The world's largest reservoir of fresh water is fraught with not less puzzles than the Scottish Loch Ness
Lake Baikal in the southern part of Eastern Siberia — the world's largest reservoir of fresh water in the 23,000 cubic kilometers. This is 20 percent of the world total. It has been around for 30 million years, and despite the best efforts of scientists to unravel its secrets, Baikal reluctant to part with their secrets.
Photo: RIA Novosti
On the largest island of the lake Olkhon (area of 730 square kilometers) discovered an ancient masonry without any bonding material. It stretches for about 300 meters, cutting off the headland jutting out into the water. Scientists refer to the construction of the ancient culture kurykan ages 5-10, but there is no precise evidence of this. Perhaps it was a religious building, which was built around the sacred places — in favor of this version can be found by archaeologists testify behind a wall of an ancient burial site.
According to another version, these have served to strengthen the protection of the enemies on the east side of the wall are clearly visible remains of the moat dug vertically and two-meter flat stones that could be used for defense against the advancing enemy soldiers.
There are still a mystery, even for experienced fishermen Baikal winds. Going out into the sea (as the locals call Baikal), they will never know that they are there waiting — storm or calm. Hurricane winds can suddenly descend even on a calm sunny day.
The whole point, perhaps in the special geographical position lakes surrounded by mountains Baikal is a huge cavity. And many times the winds strengthened from time to time manage to break through to this cup because of the mountain ranges.
The reason field of one of the worst winds on Lake Baikal, which is called sarma — tapering to the mouth of the valley of the same river Sarma. An effect of the wind tunnel and escaped from it with tremendous force wind hits the lake, drowning the innocent fishermen.
Not everyone is aware that the Baikal are mirages in the desert. On a sunny day, the traveler can see the mountain, the ship or the village, heading to and deceived.
Hot summer days here a little, so what are we to explain this unique natural phenomenon? Despite the chilly weather, the lack of sun at Baikal can not complain — it shines 2,500 hours a year, like in Spain. And sometimes 10-15 days, when in hot air there are various illusions. The sun's rays are reflected from the water, creating a blur and silhouettes that can deceive the observer.
Cape Burhan — the card of Lake Baikal, without his pictures do not do any photo album. Its main attraction — a rock with two vertices of white marble rocks, entirely covered with red lichen. It is called Shaman rock and is considered one of the holy places of Asia. According to legend, she stayed oldest and the strongest of the thirteen local spirits. In the rock there is a through cave in which committed shamanic rituals, and later was a Buddhist sanctuary.
The ancient shamanic traditions still affect people living near the lake, intricately woven into their life today. On the lake Olkhon, which Buryat legend, there is the abode of menacing spirits of Lake Baikal, every year a festival of shamans from all over Russia. According to legend, the island is the tomb of Genghis Khan.
However, not only presents the history of the puzzle. A recent expedition submersibles "Mir", which sank to the bottom of the lake, perhaps, has found traces of the legendary gold reserves of Tsarist Russia, the so-called gold Admiral Kolchak.