After 40 years, Russia "return" to the moon: in 2013 the satellite of the Earth will be sent home machine "Luna-Glob". And after 2015, Russia plans to create a base on the moon landing for unmanned spacecraft. The "Luna Resource / 2" will be the third phase of the national lunar program.
"In the long term (after 2015) is scheduled to Russian project" Luna Resource / 2 ", providing for the creation of a unified landing platform, rover long range, take-off rockets from the moon, the upload and storage of lunar soil samples delivered to the Earth, as well as implementation of high-precision landing lighthouse, located on the Moon "- said on Monday told the ITAR-TASS General Director — General Designer of the Scientific and Production Association (NPO) to them. Lavochkin Victor Hart.
At the same time, according to Hartova supposed to delivery of lunar soil samples collected with lunar rover in pre-selected areas of scientific interest.
The "Luna Resource / 2" will be the third phase of the national lunar program. As part of this phase is planned two expeditions: the first takes on the moon heavy research moonwalker for contact studies and collecting a sample of lunar soil, and the second — to return soil samples to Earth.
The first stage of the "return" of Russia to the moon will begin in 2013, when the satellite of the Earth will be sent home machine "Luna-Glob". During this phase, scientists expect to conduct studies of the Moon with its orbit an artificial satellite and carry out experiments on its surface.
"The final look of the project was formed in the middle of this year, when our scientists decided to place on the surface of the moon landing platform" — said Hart. At present, the spacecraft (SC) consists of an orbiter with a set of scientific instruments for research-orbiting artificial satellite, the Moon and the landing platform, makes a soft landing in one of the polar regions to conduct contact investigations.
In the second phase will be implemented by a joint Russian-Indian project "Luna-Resource / 1" — in India it is called "Chandrayaan-2." "This project is developing the Indian side orbiter and mini-moon rover, and provides a launch vehicle for launch, while Russia is developing lander that will host the complex scientific instruments and Indian mini moon rover" — said Hart.
Russia has accumulated vast experience in research satellite, reminded the head of the NPO. Lavochkin. So, 40 years ago, the domestic auto re-entry vehicle "Luna-16" was first brought to Earth 105 grams of lunar soil.
The results of the mission "Luna-16" are recognized worldwide. According to the results of flight logged priority scientific and technological achievements: the return to Earth after landing on the moon, the delivery to the surface of the space rocket "Moon-Earth" with the recovery vehicle and an automatic start with the moon and the delivery of the lunar soil.
Also in 1970 the launch of the automatic station "Luna-17", on board of which was the "Lunokhod-1" — the world's first controlled from Earth mobile laboratory on the surface of another solar system body.
"Luna-17" entered in the history of space a few still have not beaten the world record.