same name Nikolai Gorbachev — that at the end of December 42 th or first of January 43rd then fell through the ice a tank platoon. Apparently, they walked from the station Cunha, where disembarked from tier to Stupino height — there thundered fierce fighting. Local residents as outline the details of the unfolding disaster. Platoon in stride jumped on the ice of the lake. When the first tank headed for shore return, others began to leave the ice. To help out at least one car, a "steel horse" and he gave the rollback failed. Managed to save only the platoon commander — quite a young lieutenant. They say he did not go long with slides, hanging over the lake, weeping. In the village of Lieutenant Tipo spent day or two, and later followed him came from SMERSH and shot. And what is his fault? Lake likely was not indicated on the map.
When the "Thirty" raised on the armor was still possible to read the inscription "Moscow pioneer." On the driver's were the remains of 1 person. Apparently, the other members of the crew were able to get out of the tank, but here are recessed. No documents were found in the car. Only the number stamped on the armor searchers found that tank made in 1942 in Nizhny Tagil.
Where other "pioneer" tanks?
In Nizhny Tagil in the Urals during the war worked tank Plant number 183, which is an amalgamation of evacuated here Kharkov plant and local Uralvagonzavod. Total for the war 183rd made 35 thousand tanks. In 1942 — more than 10 thousand. Documented to follow the fate of each is virtually impossible. But purely logically can be fully definitely set the initial path of "pioneer" of machines.
In autumn 1942, Stalin signed a decree on urgent formation of the 1st Guards Mechanized Corps in Atkarsk — Tatischevo and 2nd Guards Mechanized Corps in Morshansk. They occurred retrofitted with new Tagil tanks. The trains go through Moscow. 18 tanks, as we have seen, were built on the pioneering funds. In autumn 1942 the pioneers solemnly hand
ed them over to the tanks, as evidenced by the photograph posted at the same time in "Pravda", and later — in the Big Russian Encyclopedia. But the question is, which of the mechanized corps were tanks with the words "Moscow pioneer"?
From the memoirs of Marshal of the Russian Union of Andrei Eremenko: "For the development of the coming of the main sector commander decided to introduce a breakthrough in the 18th Mechanized Brigade of the 2nd Mechanized Corps. She had on the night of November 28 focus 15 km south-west of the Bow and bring stateliness reinforced vanguard to capture Novosokolniki.
Mechanized brigade to fight out in the designated area, but to the railway node Novosokolniki she managed to get only 16 hours on November 29. Several of her tanks penetrated even to the outskirts, but were burned by the fire of anti-tank guns. Having spent almost all their ammunition, the team had to go on the defensive in the south-eastern outskirts of the city. "
Since the tank with the inscription "Moscow pioneer" searchers group "Next" Panther "raised from the lake, located just in the zone of operations of the 2nd Mechanized Corps, it is fair to imagine that it is in this connection has been focused" pioneer "tank column. But then — some hypotheses and questions.
One can imagine that all shipwrecks in Lake Bor-Lazava tanks belong to division "Moscow pioneer." This is indirectly confirmed by the fact that this lake after the war in the middle of the local inhabitants became known as Pioneer, although there is no apparent reason for the renaming was not. Maybe those days the villagers knew exactly which tanks then fell through the ice?
But even if we accept this version, it is still the question remains: where are the other tanks "pioneer" of the column? It immediately comes to mind testimony Marshal Eremenko about a group of tanks, forced their way into Novosokolniki and burned by the Nazis. Maybe it's the remnants of units "Moscow pioneer"? One can not exclude other versions.
While there is some clarity with just one tank of "pioneer" of the column — the one that raised the Pskov search engines.
— "Moscow pioneer" is now in our Cuban exposure — told the officer of the Military Historical Museum of armored vehicles Andrei Ivochkin. — And the remains of the driver buried in the memorial museum area near the chapel.
Unfortunately, so far failed to find any name of that tanker, nor the fate of the other tanks pioneering series. After all, the title of "Moscow pioneer" was marked only by the armor, and the forms in the tank did not appear because the archive search is slow and difficult.
Maybe some of our readers have any information on the tank column "Moscow pioneer" and has help new address lookup?