British anthropologists from the University of Bradford were able to recover the rituals associated with child sacrifice before the Inca Indians first appearance of Europeans. With modern analytical techniques, they found that children fed a special way in the year prior to their death.
Study were subjected to hair four mummies found in the highlands of the Andes. According to the changes in the chemical composition of hair, for a long time the children who at the time of death was between 6 and 15 years old, ate mostly vegetables, which is typical for the peasants. About a year before the death of their diet has changed dramatically: the usual product Add corn and meat, that is, foods that are typical of the Inca elite. Obviously, this is shown to increase the status of children.
For three or four months before the death of the children went on a long journey. Apparently, in the way they went out of the Inca capital of Cuzco. Before the start of the "pilgrimage" they shave hair. According to researchers, the victims in the end resulted in a certain way the sanctuary in the mountains, where she had a drug and left to die at the top. Of the four children, whose remains scientists studied, only one died violently just — from a blow to the head.
All four studied mummies were discovered in 1995 and 1999, American archaeologist and anthropologist Johan Reinhard. The most famous of the four — "Juanita" and "Ice Maiden of Ampat", a well-preserved body of a teenage girl. All the remains date from the XV century.
The fact that the Inca practiced human sacrifice, show different images of naked victims with his hands tied behind his back, and shapes with a knife in one hand and a severed head in the other. Most often sacrificed to prisoners captured in wars and raids. But trusted messengers to the gods, ancestors could have become specially selected, beautiful children — deprived of physical defects and have not reached sexual maturity. It is these mummies were found in the Andes.
These sacrifices, called "ascent into heaven permafrost" were empire-wide significance and released at the December solstice.
In general, children in some sacrificial rituals sometimes played an even greater role than adults. And not just in America.
Thus, since the beginning of time in almost all nations of the world there was a belief in the essence of which is that the religious building, a fortress or bridge needed — for the strength of the foundation — a human sacrifice, preferably a child. This custom, bloody in nature, for centuries strictly observed both in Europe and in Asia, Africa, and Japan.
History has preserved for us this fact. In the Middle Ages one of the walls of Copenhagen due to natural disasters permanently destroyed. No repair work did not help, and then the city fathers decided to use an old folk remedy — immured in the wall innocent child. The mayor of the city immediately ordered the guards to find in the little tramp artisans quarter, and at dawn the next day sacrifice was: five year old boy was buried alive in a stone vault.
Kaya Borneo used to human sacrifices, when some very important chief resettle newly rebuilt house. E. Taylor, in his study of "Primitive Culture" gives the case when in relatively recent times, about 1847, for this purpose was purchased Malay slave girl. Girls were sprinkled with blood pillars and foundation of the house, and the corpse thrown into the river.
Over time, people began to replace horses, cows and other animals. In Russia, even in the early twentieth century with the construction of the mill in its foundations necessarily put a black rooster, chicken or pig. This "dues" allegedly warned the new building of the violence of nature and the impure forces.
Category: Mystery stories