How to create a Kalashnikov

Having read the news about the failure of the plant "Izhmash", I decided with my own eyes to behold, as he lives and breathes what is now a famous manufacturer of "Kalash". Picked up an old ties and eventually headed for an invitation to a private company. Finally fulfilled my boyhood dream — I was allowed to take pictures of the shop, work and, of course, the very tool. And while all around writing about bankruptcy and the inevitable death of the plant, I suddenly realized it is clear that the "Izhmash" very much alive — he worked for two centuries and as many more will stand. I tried to convey that feeling in his own modest photo essay. So, my day started in Izhevsk, as I got off the train.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Many Muscovites are used to thinking that reigns in the regions of continuous decline. I have long been in Udmurtia and totally did not expect there to behold the new St. Michael's Cathedral.

How to produce Kalashnikov

The old building in 1937 realized the sad fate of the Temple of Christ the Savior in Moscow — it was destroyed. But in 2004 at the same place more laid one Cathedral and built it for only three years.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Obviously, I could not visit the monument of military and labor glory, the heroism of the inhabitants of Udmurtia Russian majestically in the years of the war. The monument is located on the area of 50 October.

How to produce Kalashnikov

But still the main purpose of my visit — to get acquainted with the industry Izhevsk, namely, with the defense giant "Izhmash", whose products I adore priuchivali in the army stronger than his virgin.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Back in 1941, the manufacturing center of small guns positioned on the eastern edge of Izhevsk, on the ground area of 96 acres — for understanding, it is twice the Vatican, well, half of the euro or the Principality of Monaco. Power of "Izhmash" stretch to the horizon.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Perhaps some will be surprised to learn that "Kalashnikovs" assembled by hand. On the one hand, skeptics simply complain to the shortage of automation. But this did not prevent "Izhmash" for the last 60 years to produce 50 million machines.

How to produce Kalashnikov

It just seems that the work flows slowly. In the best years of the "Izhmash" issued on 95 machines per hour. With these very hands!

How to produce Kalashnikov

The trunk is connected to the fore. An employee in a blue jumpsuit told me that although the implementation of this simple act has special tools, he occasionally manages ordinary hammer. But this can only allow themselves to the true guru who has any hand will not tremble.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Details are processed. Now plant is testing two types of nano — one of them predutverzhdaet corrosion second reduces friction in the moving mechanism to make it easier to recharge. All this with the knowledge of the matter told me strict lady.

How to produce Kalashnikov

A worker collects receiver box and inserts the bolt carrier — the first time it requires manual adjustment. Pay attention, that is before us is totally a youth. Legends of the aging workforce and the subsequent dispels photos.

How to produce Kalashnikov

This pretty woman is spinning all the cogs when the mechanism is adjusted manually spices. In the design center "Izhmash" currently has 15 students.

How to produce Kalashnikov

By subject, is quite similar to the gun, attached to the finishing steps stock — with a light hand safe "hostess", which is easier to imagine on a dairy farm, if the assembly area of the plant defense.

How to produce Kalashnikov

You can not say that the plant is not no automation in general. Even Vitali Klitschko if he could not tighten all the bolt as firmly as this flegmantichnaya machine.

How to produce Kalashnikov

And tool in the hands of a skilled worker. It has survived not only the secretary general of the 1st and 3-presidents, and several directors of the plant. The past — Vladimir Grodetsky, which he worked until 2010 — speaks disapprovingly. States that the main devastation came specifically to it: the plant has lost many sites, and the wages were not paid for months.

How to produce Kalashnikov

His words were confirmed by the controller assembly properties. According to her, in the last 18 months, the situation in the "Izhmash" has begun to improve. Now the average salary — 16 thousand rubles. When Grodetsky she was at a subsistence level — 5-6 thousand rubles. And even such small funds had to wait for months.

How to produce Kalashnikov

This employee — a bit of finishing the inspection. From its presentation depends on whether the instrument will leave the shop or go to completion. Colleagues await the verdict with bated breath.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Neither do I.

How to produce Kalashnikov

But this pleasant young man, surprisingly, is a great boss. Alexander 21 year and he is a senior master. As explained to me, the key to rapid career — it's higher education. Sasha is trained in Izhevsk Municipal Technical Institute. While not determine — stay here or go after studying in Germany, it was too like their own town.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Last shtrishki applied — trunks are polished to a shine. Now "Izhmash" can demonstrate the product face. Export contracts have always helped the company to stay afloat even in the most languid years — the production of the plant is supplied in 27 countries around the world. At the moment, a large consignment of AK can purchase the Indians. But they wish the machines have interchangeable barrels and fired cartridges of various calibers. "Izhmash" ready to fulfill these requirements.

How to produce Kalashnikov

I suggest a game: let us count the number of trunks in a cart.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Managing "Izhmash" Maxim Kuzyuk struck me is the fact that it is permissible to freely enter his office and take pictures of the work. I broke down and asked if it was true that the company may close. Kuzyuk said the figures: after the "Izhmash" ran under the wing of the state corporation "Russian Technologies", revenue increased by 40% compared with the 2010th, wages rose by 21%, and some designers receive prizes 50% of salary. Is it like a dying plant? In my opinion he was even a little offended.

How to produce Kalashnikov

According to this young worker also did not say that it is working on a depressed industry. It has been engraved on the weapon, in other words, is responsible for the aesthetic component production. To wage war or to hunt, too, need a soul.

How to produce Kalashnikov

I asked then-nibudt leave a memory, and a student for 10 minutes on a piece of iron engraved names of months.

How to produce Kalashnikov

But what Professor heights she ever reach, if it is a lot of practice and study.

How to produce Kalashnikov

At the gun, "Saiga-12" sank even Americans — not so long ago they bought their own party to arm police officers. In 2011, sales of sporting and hunting guns "Izhmash" earned in the United States about 15 million dollars.

How to produce Kalashnikov

Before you sell an instrument, it must be tested. My age Alexander great authority in this area. It can be said that checks Kalashnikovs dog ate it — for long years did not miss the 1st defective standard.

How to produce Kalashnikov

"Kalash" the fire is not burning and water do not zarzhavevaet. At first I. thoroughly wets automatic under artificial rain …

How to produce Kalashnikov

Later freezes in the criteria, and that the enemy would not wish …

How to produce Kalashnikov

And heated in an oven …

How to produce Kalashnikov

But this does not end the torment AK — in the end he will have from 3 to 5 times with a sweep shmyaknut on a concrete slab.

How to produce Kalashnikov

And after all this gun shoots as if nothing had happened the same! If 2012 happens all the same end of the world, and after a couple of centuries our descendants dig up in Izhevsk Kalashnikov, they need to be careful — because he is still in working order.

How to produce Kalashnikov

In general, conducted by the factory day or I got a lot of pleasure. On the "Izhmash" I met a lot of people smiling, despite the fact that I'm not the president and not the minister — for me one of Potemkin villages do not line up.

How to produce Kalashnikov

When I went through the checkpoint on the freshest air, I saw all the same industrial landscape, but in the evening light. It was time to vorachivatsya home — to share the truth about the "Izhmash".

How to produce Kalashnikov

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