Since when is Christmas celebrated? Did you know that the holiday was not among the early Christians, and hundreds of years after Jesus' resurrection the church fathers were afraid to enter it, for fear that people would be against it?
Born on the day of the unknown.
Yes, the early Christians believed the time was not on the birth of the Savior. Two thousand years ago, the course was a lot of other eras. In the era of Alexander the Great after obschegrecheskie dated events of the Olympics, starting with conditional first Olympics held in 776 BC. In the East, widely used so-called Seleucid era that began on year reign of Seleucus in Babylon, who became the founder of the Greek-Macedonian dynasty (312-311 years BC. Oe.). In the West, the Romans designated the years the names of the consuls, but for large events scored "from the foundation of the city" of Rome. This date varied in the range of a few years, the official recognition of the dating of the writer Varro, who took the founding of Rome in the third year of the sixth Olympiad, and this year 753 BC. e. In Egypt was coined era of Diocletian, calculated from the accession to the throne of the Roman Empire of the great ruler and a persecutor of Christians (284 BC. Oe.). Jews considered during the creation of the world — from 3761, the dong. e.
Only about 200 years after the establishment of the Church Christians began to look for his, not the pagan era. First, it was the era of the Old Testament from the creation of the world, regardless of the calculated Jewish. Then there were several Christian systems of the account from the creation of the world — Alexandria, Bulgarian, Byzantine. It was only in 525 monk Dionysius Small, archivist of the Pope, took time account of the Nativity. He also defined and the date of the event, now accepted as the beginning of our era. Dionysius took the birth of the Savior by December 25, 753 years from the founding of Rome. So the first year of the Christian era was the 754 th year. The basis for determining that date remain unknown.
But the balancing act on the calculation of the arithmetic of the birth of Jesus was the least important, is not the most important issue. It is today, competing with its solemnity Easter, the feast of Christmas is a sense of confidence in the fact that he appeared in the earliest days of Christianity. Nowadays it is difficult to imagine that once the Christians did not celebrate the birthday of the Savior. Person, which they could not have eternal life, man, so abruptly changed their outlook for the faith that people were willing to sacrifice their lives, which proves the numerous examples. Born man, who explained that the death is not terrible, because behind it is eternal life.
Why not celebrate? The reason is simple. Death — that is the true birthday!
Strict Christians usually do not celebrate my birthday, and celebrate the name day, in other words, the day of his baptism. Those with the most earliest times of Christianity, they show that there would be a great joy to the world of God, and for him, that he was born into the world one more sinner if the sinner that in their time, was reborn as righteous through the sacrament of baptism. We believe the most important day of his physical birth, but a Christian — the day of spiritual birth. And if it were not for the baptism, the day of carnal birth to nothing for it does not mean, but unhappiness — because he is not baptized one way — to hell. We find it hard to understand, but really it was so that the early Christians called the day of the birthday person's death.
In that view of the birthday could the Christians to come up with the idea to celebrate the birthday of the Savior? However, his birth was so unusual, it was such a joy to the world, and that it can not be compared with the birth of a person. But Christ for the then Christian was so heavenly man that thought they could not dwell on his fleshly birth. Too spiritual for this were the then Christians, few took their flesh. It is clear, therefore, that they celebrated the resurrection, ascension to heaven, the sending of the Holy Spirit, not the birth of the physical body, which was made a great spirit. Indeed, all of these ancient festivals of Christmas.
All current Christmas celebrations, holiday rituals and traditions were born in a fierce struggle with the heretics. The question was simple: who will believe and whom will the people. Gnostic heretics entered Epiphany, attracted many of those who seek worship, full of harmonious and beautiful songs. In response to the Orthodox Church established and at a holiday in honor of the Baptism of the Lord, and called it the Epiphany.
Held as Christmas.
First Christmas holiday has been separated from the Baptism in the Church of Rome in the first half of the IV century. In one of those times calendar, compiled in the year 354, under the December 25 says:
"Day of the Birth of Christ in Bethlehem." You can guess what caused this separation, and why it happened was in Rome. Roman pagan worship of the Olympian gods with special solemnity celebrated the winter solstice — the number, when the days are very short and the nights are infinitely long. Festival held in late December. In the IV century it was the day of December 25 this pagan holiday. How to historians and theologians to distract Christians from demonopoklonnichestva, the Roman Church and moved from January 6 to this day, the memory of the birth of Christ — not of a dying and reviving god, and the birth of the greatest spiritual, eternal God.
For Rome, gradually followed by all the Eastern churches. How it was not easy, history shows. In the Eastern Church on the feast of the Nativity was first uttered special sermon three great saints: St. John Chrysostom of Antioch, Gregory the Theologian in Constantinople, St. Basil the Great in Caesarea. From the records of conversations of John Chrysostom, we learn not only that he introduced this feast at Antioch and, moreover, the example of the West, but also with what was done gradually and cautiously this innovation. Does it take hold? Christians take Christmas holiday along with already? John Chrysostom happy and surprised that the festival brought a lot of people, as recently argued a lot about him: some consider it an innovation, while others argued that in the West it has long been committed.
Do not diminish the importance of the holiday story of its origin — that it appeared only in opposition to the pagan holiday and the Gnostics?
Probably not. After all, Jesus was the God-man, and that a man was killed on the cross and rose again.
And if it were not man, no man would have seen for themselves the path to eternal life. That they, mere mortals, can be resurrected and live in the kingdom of heaven. But a person can pass their way to Paradise or to Hell, just born into the world. So God created us. Birth — beginning of the path, and the indisputable fact that there is no escape. I think, do not be a political and ideological motives of the new administration of the Nativity, he still would have appeared.
L.Lemesheva "Interesting newspaper. Mysteries of civilization" № 1
Category: Mystery stories