… Egypt, Libya, Tunisia — all of this is true and distracts from our Russian history.
But there are things that should not be forgotten.
They certainly need to keep in mind.
No wonder the death of the North-Western Army — a taboo in modern Estonia.
Let us remember that after all was happening on the ground Estonia immediately after its formation in 1918.
I recall that at the time when our country won over a piece of land from the Baltic, Sweden, which in turn took away the land Estonians at the Livonian Order, that of the country in the history of the world ever had.
According to the Treaty of Nystad in 1721, Our homeland defeated Sweden paid a monetary compensation for the acquired land at the rate of 2 million gold thalers (efimok). In other words, bought the land, which is now housed in Estonia, in Sweden.
No one has ever exposed the legality of their possession of the Russian crown.
As part of the "prison of nations" — Russian Empire — self-Estonians grown to such a level that by the beginning of the twentieth century, they felt themselves a separate nation. Or, more likely, they did not feel anything, because no liberation movement in the area of the future of Estonia in the Russian Federation was not royal. In Poland it was in Finland was, it was in the Transcaucasia. But we still need to ask for forgiveness from our neighbors. For the "backward" and "uncivilized" Our homeland is not used to the population connected Baltic standards adopted at the time around the "civilized world." Should apologize for the fact that, like the Apaches and the Mohicans, Estonians have moved from our evil land on the pages of novels of James Fenimore Cooper, that only there and be preserved in the memory of grateful descendants. He asks for forgiveness and lack of individual reservations — without them, as would be a shame as it sounds, "civilized world" treat at the time could not, and our homeland they have not started a.
And then … came the first global war, the February and October revolutions. Under the terms of the Peace of Brest Estonia once again changed the owner, came under the power of the German Kaiser. February 24, 1918 Estonia declares its own independence, to be more precise, it makes a bunch of politicians that no one chose, a few hours before the entry of German troops in Tallinn.
Under the scepter of the Kaiser Estonia becomes a puppet state, which is placed at the head of a German prince. But, just in Berlin, there was a revolution, as in Tallinn thought it best to change the form of statehood again. And the owner. This is to become the manager of the Baltic lands Allies, focusing on that Estonians are starting to build their government.
Well, can not be independent and sovereign government, which has no army and the police, just to protect yourself! Because the coming of the Red Army began in autumn 1918 very rapidly reduces the area of the "independent" Estonia. Only the intervention of the British fleet helps keep the Estonian capital of the Bolsheviks. A major role in their expulsion from the territory of the country novoprovozglashennoy play Russian White Guard formations. This so-called North-Western army, which, under the command of General Iudenich history will attempt to capture the reddish Petrograd.
It is no longer enough people remember how repaid "sovereign" Estonia, dance to the tune of English and French offices, their Russian liberators in the autumn and winter of 1919-1920.
By mid-November 1919 Small White Guard army General Iudenich was completely thrown from the walls of Petrograd. Almost all of it came out because of the betrayal of the Estonian troops, suddenly dropped out of the front. But it is not about that. Broken snow-white army quickly retreated to the border of the Republic of Estonia novoprovozglashennoy. Specifically, with its area Iudenich soldiers sent to liberate Petrograd Bolsheviks before knocking on the Estonian land.
"By the 14th November 1919 Yudenitch was completely broken down, and its army went to the Estonian border and was interned "- so they write the history books. For a beautiful foreign word "internment" hiding a terrible truth. The Estonian government actually starve the soldiers of the North-western army and a huge number of civilian refugees horrible death. Coming up to the border units of the White Army and civilian refugees in the area of Estonia is not allowed. "Defeated, completely demoralized white were pushed to the Estonian border — says Lev Davidovich Trotsky, in his book" My Life ". — As they crossed it, the Estonian government disarmed them. In London and Paris, and none of them remembered. The fact that yesterday was the Northwest Allied army, now perished from cold and hunger. "
A few days people spent the night in a fierce frost on the ground. "… Russian regiments are not skipped over wire fencing of the Estonians. Ledeneyut heaps of people that night, "- wrote the majestic Russian writer Kuprin, he was in a dying army.
The soldiers, adult men can survive most of the frozen — it's ladies and kids.
In the end, the terrain begins to pass Estonia. Small batches, stabbing through the wire. All instrument gives up, and that's just the beginning. Estonian soldiers directly in the cold strip fighter taking off his new English overcoat, taking valuables and gold crosses and rings. After that, people have to Narva station-2 in rooms 2-vacant factories. Around them again Stitching wire. So it should be, because these factories, in fact, a concentration camp! Conditions in the camp of the Estonian worse than a Nazi: no beds, blankets, warm clothes. No drugs, no nothing at all!
Near the ways there are thousands of cars with property ailing Russian army. There's all this is, but the commander of the Estonian Army, General Laidoner ordered the requisition compositions and their contents in favor of Estonia. "With refugees from Petrograd province, the number of which had more than 10 thousand, treated worse than the livestock. They were forced to lie in the days of bitter cold steel sleepers on the road, "- said the witness of horror was going on in Estonia.
Vain protests Iudenich — his army of "allies" sentenced. Talab regiment of snow-white, leading battles with the advancing reddish, went to the Estonian border last. The soldiers and officers ran across the ice on the Estonian side and, as has been discussed, passed the gun. But in Estonia, they were not allowed, and by giving machine guns, drove back! On the other side were already Bolsheviks. Under fire from both sides of the entire regiment died.
In other "lucky", found himself in Estonia, fate was not much better. In the conditions of the Estonian concentration camps outbreak of typhoid. From him killed thousands of people. In the shelves there were at 700 — 900 patients at 100 — 150 healthy, the number of patients, have not been placed in hospitals, reached 10 thousand, the total number of cases was 14 thousand Relief from Estonians did not have any. Only when the fever went beyond the boundaries of Russian barracks, the authorities began to decide measures. There are simple and hygienic means … mass graves. "When the order was given to clean the barracks and hospitals from the corpses, they piled into wagons in several tiers, top covered with hay, taken out of the city and dumped on the so-called" field rigor
"- wrote Russian historian NA Kornatovky in the book" Fighting Reddish for Petrograd. "
"As in Narva and outside North Westerners killed by the epidemic typhus-points terror witness SV Ratsevich. — I will never forget strshnuyu picture, opened to me … One by one, in a cemetery in Siversgauzen trucks raced to the naked skeletons, slightly veiled torn tarpaulins, sails rise to the top. The bodies were somehow sketched. "
So Estonia met anyone who has promoted free it from the Bolsheviks. The painting, as in Auschwitz and Dachau — this is the foundation of Estonian independence.
The last Minister of the Provisional Government Gutchkoff Churchill wrote a letter of protest: "… from Estonia carried out mass evictions of Russian subjects without explaining the circumstances, and even without warning … The Russian people in these provinces powerless, helpless and infirm. Young people and governments of the Baltic countries quite intoxicated with the wine of the state independence and political freedom. "
Churchill did not respond. Well, what to say to him? Who cares about the Russian, when there is a rapid construction of national states? Had such atrocities against the Poles or Estonians to himself — would be a reason povozmuschatsya. Russian genocide, much less who wanted to save their country, attention and concern is not worthy. The same picture, the same double standards we see today. Why are silent Western Democrats? Where to stare our defenders? Why seek out "speck" in their own homeland, not noticing the "logs" in the eyes of the Baltic neighbors?
By the end of … February 1920 army Iudenich ceased to exist. The total number of survivors of the Russian fever was 15 thousand people. They are ragged, exhausted and do not have any work. But izymatelstva and destruction of the surviving soldiers of Russia on this has not been completed. 2nd March 1920 the Estonian Constituent Assembly passed a law on the 2-month of mandatory forestry work for all men between 18 and 50 years old, the same does not hold any difficulty. The total number of mobilized "by coincidence" was defined as the time in 15 thousand people! In other words, the new law applied only to Russian White Guards. The Estonian government almost sent them to prison!
It is not an exaggeration. Attenuated typhoid people are sent to cut forest. Laws that determine wages and production quota, no military hack and saw trees can not. In the day they earn 10 Estonian brands and the power of 1 person is 50. "Mobilized lived from hand to mouth, they quickly wore out odezhka — wrote NA Kornatovky. — Placement of the workers and the sanitary conditions were vile. In the barracks, there was a terrible gryazyuka, the weight of insect pests, cold, dampness. Bath was a rarity, and laundry soap — a dream. "
And on this izymatelstva Estonian authorities have not ended. The rare survivors were able to stay in independent Estonia. Russian survived out of the country exactly the same manner as the oppressed at the moment — not given citizenship. Estonians get Estonian passport and forever free. Russian emigrants had to take for himself a passport and residence permit for a 6-month period. No gain for the money — you threatened to fine and deportation. If you want to get a constant nationality, the situation is not much better. When Russian trying to get it, then usually get rejected: from 2538 the Estonian authorities to satisfy claims 150! And coupled with the statement to be paid over 2000 Estonian stamps. In case of cancellation will not be refunded, just like in modern South American Embassy.
Pripiraniya started against non-Estonians in virtually all areas. Already in 1920 we will see the same phenomena, as now: at concerts in Tallinn allowed to show more than 50% of the rooms Russian artists. The Russian language is subjected to harassment and discrimination. Russian lawyers denied the right to practice Russian doctors must confirm their diplomas. But Estonia was until 1918 the Russian province, and diplomas in all areas of the country were the same …
The conclusion from all these facts is imposed trivial. "Sovereign" and then Estonia and is now completely non-self-government, as to the detriment of its own citizens and the economy shows no desire to have good relations with its huge neighbor.
Who's behind her back? Who should encourage Russia?
If you are not able to answer this question, I will formulate it differently. Who was the main geopolitical enemy Russian empire? Who was the main antagonist of Russian Union? Who currently wish to subdue the Russian Federation's own influence?
I think that at least some of the readers will be able to answer this question without the help of others.
PS According to historians, from a typhus epidemic killed about four thousand officials of the North-Western Army and civilian officials. They are buried, in the main, in Narva.
Graves of soldiers of the North-Western Army for a long time were in disrepair. Most recently, with the active support of Russian history enthusiasts, it has become a kind of tribute to take.
Near the graves of soldiers of the Estonian Army, also died of typhus. On the gravestones … entirely Russian surnames. That's the Estonian army here …
Not all the names of the dead time in Narva known. Synodicon not yet complete. The work lasts. The memory of those who fought for Russia, who gave his life for her, a very important for our future.
Those who wish to assist Andres hip, which voluntarily took over the military cemetery caretaker Narva can contact him at this address: firstname.lastname@example.org