Who celebrate NEW YEAR ON THE MOON?
In this New Year's Eve, as it turned out, on the dark side of the moon too long someone stayed up. The photographs were sent for analysis to Kosmopoisk amateur astronomer from Ukraine Pavel Romanov, clearly visible luminous object far beyond the terminator (the boundary of light and shadow) on the dark side of the moon.
Analysis ended today, confirmed that he had received the "objects" have nothing to do with all known types of intentional or accidental distortion of the image (the originals were no corrections) and are not known species of atmospheric space or physical phenomena.
Old photo flash on the illuminated part of the moon
Rigorously speaking, glowing objects on the moon — is also a long-known phenomenon. Observed and even photographed such events for decades, the fact that the periodic appearances on "seemingly uninhabitable" Moon strange flashes of stationary or even moving light for a long time is not disputed, created entire directories "lunar anomalies." The first mention of the strange glow of the moon's surface are esch the tenth century and belong to one of the monks of the English monasteries. Recorded a bright flash in the vicinity of the crater Aristarchus and fly around the moon astronauts spacecraft Apollo 11. Most flash duration is in the range from a minute to several hours, and during this time, the brightness may increase, and weaken. Clearly stood out among the other six areas of the lunar surface, the mention of which were attended by different observers (45-kilometer crater Aristarchus, a 100-kilometer crater Plato, Sea of Crises, Grimaldi craters, Tycho, Copernicus and Kepler). Interest in these phenomena after the flight to the moon in the 1970s weakened somewhat. Another thing is that the debate about the origin of these objects are so far. Of course, the version of the "number 1" is the idea of extraterrestrial life (and who can still turn on the lights and drive with their headlights on the lunar expanse?). Skeptics also made several ingenious hypotheses that attempt to explain the lunar lights by certain physical processes (volcanic eruptions, producing gas from below the surface, electrostatic zaradi, etc.) on plohoobsledovannoy moon.
A very strong argument in favor of supporters of artificial lunar anomaly was received April 29, 2007, when the Italian astronomer has recorded a flying object near the moon, and in Kosmopoisk analysis showed that the shot hit "20-kilometer object, make controlled maneuver to enter the lunar orbit. " This analysis is available for users (video — http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.aspx?DocsID=1163754, http://vkontakte.ru/video17387649_114145760, photo album — http://vkontakte.ru/album17387649_92182472) and to So far, no one has been disproved. To date, there is no doubt that it is — man-made object, that it makes controlled flight. Perhaps the shot hit our terrestrial zones? But in April 2007, no one has launched rockets to the moon. On Earth, at least. The dimensions of the object (about 20 km) is not likely to leave any country suspected of committing a "secret launch."
However, in the next 2008 skeptics also got their hands on the new arguments. An attempt to answer this question has taken an astrophysicist and cosmologist at Columbia University in New York (Columbia University) Erlin Krotts (Arlin Crotts), who analyzed more than half a million descriptions made after the flight of Apollo. Krotts found that near the crater Aristarchus were reported episodic emissions of radon, the emissions came from the alpha-particle detectors, placed on board Apollo 15, Apollo 16 and released on the lunar orbit in 1998 machine Lunar Prospector (Lunar Prospector) . How can radon emissions associated with the mysterious flashes? Krotts include explanation mentioned in all areas on the surface is cracked in the lunar crust radon therethrough opening onto a surface, which directly before the pressure is sufficiently large. According to his calculations, 500 kg to break out of the lunar surface gas were to form the gas-dust cloud as small as a few kilometers. This cloud can be in a stable state for 5 to 10 minutes. The presence of such a cloud can change the lunar surface reflectivities for example, near the surface due to the presence of large amounts of dust. However, it remains unclarified question of the origin of radon. Since radon is an intermediate product in the radioactive decay of uranium, it is natural to assume the presence of uranium in the rocks of the Moon. The problem is in finding the reason for the radioactive decay products of uranium were concentrated in so few areas out on the lunar surface. Needless to say that these studies can greatly reduce the risk factors associated with the choice of the future landers planned lunar landing missions to the Moon.
At the beginning of 2011 a new trump card in this dispute were supporters. At this time a new observation of light effects occurred in an area where, until now there has been no hint of evaporation from the surface of argon Selena. Krottsa theory did not work …
Y, and this or any other theory can not explain the appearance of the moon transient luminous objects, especially those that move over the moon. In this context, any new information about the lunar anomaly not only replenish the treasury of such facts, but also help to sort out the details of what is happening right before our noses (next, of course — on a cosmic scale). Big minus any particular observation of such anomalies, for all their value, it is that they are made with only one point. As in the case with the recent observation P.Romanova. (Just in case we refer to the large army of astronomers none of you that night Do not point your devices on our natural satellite?) Can be stated that if at least one more amateur astronomy that night would fix something like that, have been able to be much more precise calculations of not only the position, but also — and most importantly — the height at which the facility is located, and possibly its size (neither one nor the other significant compute the observation from one point almost impossible). A long time it has become necessary if the organization is not permanent, or at least periodic surveillance (monitoring) of the lunar surface forces of amateur astronomers. Enable this professional astronomers and observatories irrational, because Moon for large telescopes — too large object. It is placed in a field of view of only small telescopes, spotting scopes and binoculars usual. A small tube with a camera and a long patience (all night) — this is quite enough for each volunteer to work together to manage a dozen fans to take control of the entire visible portion of the surface of the moon. An important addition — the larger base of observations (the distance between the observer on Earth), the more accurate will be the result of calculations. That is, it is desirable that astronomers were not only from different regions of Russia, but also from other countries. International Association Kosmopoisk (which has members in 35 countries) is ready to take on the coordination of volunteers and "appoint" the date the simultaneous observation of the moon, and at the same time and for the whole sky, tying these dates to the most interesting events and expeditions. Which member of the Kosmopoisk ready to take over the leadership of the program and coordination of observations, linking individual monitors via the Internet and SMS? And who among amateur astronomers willing to participate in future simultaneous observations? Recording still open.
Map of the Moon
Lunar mysteries, of course, millions of years. And the strange glowing anomalies may lifeforms unidentified thousands of years. But only by joint efforts we have a chance to find a solution in the near future …