U.S. policy in the Caspian Sea basin is focused on the prevalence in the region, the intensification of contradictions and the creation of an anti-Russian and anti-Iranian military-strategic bridgehead.
Also significant is the fact that three of the five Caspian countries — Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan — are the most challenging northern boundary of the Great Near East (GME), as part of 30 years of "great" strategy (grand strategy) of the new macro-region of the Greater Middle East North Africa to Kazakhstan and India, inclusive, coinciding with the CENTCOM — Central Command of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Marine outpost against Iran
Nepokorlivoy emerging power in the Greater Middle East is Iran. Accordingly, the actions of the U.S. towards Iran on the ground determined by the GME-known principle of "Anaconda": complete encirclement of Iran with his next strangulation. Task of creation of Caspian buffer zone between Iran and Russia — constantly divide them, to drive in, so to speak, a wedge between them through strategically fundamental and very sensitive place of the Caspian sea.
Of course: the gap itself ligament Our homeland — Iran has a base value of extra-regional powers to ensure a dominant position in the Caspian Sea.
To break this ligament in almost all are provided and two other U.S. project the artificial construction of new macro-regions: Greater Central Asia and the Caspian-Black Sea region, which cut Russia and Iran from each other in the transverse direction immediately to the right and the left.
Housed U.S. State Department report to Congress on the economical financing military operations abroad in 2012, has caused another burst of enthusiasm to the dilemma of the militarization of the Caspian Sea and has become evidence of systemic actions of the U.S. organization here maritime outpost against Iran.
According to the report, Washington, DC, because of "the growing importance of security in the Caspian Sea oil and gas rich region," wants to contain Iran and the Russian Federation, arming their neighbors (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan) on the Caspian Sea. Of course, what we are talking not just about the flat militarization of the region, and about cobbling together a run of the Caspian military bloc led by the United States.
So, concerning Azerbaijan, more advanced in naval affairs notes that "the United States will continue to work with the Azerbaijani Navy to increase the security of the Caspian Sea, professor of military education, the expansion of the role of skills in joint peacekeeping operations and to facilitate the promotion of operational compatibility with NATO … "In the future, Washington believes that Azerbaijan will be involved in NATO. Already at this time by the U.S. division of Azerbaijan made a naval special purpose. It is expected that this part of the armament soon added the special means of production of the NATO states. Anyway, in this center with instructors subversive and intelligence units of the U.S. Navy SEAL. As part of the Coast Guard of Azerbaijan (which is perhaps a more developed structure than the fleet) are patrol boat S-201 (the last boat U.S. Coast Guard type Point), two small American patrol boats S-11 and S-12 type Silver Ship. Azerbaijan also has boats RIB-36 production for the transfer of U.S. special forces.
Kazakhstan, the U.S. wants to assist in the modernization of naval aviation, and it is already on its armed helicopters (Huey II) produced in the USA, which should "enhance the ability of Kazakh soldiers for the protection of fundamental energy infrastructure and responding to danger Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea." Earlier in 2010, the United States has transferred to Kazakhstan four landing craft on a grant basis by programmke five-year plan of cooperation between the Ministries of Defense and the United States. Even earlier, in 2005, was accomplished in Aktau official transfer of 3 American 42-foot boats built Defender type of Safe Boat International. In addition, in 2006, South Korea passed the Naval Forces of Kazakhstan three patrol boats (patrol boats of the type Sea Dolphin) displacement of 150 tonnes, in fact, particularly since 2006, began the history of the modern Navy RK.
It may be that the U.S. is also indirectly involved in the modernization of the Navy Kazakhstan through joint Kazakh-Azerbaijani applets. For example, in 2008 the military control of Kazakhstan has agreed to prepare special forces personnel of the sea in Kazakhstan on the basis of reconnaissance and sabotage center Navy Azerbaijan.
In Turkmenistan, just beginning to transform the government with the Navy, Washington plans to take on the organization of local training of sailors in the British language programs from within the IMET (International Military Education and Training). In addition, "U.S. assistance will be targeted at promoting the nascent Turkmen naval capability that will contribute to the security of the Caspian Sea." In general, the funds Applets zabugornogo Military Financing (Foreign Military Financing — FMF) and conduct training inside the country in the British language United States looks forward to the upcoming expansion of cooperation.
Amount of financing
The absolute amount of funding is clearly not create special vpechatleniyapo compared, for example, with a trillion dollars that we spent over the past 10 years for operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. But from the standpoint of substantive problems and ways to act is completely harsh amount permitted by the United States to create an overarching infrastructure to ensure the conduct of military operations.
It is understood by all specialist care. Some political analysts have even read about the "transformation of the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf analogue", as the "Big Oil is often a prerequisite for great wars."
It seems that the organization of the U.S. Navy base is of mandatory solutions for the full range of tasks and the U.S. Central Command in the region, as the overarching framework to ensure the conduct of military operations does not include the need for a similar base. Fully support rather Fri, obeying the command of the local national or, at the U.S. Department of Defense official terminology, the cooperative security object (a Cooperative Security Location, CSL) or progressive, forward operating area (a Forward Operating Site, FOS), which is errant constant number of U.S. military personnel.
Do not be redundant and to draw attention to the statements of another previous U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld in 2006 to develop, together with Azerbaijan, a special team Fri (Command Post), that with all this emphasis was different from the military base. It seems ridiculous that the publication pro-post this item missing from the Archives has published a note about this newspaper Washington Times.
But even before the threshold torque with the creation of the U.S. Navy base, which I would like to hope, will not come, organized by the U.S. unemployment rate and the militarization of the Caspian Sea are the very highest and is currently let talk about the sharp destabilization of the region, the militarization of the transition to the new militarnoe quality.
Quickly constructed and modernized fleets of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan are of great significance, but are only part of the whole system of military-strategic bridgehead USA.
In 1-x, fundamental to the strike of the Caspian Sea has a network of bases in the region, first in Afghanistan and Iraq, and also, perhaps, over time, in the states of the South Caucasus.
In-2, due to the known type of South American way of war, with an emphasis on proximity and gallakticheskie
air strikes has made crucial to the true time-scale control system of air space over the Caspian Sea.
Quite to point out that according to press reports, the U.S. and Azerbaijan for three years back there were three tracking stations for air travel, and in the Russian Federation and Azerbaijan — one, the Gabala with outdated equipment, seriously inferior to the mobile stations of companies "Nor trails" and " Lockheed Martin. "
Caspian Flotilla — not a threat to Iran
In general, up to now in terms of quantity combat enhancement of the Caspian flotilla is not a critical danger for Iran in the region. The fact is that Iran — the second after the owner of the Russian Federation naval power on Caspian.
Iran's armed force at sea are about 90 boats and auxiliary vessels. In the main these are small boats and subversive assault means Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC). It should be noted that the IRGC Navy (main naval base — Noushekhr) does not obey the command of the army navy in the Caspian Sea (GVMB — Anzali), faster, on the contrary. But, of course, in the criteria of the war, they act in concert.
The main striking force of the Iranian Army Navy in the Caspian Sea — two missile boats such as Sina. They represent the Iranian version of the French RCA type Combattante II. Their displacement — 300 tons, length — 47 m, width — 7 m boats are equipped with diesel engines in China, which can develop 35-node full speed. The main tool — two twin launchers for anti-ship missiles Noor (the Iranian version of the Chinese C-802 anti-ship missiles) with a range of up to 120 km. There is a universal 76-mm automatic cannon OTO Melara Italian production (these guns borrowed from decommissioned from the Navy ships), twin 40-mm anti-aircraft gun and two 12.7 mm machine guns. In other words, the RCA type Sina — very tough ships, owning a significant impact potential. First boat, received the title of Joshan, joined the Navy Iran in the Caspian Sea in 2006, and the second — in 2010.
Recently, the inevitable forthcoming planned capacity of the fleet on the Caspian Sea.
In the words of Deputy Commander of the Iranian Navy Admiral Gulamreza Khadim, the second missile now under construction, "the destroyer" (in fact it is a corvette) type Jamaran will be serving on the Caspian Sea. Displacement of the "destroyer" — about 1,420 tons, and armament consists of RCC Noor, artillery and helicopter capable of providing target designation across huge distances.
The principal is the ability to transfer frisky small combat boats Iranian Navy and the IRGC in the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea. To do this, with the introduction of heavy trucks only takes a few days. For example, at the present time in Iran is building small missile boats of Peykaap II. It is planned to put into operation all 75 units of small boats. Their armament consists of a 2-FL 10 anti-ship missiles (C-701) in China. Firing range FL 10 — 15-20 km, and the weight of the warhead — about 30 kg. But, despite the moderate properties, these missiles in mass application can deliver a lot of trouble.
Not so long ago passed the tests more massive Nasr-1 missile (ASM version of the Chinese C-704) on a small boat of the new project. It is possible to shoot at 30 km, and the mass of the warhead PKR — 130 kg, in other words, these missiles can sink ships displacement of about 3,000 tons could appear on the Caspian small submarines Iranian Navy, batch creation of which is utilized by North Korea.
So Makar, the power of the naval forces of Iran in the Caspian Sea is entirely sufficient to reflect the specific maritime attacks or conduct local clashes.
In addition, militarization, even when directed against the 1st of countries, first, Iran, always explosively increases the danger to themselves and equips the countries that take on additional powers to deal with serious disputes by military means.
Should pay attention to what our home, seeing the increasing militarization of the region's own risk and obschekaspiyskoy security, despite the fact that it has a very strong presence of military forces in the waters of the sea, is working hard on it, so as not to prevent the emergence of the Caspian armed forces of other extra-regional countries, at first, of course, the U.S. and NATO.
However, some actions of the Defense Ministry hard to call on another, as "ambiguous." Recall that in his time Our homeland has refused to supply arms to form the naval forces of Kazakhstan. Meanwhile, according to Vice-Admiral Yuri Startseva, at the moment we are working on the transfer of 2-Russian Caspian Flotilla ships to the naval forces of Kazakhstan. At the same time, the first international exhibition of arms and military equipment "INDO DEFENCE-2004 EXPO & FORUM" Moscow offered to countries in South and Southeast Asia, including the Caspian and its partners — Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, the export option own rocket launcher "Uran-E". Naturally, in its combat features it is less powerful than the one that is used by the ships of our Navy, but still is a harsh instrument of the sea. This fact led to the conclusion that our homeland almost specifically increase the power of their own neighbors — why?
And this happens in a situation where virtually "hung in the air," uttered by the 2006 Russian proposal to develop the Caspian system of collective security in the framework of a unified Naval Cooperation Task Group "Kasfor."
It seems that the partnership of Russia and Iran in this regard, and accurate understanding of Moscow's own strategic interests in the region should at least lead to an intensification of the diplomatic dialogue in the field of multi-dimensional and reliable security in general the Caspian Sea.