As the well-known insurance agency Munich Re, took place in 2012, natural disasters, along with the recent nightmare for the U.S. in the form of Hurricane Sandy cost the planet at $ 160 billion with the payment for the insurance of $ 65 billion
About 67% of the total cash losses and 90% of payments for insurance fell to the United States. It is not difficult to guess that this superiority in the one country has turned the hurricane Sandy, tormented the east coast of North America. Losses from Hurricane totaled $ 25 billion for the U.S. not forget about the summer drought and numerous tornadoes, was chosen expanses of American States in 2012.
Happy one, that in the whole world financial losses were much less than in 2011, remembered for its earthquakes in Japan and New Zealand, as well as severe flooding in Thailand. 2011 global budget cut by $ 400 billion, the payment for the insurance of $ 119 billion
If we talk about the number of victims of the natural disaster, then in 2012 put the number at about 9,500 people. In 2011, unfortunately, killed many more people (27 200). The average for the last decade — 106,000 killed due to natural disasters. Experts explain a wide gap between the statistics that in 2012, natural disasters have occurred mainly in well-developed countries with a stronger warning system and improved tools to combat the various non-standard situations.
Chapter dealing with issues of geohazards research group Munich Re confident that in the future the most common types of natural disasters are hurricanes and droughts, similar to what the U.S. has in the past year. Continuously rising sea level caused by global warming will increase the risk of high-altitude coastal waves. Already have to consider all these predictions and to work hard to strengthen the preventive methods, particularly in areas where disasters have already managed to do a lot of damage.