Kazak Vladimir Orlov-Denisov — Russian hero of the war of 1812

Do not remain aloof from the struggle against the French invaders in 1812 and the glorious Russian Cossacks. In the pages of Russian combat of the war in 1812 forever inscribed the name of the brave Don Cossack, Vladimir Orlov-Denisov.

Vasily was born in 1775 in the family chieftain, Cossack Cavalry General Vasily Petrovich Orlov, was a large landowner Don. Mother Vasily — Daria Fyodorovna, nee Countess Denisov, the daughter of a cavalry general and the first Earl of the estate of Don Cossacks Fedor Petrovich Denisov (specifically from the 26-year-old grandfather Vasily will receive the title of count and generic prefix Denisov to the principal name).
Service to the state 12-year-old Eagles began in the ranks of the Don Cossacks. Already in 1788 he was promoted to the rank of centurion (and that in 13 years), and during the 2-years has been serving in the Black Sea, in the border Cossack detachment guarding the empire from the Turkish troops. Later he was transferred to the service in St. Petersburg, where in 1791 received the title of Captain Orlov, and soon troop sergeant.

In the capital, Vasily Orlov spun enough in the highest secular circles, met with the amazing Russian poet XVIII century — VG Derzhavins, which has promoted fairly clever young man to determine actual values and do recommend Orlov in a private school, which he did.

Kazak Vladimir Orlov-Denisov - the hero of the War of 1812

Basil was given a doctrine, but had to end the occupation because of the outbreak of war with Poland in 1794. It Orlov took part in the 1 st of boundary cordons that were formed out of the Cossack regiment Krasnov. So, over the next 7 years Orlov had to carry bivouac Cossack life.

In 1798 Vasily Orlov is the rank of lieutenant colonel, for the following year — Colonel, and in 1801, together with the regiment vorachivaetsya the Don, where he received the title of count from his grandfather.

!806 year brought to life Orlov-Denisov's a huge change: it is transferred to the rank of a senior officer of the Life-Guards Cossack Regiment in St. Petersburg. And it was a significant increase in military and social status as well as the Life Cossacks guarding the incumbent Russian Alexander I.
At the subsequent year Orlov-Denisov in the Cossack regiment accompanied Alexander to the war with Napoleon. His first fight in this campaign count begins with fights against Ney, and in a hot battle with Gutshtate May 28, 1807 reflects an attack by Napoleon beloved horse GVARDEYSKAYA pravitelskogo-Jager Regiment. The following battles Orlov-Denisov stood on the protection of Russian batteries, and later, during the retreat of General Bennigsen to the town of Freeland, dashing Count Orlov defended the crossing of the river Alle. For his role in these battles, Orlov-Denisov awarded the Order of St. ZHoru 4th degree, and at the conclusion of peace treaty at Tilsit he bestowed the rank of Major General.

Finnish campaign Orlov-Denisov Meets now as commander of the Life-Guards Cossack Regiment, and the 1st is his feat — taking the town of Borgo. Later Vasily along with his squad captures Finnish Helsingforce failing to take as war trophies Swedish 19 guns. After the fall of the most fortified Swedish fortress of Suomenlinna, in attacks which Orlov-Denisov also participates, he was entrusted with the defense of the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia. For the heroic accomplishment of this task within three months of continuous battles with the Swedish partisans, Count Orlov received the Order of St. Anne 2nd class with diamond signs.

In January 1811 Count Orlov for the numerous awards bestowed the rank in front of Russia Gen.-aide.

On a brand new military campaign Napoleon Orlov-Denisov vyznat first, because as carrying armed with his Cossacks on the Neman River, and here sent a messenger to his own management with a message about the beginning of hostilities. He also gave the first battle the French attacks.

With 2 days of after the beginning of the Russian-French War Orlov-Denisov stormed three squadrons of hussars of Napoleon, and the retreat from Vilna held two successful attacks on the French cavalry, with all this capturing Colonel Count Segur, adjutant eminent brother of Napoleon. In the upcoming, during the retreat of the Russian army deep into the Russian Federation, Orlov-Denisov bravely acted in the rearguard of the 1st Army. June 23, 1812 Vasily Orlov-Denisov, heading their own Cossack squad heroically fought cavalry troops near the village of Murat Kocherzhishki (films Prince Hohenlohe). July 15, commanding again as the Life Guards Cossack Regiment and a detachment of Black Sea weave, Vasily Orlov-Denisov defeated near Vitebsk three French cavalry regiment. These heroic deeds have brought Count Orlov Order of St. Anne 1st degree, along with a gold award saber, dotted with diamonds, engraved with the inscription "For Bravery".

Orlov-Denisov took part in the Battle of Borodino. Being with his Cossacks in korptsuse Cavalry General Uvarov, he, together with the body crossing the river Kolocha and combined arms comprising a strike from the left wing of the French. The sudden appearance of the cavalry and Cossacks from the left flank led Napoleon to stop the attack Guard troops, which gave the right to Kutuzov respite to strengthen the central position of the Russian army.

After a glorious Borodin Orlov-Denisov again operates in the rear of the Russian army, being able to distinguish the valiant attack by Chirikov and Voronov. Delightful way Orlov-Denisov showed his courage in Tarutino battle. Suddenly attacked French troops of Murat-Cossack cavalry units, Orlov was able to not only disperse the enemy, and take as booty 38 guns and camp, situated on the banks of the river Chernishny. Gen. Bennigsen wrote about Tarutinskoye Battle Field Marshal Kutuzov: "Count Orlov-Denisov behaved most brilliant way. His courage is a credit to the Russian weapons. He first gave the idea to bypass the enemy's left wing. Based on the Ferris made by him, and to bring the message of his that I ventured to suggest writing your Lordships to storm the enemy. " Tarutin fight for the first time during the war in 1812 showed that the Russian would not give up just like Napoleon, it seems to be marked turning course of the war, and Orlov-Denisov for operation executed brilliantly fully deservedly received the Order of St. ZHoru third degree.

Soon after Tarutino Cossack Vasily squad continued series of heroic feats: After the battle of Maloyaroslavets, Orlov-Denisov went on Gzhatsk where very edging out the French, captured a lot of Napoleonic soldier and archive lurking office.

A little later a detachment of Count Orlov, is connected to the guerrilla units Davydova Seslavin Figner and managed to encircle the city Lyakhov, in which at that time was a team of French General Augereau. After a brief resistance, the French troops in the amount of 60 officers and 2,000 lower-ranking military officers were obliged to surrender to the Russian heroes, and it was the first large group, to lay down in front of Russian troops weapon in the campaign of 1812.

Having hidden information from the captives, Orlov-Denisov could once again break the huge French column, capturing a huge number of senior officers: among them generals Byurta, Almerasa and Dyufua. After a short-lived disease, Count Orlov vorachivaetsya commissioned Russian military officers and continues heroic coming of the French: splits the cavalry of General Wrede, a little later inflicts a crushing defeat on Murat's army
rearguard Pekarskaya mountain (being able to capture a large convoy of gold).

After those glittering fights in which Vasily Orlov-Denisov himself indicates not only a brave warrior, and a terrific commander, Alexander I appointed him head of the convoy personnel that Count Orlov meant actually bezotluchno Russian presence in person of the ruler. It is, but it does not mean that Orlov-Denisov could no longer take part in the fighting, it is perfectly manifests itself in battles in towns Lutzen, Bautzen, Dresden and many other iconic for that war fighting. The merit of these feats of arms for Vasily was the acquisition of the Prussian Order of the Falcon Reddish 1st degree, also the rank of Lieutenant General in 1813.

But personal chord in fighting the war to Orlov-Denisov was the day October 4, 1813 — Battle of Leipzig day. Having transferred from the ruler General Barclay de Tolly urgent military commission, he returned to rate the governor does not stand downwind of the form of the Russian infantry at Leipzig, and noticing near the detachment of Cossacks own Life, simultaneously leads him to attack. Realizing that with its 400-mi man he actually is powerless before a large French army, Orlov-Denisov, yet holds fast attack enemy infantry, having given the right to rebuild the units respite Russian troops. Came to the rescue to the battlefield two Prussian cavalry regiment were able to turn the tide of battle in favor of the Russian army. The Leipzig battle for Eagles-Denisov received from the hands of Alexander I, the Order of St. Vladimir 2nd degree. The Austrian government also bestow him with the Order of Maria Theresa.

After the second occupation by Allied troops Paris lord of France, Louis XVIII gave Orlov-Denisov Order of St. Louis of the 1st degree.

After return to St. Petersburg graph Vasily Orlov-Denisov continued fulfillment of the obligations of the Adjutant General until August 1825, when he was appointed commander of the 5th Reserve Cavalry Corps.

A further increase in the rank of Vasily expected in a day imperatorsoky coronation of Nicholas I, became a general of cavalry, in October 1826 graph Orlov-Denisov retired. Returned to the service after the announcement of war by Turkey of, General Orlov-Denisov came into the governor's headquarters, and later returned with the king to St. Petersburg.

After the death of his wife, Vasily had to completely withdraw from the obligations of military service, to dedicate himself completely to the education of young children.

Courageous and brave man, flashing a war veteran 1812 General Orlov-Denisov was killed on 24 January 1843, and was buried in the church of the Monastery of the Transfiguration of Kharkov.

Name Vasily Orlov forever entered the annals of military combat pages of Russian guns of the early 19th century, and keep in mind it should be not only the Don Cossacks, who are descendants of the particular cavalry his Life Guards Cossack Regiment, and the Russian people, honoring the memory of all his characters .

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