Since ancient times, people have invented gunpowder rockets. They were a means of joy time folk festivals. In the Middle Ages, the rocket has already been used in warfare. For the first time in the the ability to use missiles to "investigate global spaces" have the founder of Astronautics Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky.
In his work "The study of global space rocket appliances", published in 1903, he first gave the basic formula of the rocket in space, proved the ability to use missile devices for interplanetary travel, has studied the impact of air resistance on movement missiles and much more. The value of his numerous works and voiced their thoughts about the ability of flight gallakticheskoe in place for the development of astronautics invaluable.