In China, loudly celebrated the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party. The very historical event the formation of the Communist Party of China took place in Shanghai illegally c 23 July to 5 August 1921. As usual, the authorities have dated this date output picture "beginning of a new renaissance."
Tape, filmed state film company China Film Group, for 2-hours audience knows how the first Chinese Communists have made a big batch, then a huge country, which currently lives in peace and harmony. In the picture weighed 178 Chinese movie stars, namely, the Hollywood star Chow Yun-Fat.
On a good little old Communist Party and the customs authority in the name of the chairman of Municipal Administration of Radio, Film and Television claimed, that picture has collected more than 1 billion. yuan ($ 154.4 million). In fulfillment of this requirement was instructed that the employees of municipal companies and should certainly look at "The beginning of a new renaissance." Many companies even freed of people work for half a day, so they had the opportunity to go to the cinema and enjoy the tape. In schools and universities canceled classes, so students and students could behold the Communists won. But most of the irresponsible people, bypassing cinemas, going about their business, and so the plan to revise not produced. In contrast to a previous two years back the tape, "Big deal founding of the republic," the formation of the PRC, the new bestseller flopped at the box office.
Despite the trivial gains in the economy, the situation in the country does not correspond promoted in the film "Home stately revival." But enough common indifference of the population — is not the most severe discrepancy, which is engaged in power. National conflicts, first in the western part of the Middle Kingdom, were again in the foreground. In general, there they never disappeared.
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), which in Chinese means "new frontier", "New Frontier" — a region in the north-west of the country, the largest by area of territorial-administrative unit of China. The historical place name — East Turkestan. The indigenous population of the region is mostly Uighurs (45%), Chinese (Hantz — 40.5%), Kazakhs (7%), Kyrgyz, Dungan, Uzbek, Russian and some other nations. The main religion in this area has been converted to Islam. USSR supported the separatist municipalities in Xinjiang: the East Turkestan Islamic Republic (1933-1934) and the East Turkestan Revolutionary Republic (1944-1949). During the Great Famine of 1932-1933 about 500 thousand Kazakhs migrated to Xinjiang and so makarom saved from starvation death. About 80% of Xinjiang Uyghur live in the south-west, the Kazakhs — the main in the north of Xinjiang, Hants — mostly in the east and north of the autonomous region. National affairs there have always been strained. The Chinese authorities since the 1950's, there was carried out a policy of mass migration of Chinese to change the demographic situation, as a result of which the problem has only gotten a huge edge. In the middle of non-Chinese, mostly Uighur population are quite strong separatist sentiments, moreover, grows the number of adherents of Islamic fundamentalism. A number of Uyghur organizations is fighting for the establishment of their own country — the East Turkestan.
First of August in Kashgar (a city on the west of Xinjiang last), a number of armed clashes, accompanied with 2 explosions killed 20 people. Celestial Authorities accused terrorist attacks of Islamic militants of the Movement for the Liberation of Eastern Turkestan (RZST), who were trained in Pakistan. The next day came another attack — killed 27 people.
Actions in Kashgar — the next episode of terrorist acts, which broke out in Xinjiang last month. Large-scale incident occurred in the town of Hotan on July 18. Then the police shot dead 14 Uighurs who stormed the local police station, destroyed 2-prisoners and 2-peaceful inhabitants. Big splash riots occurred in July 2009. Then, during the riots in the capital Xinjiang Urumqi, according to official figures, killed 197 and wounded more than 1.7 million people. According to the number of victims of these actions were the most violent in the history of modern China after the Tiananmen Square massacre.
Chinese bureaucrats use not only the police methods, and economic. In May last year, the head of China Hu Jintao unveiled a state project to improve life in Xinjiang. By 2015, the cost of it will amount to 10 billion. yuan ($ 1.5 billion). And by 2012 all the inhabitants have inclined age pensions will be provided, while in the Middle Kingdom pension system is the most effective in large towns and in state enterprises. Finance the program from planning to the revenues from oil and gas production in the region. Active construction of highways. Kashgar became part of the Lanzhou-Xinjiang the railroad at the end of 1999, eventually laying the newest route to the South of Xinjiang. Since July 2008, construction began on 488-kilometer railway line to the Khotan. In addition, began design work on the expansion of the railway network in adjoining Pakistan through Hundzherabsky pass. At the same time, Beijing will not be removed from the upcoming kitaizatsii Xinjiang. There is a plan to reincarnate about 100 thousand Uyghur nomads to a settled people and provide education in the Chinese language in all schools. The embodiment of large-scale infrastructure projects do not enjoy themselves Uighurs. In general, as demonstrated by the recent actions, the results of these applets do not yet have. Beijing is not yet possible to establish control over the situation in the hydrocarbon-rich and strategically fundamental region through which lie main pipelines from Central Asia.
For other reasons excitement enveloped Dalian, (Russian title of which — far, the Japanese — Dairen), located on the Liaodong Peninsula near the famous Lushun (Port Arthur). On the mass demonstrations the residents sought to close the chemical plant of the company Futszya. In a brief statement the agency Xinhua said that the operation of the Company temporarily suspended. Fear enveloped the population as a tropical storm Muyfa damaged the dam around the plant, creating a risk of release of p-xylene — the poison used in the textile industry.
Concrete link between the events in Xinjiang and the Liaodong Peninsula, no. But for Beijing, they are not very different precursors. National targets to the west of the country are supplemented by certain difficulties in the east. In this region, which was exemplary. The development of Dalian gone billion, were taken here to show success of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. Second problem of the authorities was that the meetings in Dalian were well organized. Despite the fact that access to Twitter is closed, all the same on the website of Sina Weibo nick abused power on what light. Particular outrage caused by the message to Reuters, citing a source in the Chinese chemical industry, that the reality of a chemical plant in Dalian continues to work. Although anti-government slogans at a demonstration was not, but in Beijing realize this will not have long to expect.
Despite the considerable resources allocated to Xinjiang, the mess in the region do not subside. Similarly, in Dalian. The standard of living is much higher there than in the west, but the people are dissatisfied. Currently, only the ecology. But, as they sa
y, not a bad start — half the battle. In addition, China's economic growth slows and monetary authorities' ability to decrease.
In the end, do not live by bread alone man. Restates the view that only the economic successes of demands for political freedoms does not suppress. And the promotional fanfare, large-scale films of the glorious past are not very helpful. Time to reform approaches. And the earlier they start in a country that is a world leader, the better it will be for the entire planet. According to another can be late, as some Arab countries.