Corrosive researchers of his biography, but they say that was born Konstantin still in Warsaw. This was completed by himself says April 22, 1920 Candidate for the post of commander of the card Cavalry Regiment. Indirectly, the facts supporting this version is the fact that his father was a railway worker and Rokossovskogo to live with his family in Lofty Luki, metal road through which allowed only two years after the birth of Konstantin Rokossovsky, I could not.
Whence came the version with the majestic Luki? Some historians attribute this moment with nezapyatannoy ideology. The fact is that in 1945, Marshal Rokossovsky is booked for the second star of Hero of the Russian Union, and the status of Hero means of mandatory installation of a bronze bust of him in his native town. Here and there were difficulties: put a bust Rokossovsky in Warsaw (in the state is not officially relating to the Russian Union) was embarrassing. And there were Lofty Luke.
Childhood Constantine can not be called light. Sooner lost his father and mother, and soon he and dropouts, had 15 years to work as a laborer.
With the outbreak of World War Rokossovskii enters a volunteer in the 5th Dragoon Regiment Kargopolsky 5th Cavalry Division of the 12th Army. Even in such a young age shows itself quite a brave fighter and in the battles of Panevezys city heroically storm the German art battery, for which the command is to the St George Cross 3rd degree (merit this Rokossovskii never received). Later, — for the capture of German trenches guard Konstantin awarded the St. George Medal 4th degree. In 1916, for numerous guerrilla attacks in the Western Dvina (which at the time was strengthened Kargopolsky Regiment) Rokossovskii receives medal of St. George the third degree.
In the spring of 1917 Constantine Rokossovskii produced in command of junior non-commissioned officers, and in December of the same year he joined the Guard reddish, later, in a reddish Army. Consisting of the Red Guards in (Krasnopolye Red Guard cavalry unit), Rokossovskii helped quell a series of counter-revolutionary uprisings in the Vologda region, in the south of Russia (including Ukraine), and from July 1918, he wages war against the White Guards and rebels Czechoslovaks in the Urals. There, in the Urals, the unit receives the name of the 1st Ural Volodarsky Cavalry Regiment and Rokossovsky became the commander of the 1st Squadron of the regiment. During the fighting against Kolchak Rokossovsky was twice awarded the first merit of the young Russian republic — the Order of Red Banner.
In the Bolshevik party Rokossovskii comes exclusively in 1919.
Already in the time of peace that followed the war, civilian clothes, Rokossovskii ends higher cavalry command courses (lectures immediately Rokossovsky also visit Zhukov and AI Eremenko, future heroes majestically Russian war and the Union of Russian marshals). Education Rokossovsky continued in 1929, after the course of improvement at the higher officers of the Academy. MV Frunze.
At this time, Konstantin is in the area of the East China steel road, which then reigned very worrying situation, sometimes there were clashes with Chinese troops.
Since February 1932 Rokossovskii to the position of commander-commissar of the 15th separate Kuban Cavalry Division (Daura). In 1935, in the process of innovation in the Russian army, Konstantin Rokossovsky received a personal rank of division commander.
Gloomy clouds of repression in 1937 against Russian military command had not gone past the Rokossovskogo: in August 1937, on the wrong tip-off, he was accused of having links with the Japanese and Polish intelligence services. For three years Rokossovsky remained under investigation, while in the interior of the NKVD of the bullpen for the Leningrad region (in the bullpen of the famous "Big House"). Unlike some other Russian military Rokossovskii did not denigrate themselves and March 22, 1940 was released in connection with the termination of the case, rehabilitated. Konstantin reduced in civilian rights in the Red Army and party positions. Soon (with the introduction of the Red Army generals' posts) he was awarded the rank of Major General.
After a period of recovery of health, in November 1940 Rokossovsky was appointed commander of the 9th Mechanized Corps in the Kiev Military neighborhood, commanded by Zhukov. At the head of the body Rokossovsky was a little more than half a year, enough time in order to Zhukov looked closer to Konstantin Konstantinovich and made the subsequent entry in the diary of their own memoirs: "More serious, hard work, hard-working and talented people in fact it's hard to call."
At the head of that body met Rokossovskii fatal for Russia June 22, 1941. On June 24, the housing Rokossovskogo took the first battles in the direction of Lutsk and in the military these days are stories were memorable as the days of the 1st of the greatest tank battles. Not having actually the most modern machines at the time the T-34 and KV, covered with a weak artillery support, Russian tankers, yet in some areas heroically defended against superior German forces and the advancing enemy (particularly distinguished themselves part of the 20th Armored Division 9 — Mechanized Corps). Despite the fact that in these first days of the war days when our troops are under massive pressure from the German had to depart, merit were given a very greedy (not at the same retreat reward?), A large number of soldiers and commanders of the 9th Mechanized Corps received military Merit, and the Rokossvosky — the fourth Red Banner Order.
Excellent military leader Konstantin Rokossovsky experience gained in the battle for the defense of Moscow. Notwithstanding the fact that troops 16th Army Rokossovskogo came first in the "Vyazemskij pot", they were still able to get out of the environment, and stood on the Volokolamsk direction, obeying the orders of a serious "top" — "Not one step back!". Moscow in this cataclysmic moment the war was really in the balance of deposit and death, but it is known that of the case relating to that time: by hosting the correspondent of "Red Star", Rokossovskii wrote on his card truly prophetic words: "Fighting near Moscow, to think of Berlin. Russian troops will certainly be in Berlin. "
During the Battle of Moscow, Konstantin Rokossovsky was submitted for the award of the Order of Lenin.
In March 1942, Rokossovsky was pretty badly wounded — a shell fragment hurt the spine, lungs and liver. After healing, during the 2-year (1942 to 1944), he takes command alternately Bryansk, Don, Central, Belorussian fronts.
During the Battle of Stalingrad, the Don front during a planned counterattack Rokossovsky, together with the armies of the Southwestern and Stalingrad Fronts broke through the defense and were able to surround the group General F. Paulus (consisting of 330 thousand people). Surroundings of the army of Field Marshal Paulus completed a stunning Captivity (except the Field Marshal) 24 generals, 2500 German officers, 90 thousand people ordinary fighter. For this is truly a massive victory over the German troops Rokossovskii is not so long ago established the Order of Suvorov.
Even more remarkable generalshi
p opportunities Konstantin Rokossovsky shown in the Battle of Kursk in the process of reflection of German troops attack and defeat enemy counter-offensive at Orel grouping (after which he in turn had been given the rank of first rank of colonel and general of the army). Talent organizer successful, and sometimes brilliantly unique in the performance of military special operations in the forthcoming only confirmed in the actions of Konstantin Konstantinovich during "Operation Bagration", the East Prussian and East Pomeranian, Berlin operations. Because niskolechko logical that before the end of hostilities in Belarus Rokossovsky was awarded the rank of marshal, and JF Stalin called for personal interviews Rokossovskogo no differently as Bagration.
After the end of the stateliness Russian war Rokossovsky was commander of the Northern Group of Forces. In 1949, Konstantin Rokossovsky the personal destiny of Stalin became the Minister of National Defence of Poland. Besides Rokossovskii comes to the Central Committee of the Polish Workers' Party and Acting Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers. From Poland Constantine Rokossovsky was withdrawn only after the death of Stalin.
In 1957, Rokossovsky was removed from all of the major posts and transferred to the post of commander of the Transcaucasus Military neighborhood. Yet, through year Rokossovskii vorachivaetsya again for the post of Deputy Head of Defense and the Inspector. The last years of his life Konstantin spent as Inspector General of the Department of Defense, investigating the delivery of unfinished naval vessels.
Rokossovsky was also involved in journalism, writing articles in the "Journal of Military History," but for a day before his death, passed a set of printing a book of memoirs, "Soldier's Duty."
In fact, all contemporaries Konstantin Rokossovsky, marking the highest level of leadership talent, a voice of the highest moral level of the man (which is typical, personality assessment Rokossovskogo not change regardless of the "general line" of the party and the Russian control, unlike some others — such as Zhukov for example).
In military history Konstantin Rokossovsky forever remain a professional military commander: the remarkable operation to defeat and eliminate a large army of Paulus, the defense was organized by them at Kursk, brilliant military actions by the Belarusian direction — thanks to Rokossovsky was not the only hero of the Russian stateliness, and glorified the Russian instrument for the whole world.