A word about special operations information warfare

The idea of this article was inspired by the posts of dark figures are published on various websites on the internet examples of citations, allegedly belonging to the famous Russian figures, in which degrading and mental capacity of the Russian people. In a small study, who had intended to clarify the situation with the sources of this lie has the famous search engine, was instrumental in establishing the truth. That's actually the very lzhetsitaty walking on the internet.

  1. Akademik Pavlov: "I must express my sad look on the Russian people — it has such a weak brain system that is not able to perceive reality as such. For him, there are only words. His reflexes are not coordinated with the actions, but with words. " 1932.
  2. Alexei Tolstoy: "Muscovy — Russ taiga, Mongolian, wild, bestial." (Muscovy — the Russia of taiga, Mongolic, wild, bestial.)
  3. Fyodor Dostoevsky: "The people who wandered through Europe and looking for that you can destroy, destroy for the sake of entertainment." (People who roam across Europe in search of what to destroy and obliterate, only for the sake of gratification.)
  4. Mikhail Bulgakov: "Do not the people, and cattle, ham, wild horde, murderers and villains.» (They are not people, they are boors, villains, wild hordes of murderers and miscreants.)
  5. Maxim Gorky: "The most important success of the Russian people will accept is his sadistic cruelty". (The most important trait of the success of the Russian people is their sadistic brutality.)
  6. Ivan Aksakov, "Oh, how hard to live in Russia, in the center of smerdyuchem physical and moral depravity, dishonesty lies and villainy." (How difficult it is to live in Russia, this stinking centre of physical and moral perversity, meanness, deceit and evil.)
  7. Ivan Turgenev: "The Russian is the largest and nainagleyshy liar in the whole world." (A Russian is the greatest and the cheekiest of all liars in the world.)
  8. Ivan Shmelev: "The people that hate will, loves bondage, loves chains on his hands and feet, dirty … physically and mentally ready at any moment to oppress everyone and everything." (The people who hate freedom, adore enslavement, love handcuffs and who are filthy morally and physically, ready to oppress everyone and everything.)
  9. Alexander Pushkin: "The people are indifferent to the lowest duty of fairness to the smallest, to the lowest of the truth, the people, it does not recognize the human dignity, that the whole does not recognize a free man or free thought." (The people who are indifferent to the least of obligations, to the least of fairness, to the least of truth … the people who do not recognise human dignity, who entirely defy a free man and a free thought.)
  10. Philosopher Vladimir Solovyov wrote: "Russian people, is in a very sorry state, He is sick, broke, demoralized." "And now we learn that it represented a significant part of its intellectuals, although it can not be formally insane, but is obsessed with false ideas bordering on greatness and manie manie hostility to him and all. Indifferent to their actual use and can be damaging, he imagines nonexistent dangers and build on the most ridiculous assumption. It seems that all they hurt his feelings, not bow to his greatness and strongly against him in wait. All of their home in an effort to blame it hurt him, to separate from it and move on to enemies, and their enemies, he finds all the neighbors … "

Let's look in detail:

1. Akademik Pavlov: "I must express my sad look on the Russian people — it has such a weak brain system that is not able to perceive reality as such. For him, there are only words. His reflexes are not coordinated with the actions, but with words. " 1932.

Pavlov did not say when or wrote anything like this.

1) In terms of physiology, the false quote attributed to Pavlov — absolutely amateurish. Even if we ignore completely delusional and Russophobic first sentence, after hearing that the old man Pavlov, without hesitation, would have spent the extra lobotomy brain inflammation author of this delusion — that, in the third postulated abnormal connection of the conditioned reflex and words. Although, even people far removed from science to understand — that the higher the neurophysiological organization of man — the more it is able to reflex action on the basis of speech. Apparently, the author of this quote is worse train dogs — just not able to coordinate their activities with the words.

2) Pay attention to use the word — "sad", it will be used below, which indicates that the product of lzhetsitaty work of one and the same person.

2. Alexei Tolstoy: "Muscovy — Russ taiga, Mongolian, wild, bestial."

Proven works Alexis and Alexei Konstantinovich

Never anything like the two writers do not speak or write.

Check to find the links below!

Complete works of both:

http://az.lib.ru/t/tolstoj_a_n/

http://az.lib.ru/t/tolstoj_a_k/

3. Fyodor Dostoevsky: "The people who wandered through Europe and looking for that you can destroy, destroy for the sake of entertainment."

The phrase is taken out of context. Dostoevsky critically reflects on the European perspective on the Russian.

Check to find the links below!

Diary of a Writer. 1876

http://az.lib.ru/d/dostoewskij_f_m/text_0480.shtml

I said that I do not like Russian in Europe. They do not like — about it, I do not think anyone argued, but, by the way, we are accused of Europe, all Russian, almost to a man, that we liberals are terrible, not only — revolutionaries and always, even with a kind of love, the slope adhere to destructive rather than to the conservative elements of Europe. For this we are looking at many Europeans derisively and down — hate: it is not clear to us what it is to be in someone else's reality deniers, they rob us of the positive law of the negation — on the basis that we do not recognize as belonging to a civilization. They see us as soon barbarians wobbly Europe and rejoicing that anything and anywhere can be destroyed — spoiled only for destruction, just for fun to see how it all falls apart, like a horde of savages, like the Huns, ready to wash over Ancient Rome and destroy the shrine, even without any idea of what kind of jewelry they destroy. That the Russian did most of Europe have declared themselves liberals — that is true, and even this is strange. Ask yourself who you when the question: why is this so? Why nearly nine-tenths of Russian, all our century, the culture in Europe, has always adhered to the layer of the Europeans, who was liberal, to the left, that is always to the side that she denied her same culture, our civilization is more or less of course (that rejects civilization in Thiers, and the fact that it denied the Paris Commune of '71 — very different)

4. Mikhail Bulgakov: "Do not the people, and cattle, ham, wild horde, murderers and villains."

Never anything like Bulgakov said and wrote.

Check to find the links below!

Complete Works:

http://www.lib.ru/BULGAKOW/

5. Maxim Gorky: "The most important success of the Russian people will accept is his sadistic cruelty".

Never anything like Gorky said and wrote.

Check to find the links below!

Complete Works:

http://az.lib.ru/g/gorxkij_m/

6. Ivan Aksakov, "Oh, how hard to live in Russia, in the center of smerdyuchem physical and moral depravity, dishonesty lies and villainy."

Phrase out of context and modified. Aksakov lamented the failure of Russia in the Crimean War and blames bribery.

Please note — the physical and moral depravity — no Russian, and even in times of Aksakov do not say. Russian language for the writer of this sentence is not a native, here we are confronted with this

Check to find the links below!

Letters to his family. (1849-1856)

http://az.lib.ru/a/aksakow_i_s/text_0160.shtml

We had to stand in a Little Russia, the Moldavian villages. Moldavian hut even cleaner and more beautiful Little Russia, no matter how poor Moldovans hut it cleaned carpets and various home skillful needlework fabrics, which do not even sell. However it all works for women, the woman in this part of the activity and the industrious and far above men. Omoldavanivshiysya crest ten times lazier indigenous crest. The owner of my hut, after serving submarine duty, two days overlooking ineffable bliss lay behind the stove, speaking only from time to time, when these sovereigns each Zamir! In general the whole of Bessarabia and Kherson province severely depleted and ruined by war and crop failure: there is no bread at all, and other foods, except hominy (corn), and then in small quantities, no. Wish all the world here, and the people, and warriors, among them swept and kept hearing that Austria takes us into the union, refusing to miss allies through Moldavia and Wallachia, and they are all happy to try and boast of the Austrians. War is so hard, so hard sacrifices to the instinctive confidence in their futility, without enthusiasm, that — no matter what the world now concluded is, he will be accepted and the people here, and nearly all the greater part of the troops happy. I'm talking here — in Russia is different. But in Russia somehow got used to failures. When the French landed in the Crimea, the idea that they can get all of Sevastopol, was horrified by the merchants Krolevetsky fair, and I remember as a rich man, old man eyes spoke with sincere warmth that if Sevastopol take, because after all, I will go and so on. Sevastopol was taken, he did not go, and go. — But further. — In Volonterovke, a village inhabited by the Danube Cossack troops, mostly Moldovans, we found only about 50 women, 700 men in the service. — Here in the boss Bender fortress commandant Lieutenant General Olszewski, a good man, Tolstoy, a Russian man in the full sense, ie representing a compound of courage, kindness, hospitality, simplicity, humility, that is an indispensable attribute of every Russian man of action, not a peasant community living. — Oh, how hard, how unbearably difficult at times to live in Russia, in this stinking mud environment, vulgarity, lies, deception, abuse, kind of small rascals Khlebosolov-graft, hospitable rogues — fathers and benefactors bribe! Not about Olszewski I write these lines, I do not know, but in my imagination brought all manner of management, all administrative machinations.

7. Ivan Turgenev: "The Russian is the largest and nainagleyshy liar in the whole world."

Never anything like Turgenev said and wrote.

Check to find the links below!

Complete Works:

http://az.lib.ru/t/turgenew_i_s/

8. Ivan Shmelev: "The people that hate will, loves bondage, loves chains on his hands and feet, dirty … physically and mentally ready at any moment to oppress everyone and everything."

Never anything like Shmelev said and wrote.

Please note again, as in the case with Aksakov uses the same phrase — physical and moral — no Russian, and even in times Shmeleva not say so. Russian language for the writer of this sentence is not a native, here we are confronted with this

Check to find the links below!

Complete Works:

http://www.lib.ru/RUSSLIT/SMELEW/

9. Alexander Pushkin: "The people are indifferent to the lowest duty of fairness to the smallest, to the lowest of the truth, the people, it does not recognize the human dignity, that the whole does not recognize a free man or free thought."

Never anything like Pushkin did not speak or write.

Quote Pushkin allegedly belonging contains semantic errors. That can only mean one thing — the Russian language for the writer of this sentence is not a native.

Check to find the links below!

Complete Works:

http://www.lib.ru/LITRA/PUSHKIN/

10. Philosopher Vladimir Solovyov wrote: "Russian people, is in a very sorry state, He is sick, broke, demoralized." "And now we learn that it represented a significant part of its intellectuals, although it can not be formally insane, but is obsessed with false ideas bordering on greatness and manie manie hostility to him and all. Indifferent to their actual use and can be damaging, he imagines nonexistent dangers and build on the most ridiculous assumption. It seems that all they hurt his feelings, not bow to his greatness and strongly against him in wait. All of their home in an effort to blame it hurt him, to separate from it and move on to enemies, and their enemies, he finds all the neighbors … "

Never anything like Solovyov said and wrote.

1) Pay attention to the use, as in the case of Pavlov, words — sad, suggesting that lzhetsitaty creative product of one and the same person.

2) Explicit metaphor (figurative imposition version), in its propaganda and psychotherapeutic understanding the events of August 2008 in the treatment of the Georgian authorities.

Check to find the links below!

Complete Works:

http://www.vehi.net/soloviev/index.html

Information exposure

We've all heard this word as propaganda and public relations, to put it simply public relations. Drop the discussion about how the two are different, better pay attention to what they have in common. In both cases, the two terms imply a certain production and delivery of certain messages crafted end listener or consumer. Thus the main objective of any promoter or PR specialist (as you like!) Is the projected change in the behavior or state of the end-user information, whether intolerable desire to fly airplanes certain airlines or the sudden appearance of positive emotions in relation to an organization, etc. etc.

The credibility of the information

Consumers of information, deliberately or unwittingly, always evaluate the accuracy of the information received, and the most important issue faced by PR in information exposure — providing confidence to the source of information on the part of the target audience. It's simple. Ask yourself the question, who is easier to convince you to go to any place which, say the store — is a stranger in the street, or your closest friend? The answer is obvious. In the first case, we have more reason to distrust and suspect improper intentions than in the second.
Back in ancient Greece, people think about the principles and methods of persuasion that eventually all this resulted in the emergence of an entire industry knowledge — rhetoric. After several centuries, these skills were successfully used in religious sermons in different parts of the world. And after a while the name was coined by the phenomenon of mass persuasion — propaganda. All would be well, and remained to the present day, had in the last century, at the end of World War II, some did not occur to distance himself from the hackneyed term advocacy through neutral and plausible-sounding concept — public relations. But be that as it was not — in its depth based public relations is still, the same, the ancient art of public speaking and persuasion.

What the ancients said about the trust and its role in the process of convincing? The greatest Greek of all time — Aristotle, highlighted in this issue are three reasons which, when presented together, lead us to believe without evidence. This is intelligence, integrity and a good attitude to us. In the process of development and socialization, as well as the acquisition of experience, a man convinced that others can not be trusted by one or more of these reasons. Aristotle believed that the false reasoning, the result of:

  1. unreasonableness of the speaker,
  2. or true reasoning of the individual, in consequence of his dishonesty is lying
  3. or reasonable and honest man, but bad relative to us can not give better advice, even though he knows what it is.

Are we going to trust the advice of an unreasonable person, but decent and is in good standing with us? A smart, but a liar? Or, for example, we believe a reasonable and decent, but grudge against us?

Now, it is worth mentioning about the famous and well-known personalities, whose statements we tend to trust without any evidence. These people tend to be long and hard, with the result proved all his wisdom and integrity, and for the most part, and a good attitude to society. That is deserved a certain authority. In PR for them there is a special term — opinion leaders. If you go deep into the jungle is quite science, the perception of authority is conditioned by the laws of the human mind, namely, the desire of the human mind to generalize. To this there are good reasons. We would probably have to spend more mental effort, forced to constantly think about the intentions, wisdom and decency people close to us — as we are doing estimating unknown or unfamiliar.

Discrediting the source

Now, how come experts in PR and propaganda in a tough competitive situation where the audience are struggling for consciousness two or more sources of information, and special rules governing not. I mean, the so-called information warfare, which are generally the product of infomatsionnogo provide specific political actions. In addition to a number of measures, promoters are trying to undermine the credibility of competing sources of information, at the same time raise the maximum rating of trust to his. Discredit the trust of the audience, thus increasing the probability of failure of the adoption of information, according to Aristotle, there are any doubts in the audience:

  1. Intelligence sources
  2. Integrity (honesty, ethics, appearance, etc.)
  3. Favourable (good intentions, good attitude to the target audience)

In light of this, it is useful to analyze the semantic orientation lzhetsitat for destabilization of confidence for each of the three parameters.

1. Akademik Pavlov: "I must express my sad look on the Russian people — it has such a weak brain system that is not able to perceive reality as such. For him, there are only words. His reflexes are not coordinated with the actions, but with words. " 1932.

Comment: doubts about the wisdom.

2. Alexei Tolstoy: "Muscovy — Russ taiga, Mongolian, wild, bestial."

Comment: Mongolian — associative reference to imperial conquest — doubts the good intentions, wild, animal — certainly in morality.

3. Fyodor Dostoevsky: "The people who wandered through Europe and looking for that you can destroy, destroy for the sake of entertainment."

Comment: doubts in morality, good attitude to the target audience in Europe.

4.Mihail Bulgakov: "Do not the people, and cattle, ham, wild horde, murderers and villains."

Comment: doubts in morality, good intentions.

5. Maxim Gorky: "The most important success of the Russian people will accept is his sadistic cruelty".

Comment: doubts in morality, good intentions.

6. Ivan Aksakov, "Oh, how hard to live in Russia, in the center of smerdyuchem physical and moral depravity, dishonesty lies and villainy."

Comment: doubts in morality.

7. Ivan Turgenev: "The Russian is the largest and nainagleyshy liar in the whole world."

Comment: doubt about the honesty.

8. Ivan Shmelev: "The people that hate will, loves bondage, loves chains on his hands and feet, dirty … physically and mentally ready at any moment to oppress everyone and everything."

Comment: doubts in morality, appearance, good intentions.

9. Alexander Pushkin: "The people are indifferent to the lowest duty of fairness to the smallest, to the lowest of the truth, the people, it does not recognize the human dignity, that the whole does not recognize a free man or free thought."

Comment: doubts in morality.

10. Philosopher Vladimir Solovyov wrote: "Russian people, is in a very sorry state, He is sick, broke, demoralized." "And now we learn that it represented a significant part of its intellectuals, although it can not be formally insane, but is obsessed with false ideas bordering on greatness and manie manie hostility to him and all. Indifferent to their actual use and can be damaging, he imagines nonexistent dangers and build on the most ridiculous assumption. It seems that all they hurt his feelings, not bow to his greatness and strongly against him in wait. All of their home in an effort to blame it hurt him, to separate from it and move on to enemies, and their enemies, he finds all the neighbors … "

Comment: doubts about the wisdom, morality, and good intentions.

Obviously, each lzhetsitata carries a mortgaged creators semiotic message, with the task of implementing the consciousness of the ultimate target audience finely crafted myth, the adoption of which the object of communicative action — exclude in principle any form of manifestation of confidence in the Russian and Russia. The structure of the myth, just replace or distort the three basic parameters of trust as a factor in the uptake.

Another aspect that needs to be paying attention — lzhetsitaty attributed prominent figures of literature and science, well known not only in Russia, but of course, all over the world, that is, with a significant and well-deserved reputation, and therefore have the necessary credibility by default ( is, among other things, as experts of their people). — Which greatly enhances the effectiveness of this communication message aimed at discrediting the credibility of information messages emanating not only from the official authorities of Russia, but also from the individual citizen in particular. (Assuming that the target audience — the addressee of this message — foreign)

Thus, taking into account the careful preparation of the English version of lzhetsitat, and identifying clear internal organization of semiotic expression, it can be concluded that the target audiences attempted propaganda impact is the population of Western countries, as well as Russian-speaking foreign countries. The need for such action by the initializer problems caused by the introduction into the mass consciousness of mythological figures — persistent discredit any political action of Russia.

Shame — the best weapon of information warfare

The cornerstone of effective communicative impact, leading to a fantastic performance by its results — certainly a shame. Personally, I would call it — a magic wand employees engineering of human souls. In modern psychology, there are many definitions of the emotional state. But still suggest staying on the Aristotelian definition. Specifically, shame — a kind of suffering on the evils of the present, past and future, which seems to imply disgrace. What is the appeal of it for PR professionals in information wars? Well, at least, feel shame very unpleasant. You probably can remember a couple of instances in your life when you were ashamed. Not a very comfortable feeling?

It is human nature to take every opportunity to ensure that-be to avoid such conditions. This is a very well known … sellers! I once saw in a jewelry store, the saleswoman behind the counter pretended tired to answer customer questions and said, "Well, you have my head fool .. So tell me, you can not afford it. " Naturally, the man went to the purchase. Although very dissatisfied. In this situation, the buyer got dilemma — feel shame before the seller (some infamy) or the return is already lost, mythical respect to which we are counting initially establishing contact, having an implicit offer to buy, spending last savings to the detriment of their own interests. How shame determines our behavior in public, well illustrated study of conformity (the effect of subordination to popular belief), held within the framework of social psychology. If 10-respected and has the authority for the subject, people will argue with the belief that white is black and black is white, in more than half of the cases the subjects agree, thanks to a strong motivation to avoid shame associated with the "loss of face" in the presence those whose opinion of themselves they do not care.

In the same way, and in the wider communicative influence, very good idea to help the target audience to achieve the emotional state of shame, that, in itself, will make vysokovnushaemoy audience that is willing to accept, in fact, any suggestion from the outside, from the entity that initiated the state of frustration, just to compensate for the resulting internal discomfort. In this context, the question is legitimate, what emotional distress experienced, a Russian citizen, reading such things, supposedly from the pen of a very respected compatriots? I believe that the prevailing feeling of the whole set of feelings to be ashamed. Therein lies, and I will not be exaggerating if I say a threat to national security of any state, as does the population dependent on external approval.

Hence, the second important component of communicative impact through the provision lzhetsitat is the management of public opinion in Russia, because the achievement of emotional feelings of shame all across the nation, and increased levels of self-reflection, seriously increases the chances of a desirable customer point of view.

Output

Thus, a collection of famous people lzhetsitat Russia — inspired by and distributed by man, at least not living in Russia, and the Russian language for which is not native, and difficulty with vocabulary and a distinct lack in education, this subject is not allowed to refuse even the cliches to write 10 sentences.

A simple analysis of the dates appear in Google search index this lie, showed that:

(I.) Quotes, allegedly belonged to prominent men of science and literature, on the site, where there are forms of free to add comments, and all publication dates not earlier 07.2008, that is a massive attack of lies and slander began about a month before the barbaric destruction of the people of South Ossetia

(II.) The starting point is the distribution lzhetsitatnika Tbilisi pro-government website sakartvelo.info.

Hence, the massive stuffing lzhetsitat famous Russians, the Internet, was made a month before the planned military intervention in the Georgian army on the territory of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, as an information security event, and had as its primary objective the formation of public opinion in the West and the former Soviet Union Georgian government in the right way, which was an important step on the blockade and neutralization of possible military-political responses Russia. The second important task can be called an attempt to provoke a sense of shame of Russians, with subsequent projection vysokosuggestivnyh states, in parallel with the fixation on his version of events. It is safe to say that the scope of information influence the regime of Saakashvili during the August events, were much broader than lzhetsitat work, so the objectives, methods and means of the information war are yet to light.

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