Horrible, before whom powerless and fiery thunder molneverzhtsa
Aegis ("Agis" etc. Gr.) — A fabulous shield of Athena and Zeus, according to legend, made from the skin of a magical goat Amaltei. In the center of the shield is attached head of Medusa the Gorgon, his gaze turns people to stone. Universal tool for attacking and defending assist Zeus in the battle with the Titans.
In 1983, the oceans was a new battle ship. At the stern, waving in the wind, a large banner «Stand by admiral Gorshkov:" Aegis "- at sea!» (Beware of the Admiral Gorshkov! "Aegis" in the sea!). So, with luscious star-striped pathos, began his service missile cruiser USS Ticonderoga (CG-47).
"Ticonderoga" was the first ship in the world *, equipment, combat information and control system "Aegis" ("Aegis"). CICS "Aegis" provides simultaneous tracking of hundred square meters of surface, ground, underwater and aerial targets, their selection and automatic guidance guns ship to the most insecure sites. Official sources have stressed that the "Aegis" air defense compound displays the ships of the U.S. Navy to a new level: from now on, no anti-ship missile, even at a mass start, will not be able to break through supertehnologichnogo "shield" cruiser "Ticonderoga".
At the current time CICS "Aegis" is set to 5 107 Navy ships of the world. In the 30 years of its existence, the system of command and control has acquired such an abundance of horror stories and legends that she would envy even Greek mythology. As befits a true hero, "Aegis" repeated "12 labors of Hercules."
A feat first. "Aegis" overcomes airliner
Streaked across the sky a fiery arrow, and flight 655 airlines Air Iran disappeared from radar screens. Missile cruiser «Vincennes» U.S. Navy successfully repulsed an air attack … George Bush Sr., who was then vice-president, generously said: "I will never apologize for America. Principal, what were the facts »(« I will never apologize for the United States of America, I don't care what the facts are »).
Tanker war, the Gulf of Hormuz. Of early afternoon, July 3, 1988, a missile cruiser USS «Vincennes» (CG-49), protecting the Danish tanker "Kar Maersk", came into the fight with eight boats of the Naval forces of Iran. In pursuit of the boats, the South American sailors violated the border of Iranian territorial waters, and, in a catastrophic accident, at which point the cruiser appeared on the radar unidentified aerial target.
"Airbus' A-300 airlines Air Iran commit to a permanent morning flight from Bandar Abbas — Dubai. A simple route: climb 4000 meters — straight flight — landing, travel time — 28 minutes. In the forthcoming, deciphering find the "black box" showed that the pilots heard a warning from the South American cruisers, but do not consider themselves "unidentified aircraft". Flight 655 was going to meet his own death on board during this time were 290 people.
Going on a low-altitude airliner was identified as an Iranian F-14 fighter. A year earlier, in similar circumstances, "Mirage" Iraqi Air Force shot down a South American frigate "Stark", then killed 37 sailors. The commander of the cruiser «Vincennes» knew that they had violated the border of another country's territorial waters, because the Iranian attack aircraft seemed the most logical consequence. It was necessary to urgently make a decision. At 10:54 local time on the guide beams launcher Mk26 were filed two anti-aircraft missiles "Standard 2" ….
After the disaster, the Pentagon's leading expert David Parnas complained to the press that "our very best computer can not distinguish from close range airliner by the destroyer."
"We were that the system" Aegis "the most beautiful in the world and such, simply can not happen" — indignantly said Rep. Patricia Shrouder.
The end of this sordid history was extraordinary. In the magazine «New Republic» (Washington) published an article following wording: "We apologize to our Russian Union for a cheap response to the 1983 shot down over the Sea of Okhotsk South Korean Boeing 747. One can argue endlessly about the similarities and differences between 2-incidents. Our victims were in the air over a war zone. The victims were in the air over the Russian territory. (What if the mysterious aircraft appeared in the sky of California?) At this point, it becomes more and more natural: our response to the South Korean plane shot down — part of mercantilist propaganda and the result of technological arrogance to say: that of us could never happen. "
The feat of the second. "Aegis" asleep at his post.
The crossing, river crossing. Guns beating in the pitch darkness. This battleship "Missouri" winter NIGHT MODE 24 February 1991 crushes the advanced units of the Iraqi army, sending shell after shell from own Straseni 406 mm guns. The Iraqis do not remain in debt — from the shore into the battleship flying two anti-ship missiles "Haiying-2" (Chinese copy of the Russian P-15 missile "Termite" Extended Range)
"Aegis", it's your time! "Aegis», HELP! But the "Aegis" idle, stupid blinking its lights and monitors. None of missile cruisers belonging to the naval forces of the U.S. Navy, did not respond to the danger. The situation was rescued ship Her Majesty "Gloucester" — with most of the short distance cut down a British destroyer "Haiying" with SAM «Sea Dart» — fragments of Iraqi missiles fell into the water about 600 meters from the side of "Missouri" (the first case of a successful intercept in combat criteria antiship by SAM missiles). Realizing that impose on its own escort neputny no longer make sense, the crew of the battleship began to shoot the chaff — with their second missile was led away to the side (in another version — ASM "Haiying-2" itself fell into the water).
Naturally, the two anti-ship missiles did not represent a severe threat to the battleship pachyderm — armor plates 30 cm wide tightly covered the crew and equipment. But the fact that the work of "Aegis" destroyer of old performed using anti-aircraft missile system, developed in the middle of the 60s, suggests the idea that the ultra-modern "Aegis" mundane task failed. South American sailors do not comment on this event, although a number of professionals expressed the view that the Aegis cruiser-operated in the other two, because could not find the goal — Iraqi anti-ship missiles were flying below their radio horizon. And the "Gloucester" was specifically to escort the battleship "Missouri" because the time has come to the rescue.
"Gloucester" — British destroyer type 42, it sistershipy "Sheffield" and "Coventry" without fame died in the Falklands War. Total displacement of the ships of the project — 4,500 tonnes, De facto, this small frigates.
There could finish the story about the adventures of the U.
S. Navy in the Persian Gulf, but, at the time of the rocket attack, battle group battleship "Missouri" happen more ridiculous PE — anti-aircraft defense "Phalanx", set in the South American frigate "Dzherret" took one of the dipoles at the RCC and gun opened fire to kill. Simply put, the frigate made a «friendly fire», firing the battleship "Missouri" of the six-barrel cannon. And the "Aegis", of course, has nothing to do with it, chocolate or what is not povinet.
The feat of the third. "Aegis" flies into space
Flies are obviously not very CICS, and anti-aircraft missile RIM-161 «Standard-3" under the close supervision of "Aegis". Summary: The idea of SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative) has not disappeared anywhere — America as before dreaming of a "missile shield". First, the 2000s was designed chetyrehstupnaya anti-aircraft missile "Standard-3" for destroying warheads of ballistic missiles and gallakticheskih satellites in low-Earth orbit. Specifically, they have become a bone of contention in the question of the deployment of U.S. missile defense system in Eastern Europe (still pose a great danger "Standard-3" sea-based — mobile and elusive Aegis system, but the discussion of this difficulty is not enthusiasm for politicians).
February 21, 2008 over the Pacific Ocean was accomplished rocket and satellite extravaganza — Rocket "Standard-3", launched from the Aegis cruiser, «Lake Erie» headed for its target at an altitude of 247 km. South American spy satellite USA-193 was moving at that time at a rate of 27 thousand km / h.
Crush — not to build. How unfortunate it did not sound, in this case saying is not true. Disable the device gallaktichesky niskolechko not easier than to build it and run into orbit. Shoot down a satellite rocket — vseravno that get bullet with a bullet. And we did it!
But there is one aspect. "Aegis" made its own feat, shooting at targets with previously known path — the Yankees have enough time (hours, days are?) To find the characteristics of the affected satellite orbits, to push the ship to a suitable point of the oceans, and at the right moment to press the button " Start ". Because interception gallakticheskogo satellite does not have many things to missile defense. But, as the Chinese proverb says: very very long and difficult journey begins with the first step. And this step is already made — South American spice managed to make a very mobile, a cheap and effective missile system, whose characteristics allow the energy to shell targets in low-Earth orbit. Already in real time, the U.S. Navy can "pereschelkat" the entire constellation of "potential enemy", and the number of Russian satellites in orbit comparable small in comparison with the supplies of interceptor missiles "Standard-3".
The feat of the fourth. "Aegis" comes out on-sparing
And climbs right in heart of Europe — a fabulous Czech Republic, a country of majestic castles and excellent foamy drink. No, "Aegis" does not come crawling for beer: Poland, Czech Republic and Hungary have expressed their willingness to place on its territory elements of the U.S. missile defense system. By 2015, the expected emergence of more effective 1st facility in Romania.
As we mentioned, the passions of the ABM is not worth the candle. If the interceptor missiles are aimed against Russia, it turns out that they are worthless. The line of flight movements Russian ICBM is through the North Pole — in this case the interceptor "Standard-3" from the Czech Republic to shoot vdogon that does not give them any chance of success. "Aegis" and "Standard-3" should be placed on Svalbard or Greenland — then they turn into really workable "shield." And why no one directs attention that 22 U.S. Navy ship equipped interceptor missiles already in place? This is an alarming sign, the U.S. get control of the near-Earth space.
Perhaps we omit the story of the exploits of others "Aegis" — they are completely non-personal, and do not bore the reader with monotonous enumeration of facts and conclusions fully predstkazuemymi. "Aegis" was created as a defensive anti-aircraft system, really — set of weapons cruisers "Ticonderoga" first series consisted only of anti-aircraft missiles and anti-submarine missile-torpedoes. Two quadruple launchers of anti-ship missiles, "Harpoon" were used for decorative purposes — according to the American doctrine of the sea battle, the value in the fight against surface targets had a deck-based aircraft.
But everything changed with the emergence of a vertical launcher Mark-41 — with its help, Aegis ships, reincarnated as a really harsh combat units. OHR Mark-41 and new ammunition without some difficulties have been integrated into the "Aegis", indeed, does not require a lot of effort to "upload" in memory of cruise missiles "Tomahawk" coordinates of the start and the place of destination, a map of the underlying relief on the route of flight. Such acts do not require complex calculations and produce instant solutions, it is logical that the Aegis ships, not once were involved in the attacks on ground targets, and successfully made such combat missions — fifty "Hatchet" in shock variant destroyer "Arleigh Burke" — as here- just enough to make the 10-ka "feats" to the glory of democratic values.
Jokes jokes, but only a very trusting person can assert that "Aegis" is a harmless virus as a fighting system that is no good. Any system characterizes not a mistake, but the error response — after the first "feats" "Aegis" the company Lokheed-Martin spent a lot of work on the bugs — you change the interface of the system, constantly being upgraded radar AN/SPY-1 and computer command center received new ships assortment of weapons: a winged assassin "Tomahawk" anti-munition ASROC-VL, interceptor anti-ship missiles in the near zone RIM-162 «Evolved Sea Sparrow Missle», antiaircraft rocket with active homing "Standard-6" and, of course, anti-satellite "Standard-3". And most importantly — training of the crew, without the person no matter what technique just a pile of scrap metal.
Lokheed Martin leads the next number, evaluating the results of thirty years of operation of the "Aegis": the true time-107 Aegis ships had a total of 1,250 years in the military campaigns around the world, in the process of testing and launch a war ships were fired more than 3,800 missiles of various types. It would be naive to assume that the Americans have not learned anything over this time period.
And yet, the evidence they say that the U.S. Navy is not going to rely on a complicated and unreliable "Aegis". The main efforts in the fight against low-flying anti-ship missiles are not aimed at their specific intercept, and the opposition media PKR — ships, aircraft and submarines to keep them out on the attack range. And the "Aegis" — only just the last limit.
* The first ship on which the system was installed "Aegis" was a floating laboratory "Norton Sound."