Russian agriculture, intense drama is experiencing drought last summer, this year, again reflecting the threat — of locusts destroying hectares of crops per hectare, and swine fever, mows whole farm
Agriculture of Russia, only survived the drought of the summer of last year and the forthcoming remove grain embargo, this year, faced with the aggravation of the two problems. Ministry of Agriculture this year is seriously concerned locusts and expanding areas of defeat African swine fever.
As reported on Thursday, Agriculture Minister Yelena Skrynnik Agriculture Ministry next week will begin funding to fight locusts. In this regard, she asked the representatives of the regions to urgently prepare a proposal. The head of the Ministry of Agriculture said that the amount of threat while small, but, nevertheless, measures will be taken promptly. As previously reported, the monitoring revealed that locusts threatening 1.5 million hectares of farmland.
Earlier Skrynnik announced that next year's budget in the regions, it is imperative to provide means to fight the locust pests. At present, the regional budget allocated for this purpose 12.4 million rubles, including in the Stavropol region — 5.35 million rubles, Dagestan — 4.04 million rubles, the Altai region — 3 million. In this case, it is the southern region is the largest agricultural producers in Russia.
Difficult situation currently exists in the Saratov region, where on June 21 introduced a state of emergency due to the threat of locust pests in the Rivne and Engels areas. Expects a disaster in the Saratov region of the region. It was reported that in the 11 municipalities of the Saratov region there is "almost explosive" situation by locusts.
The same day, on high alert due to the threat of locust pest was introduced throughout the Republic of Kalmykia. "The area in which the number of larvae exceeds the permissible level, handled over 42 thousand hectares. Nearly 16 hectares of farmland have been treated with insecticides emergency air and ground ways. Moreover weather conditions favor breeding and spread of pests of locusts," — noted in the commentary authorities of the Republic.
In some parts of Stavropol, especially the eastern part of the region, can also be introduced a state of emergency because of the plague of locusts. In connection with the locust emergency mode declared in several areas of the Astrakhan region where locusts had destroyed 200 hectares of grassland, damaging almost 600 thousand. The probability of emergency announcements in some areas of Kabardino-Balkaria.
According to statistics from the previous year, when the threat of locusts was also high and was seen almost on a par with the drought in June locust pest damage exceeded 200 thousand hectares. To fight the pest left millions of rubles. In July 2010, reported to the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation that the locusts hit 1.8 million hectares of farmland. "Locust rages this year, especially in the regions bordering with Kazakhstan — our locust goes to them, they are — to us," — said the director of department of crop chemicals and plant protection of the Ministry of Agriculture, Peter Chekmarev. This year, according to the figures, the situation is no better.
The second attack of agriculture — an African swine fever (ASF). According to the forecast Rosselkhoznadzor damage from the spread of the disease in Russia in 2011 could reach nearly 8 billion. Often the disease was recorded in 11 regions, this year, ASF was reported in 16 locations. Most of all — in the Krasnodar region, where the pig is one of the traditional livestock industries and where the problem of reproduction of pigs in recent years has been very difficult. Thus, in the Krasnodar region since the beginning of 2011 had to be destroyed due to an outbreak of ASF over 6 thousand pigs. ASF virus was first registered in the region in November 2008, on the farm, "Kuban" Novokubansky area in the foci of infection and the first endangered area over the years destroyed more than 40 thousand animals. It was reported that on June 1, 2011 the total number of pigs in the Kuban region of 1 million 37 thousand units, while the authorities of the region posed a problem with the latest technology to bring the average annual number of up to 3 million head. Difficult to calculate the loss — they fold up and out of direct damages, compensatory measures, which are paid to affected farmers, and indirect — many breeders due to the spread of infection from the pig refuse. Recall that in some countries, where large amounts of pigs were affected ASF, the authorities were forced to resort to the total destruction of the livestock of these animals.