In 1865, the Russian troops together with the Ural Cossacks occupied Tashkent. There shall Turkestan region. In 1866, start military action against claiming the Emir of Bukhara Tashkent. The raid was repulsed Bukhara. In 1868, the Russian troops General Kaufmann, which are composed of the Ural Cossacks, go to Samarkand and Bukhara emir surrender, recognizes the protectorate of.
In 1869, Russian troops from the Caucasus land on the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea. In 1873, organized campaign against Khiva, naikrupneyshy center of the slave trade in Central Asia. Through the arid desert of the troops coming to Khiva with 3 sides — from Turkistan, from Orenburg strip and on the Caspian coast. In the campaign involved and Semirechie Siberian Cossacks, five hundred Urals, 12 hundreds of Orenburg, Kizlyar-Grebenskaya and Sunzha-Vladikavkaz shelves with Terek and even part of the Kuban Yeisky Regiment troops. In the course of the campaign was defeated by nature. Then the two-day storm May 28 and 29 is taken Khiva. In 1875, Orenburg, Ural, Siberian and Semirechie Cossacks Russian troops to help capture Kokand.
Turkestan and the trans-Caspian region, which strengthens the power of, shares of the Turkmen steppe, vagrant population which continues to make inroads. To the oasis, where there was a strong point of the Turkmen — Geok-Tepe, 500 miles away lay the desert. In 1877 and 1879. Russian troops twice unsuccessfully tried to take on this fortress. In 1880, General Skobeleff starts the campaign on the Geok-Tepe on the Caspian coast. Together with him are the 1st Laba, 1st Poltava and 1st Taman Kuban Cossack regiments troops. Towards Skobeleff of Turkestan General Kuropatkina squad moves in which includes Orenburg and Ural Cossacks. Under the Geok-Tepe teams meet. December 23, 1880 begins the siege of the fortress, January 12, 1881, it is taken by storm. During this battle the 1st Regiment of the Taman Kuban was awarded the George flag. So Makar, all of Central Asia was incorporated into Russia.