Scientists continue to study the depth of Antarctica and the oceans surrounding it. Sometimes this leads to the sensational discoveries and findings. Thus, the expedition led by Professor Alex Rogers of Zoology at Oxford University, studying at a depth of 2.5 kilometers with a remote-controlled device Isis New deep hot springs off the coast of the mainland, found the real "lost world."
Mysterious inhabitants of the underwater world
This discovery can rewrite the theory of how sea creatures filled the oceans. At great depth they found the animals that previously no one had ever seen. These creatures seemed to have arrived from another planet, said Rogers.
According to him, the communities of animals that live in the dark about hitting the bottom of the ocean hot springs, it is unique. Nowhere in the world are no longer occur.
Among the mysterious inhabitants: hairy yeti crab and seven-pointed starfish predators, food for which this is the most crab. Also found an octopus and unknown snails, clams, mussels and other creatures.
"It was not just one or two beings, and almost everything that we have seen — was new to science, — says Alex Rogers. — It was a wonderful experience. This is a very unusual feeling to see all these things for the first time and say to yourself, "Damn, I do not understand what's going on."
Scientists particularly interested in the yeti crabs, because they had a similar population found only in the southeastern part of the Pacific Ocean, and hence between these individuals must be some relationship, which has yet to be determined.
Professor John Copley of the University of Southampton, explained that the importance of the discovery is in the fact that the underwater hot springs near Antarctica nobody had not yet explored. According to him, scientists have only recently ventured to begin research in these dangerous latitudes. Sources found themselves back in 1999, but the organization of a full-scale expedition to them took more than a decade.
Pleased with the scientific community and the recent announcement by Australian scientists have also been investigating the flora and fauna in the cold waters of the Southern (Antarctic) Ocean. In greater depths, they have discovered a giant sea spiders, and incredibly large jellyfish with six-meter tentacles.
"The phenomenon known as" gigantism ", according to which the deep sea animals are much larger than the animals that live on the ocean surface, is peculiar to the marine fauna of Antarctica, — said the head of the research team, Martin Riddle. — We found a giant worms, very large crustaceans and unknown species of sea spiders, which reach values of conventional plates. "
Many of them live in the dark and because of this have a rather strange appearance. Video footage shot by Australian researchers, really amazing, because they are sealed rare animals in their natural environment.
Some individuals raised from a depth of 1.5 kilometers, weighed about 30 pounds. In total, nearly a quarter found organisms found and brought to the surface during the expedition, were not previously known to science.
Oases of life
Recently, more and more experts agree that the south pole of the planet, in reality is not a lifeless desert, and rich natural complex, which contains the "oases of life." Scientists point out that beneath the Antarctic ice is an extensive system of rivers and water bodies, which by their shape vaguely reminiscent of the Amazon basin.
In particular, geophysics at Columbia University said that recent data photos and videos obtained from NASA satellites reveal the existence of Antarctica so-called "the Lake", where there are active processes of mineralization, without which microorganisms would generally not possible or were thousands of times slower.
"In fact, a network of water ice of the South Pole is very large, the scale is roughly equivalent to the U.S., making it the largest water reservoir in the world. Most probably we can say that there exists a whole new world, the existence of which humanity 10 years ago and had no idea "- believes geophysicist Michael Stadinger.
Specialists say that if it were possible to raise a thick ice cap that covers Antarctica is under it would appear the most normal of the continent, all the rest.
Stadinger said that even if it were not for a series of recent surveys of Antarctica from space, previous studies carried out on the mainland, speak in favor of a powerful body of water at the bottom. Proof of this are the large and relict Lake Vostok, and the movement of glaciers caused by subglacial continental movements.
Moving lakes and mountains and ghost
According to current data, the South Pole, there are 145 rivers and lakes, which are located at a depth of 4 kilometers. Some of them, you would not believe, can move pretty fast … "passing" for half a kilometer a year!
The so-called wanderlust has 11 lakes. They are located at the edge of the glacier George VI — bananovidnoy icy river, sandwiched between the Antarctic Peninsula and the Island (the Earth), Alexander I.
The story of their discovery is quite interesting. In 2011, a University of Chicago professor Douglas Makeyel gave his students rather uninteresting job. They were to digitize photos of lakes in Antarctica.
During the work the students and have noticed a strange behavior of lakes. Makeyel suggested that the reason for this may be the location of the glacier: George VI is sandwiched between the island and the mainland, and the lake, of course, are located in the valleys of the shelf.
Despite the narrow space, the glacier is moving slowly and hit the ground at an angle of Alexander. As a result of the difficult progress of the shelf between the two barriers end of each cavity is stretched along the shore, dragging the lake. Thus, the water seemed to flow the other way.
In Antarctica there are many other puzzles and mysteries to unravel which has yet. Among them — the mountain range Gamburtsev, also known as "ghost mountains".
Says Fausto Ferrachchioli of studies of the Antarctic region, where there are mountains, "is a complete mystery." First of all, because the "mountain ghost", which stretch for many kilometers thick ice and snow on the 1,200 kilometers, are located in the heart of the continent, while other rock formations are closer to the coastline.
Ferrachchioli believes that future missions, which is now ready scientists, can be regarded as "the study of another planet, but on Earth." After all these mountains, by definition can not exist. This is contrary to the laws of geology.
Another puzzle is the large entrance to some underground structure, which is visible in satellite images, has recently taken over the territory in Antarctica.
According to researcher Joseph P. Skipper, who has long specialized in the study of satellite images of little-known areas of the Earth, found it can be a sign "entrance into the real world of secrets …"
Category: Mystery stories