The last two years, the 10-ka China is constantly increasing military budget, and the last 10 years of his yearly growth was equivalent to an average of 12%. Besides Beijing every year more and more attention to the improvement of military equipment and technology, evenly reducing the number of troops.
China's military expenditure in 2011 amounted to 119.8 billion dollars. dollars by 2015 will increase to 238.2 billion. dollars, ie double. By 2015 military China will surpass the total budget of the defense spending of all Asia-Pacific countries, which analyst firm «IHS Global Insight» is estimated at 232.5 billion. U.S.
Against this background, notes that the United States, its outstanding potential opponents in the PRC, military spending is reduced. Prior to 2017 the Pentagon plans to reduce defense spending by 259 billion dollars. dollars, and for the next 10 years — 487 billion. U.S. At the same time the U.S., like China, are going to equip the armed forces with the latest technology.
February 13 Barack Obama asked Congress to the needs of the Pentagon 613.9 billion. dollars (in 2013 money year). And this amount — on the "cut down" program there. Hence the saying that China, at least, on the scale of finance military spending, while up to the United States far.
Meanwhile, China is spending on military ranks 2nd in the world — just behind the United States. Over the last 2-years of China's defense spending rose at a spirited pace than in the last 20 years — an average of 16.2%. In general, Western experts (with their known penchant for hyperbole) believe that China understates its defense spending — as much as 2-3 times.
Need to see that the issues of capacity of Chinese defense budget — on the background of the South American economic crisis and defense savings in the United States — very trevozhut Washington. The Pentagon has information on the construction of a new Chinese submarine modernization of missile and nuclear weapons. February 13, 2012 Vice-President Xi Jinping started his own visit to the U.S., during which meetings with the President, Vice-President and Minister of Defense. Along with the growth of Chinese military power will open a discussion at the meetings and the expansion of South-American military presence in the Asia Pacific region.
The growing tension between the U.S. and China is due including the adoption of January 3, 2012 in Washington, DC strategic document: «Sustaining US Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense». The strategy states that the strengthening of China in the long run can affect the economy and security of the United States. The main points in the received U.S. military strategy is to reduce the number of U.S. military forces in the simultaneous concentration of budget resources for the development of satellites and unmanned aircraft. The strategy also involves refocusing resources on the APR. As reported in the media, Washington is going to place troops in Australia and make additional warships in Singapore and the Philippines.
It is also clear that in August last year, the Pentagon released a report that reported the re-equipping the Chinese army, which represents a danger adjacent countries. In response, the Chinese government claimed by the U.S. to recognize that China is a normal defense construction. Defense Ministry spokesman Yang Yujun said that the criteria for the growth of STP upgrade weapons — just the usual process, and suspicions of the United States referred to "perverse" and "do not have no basis." Also in August 2011, China had launched the first aircraft carrier (the last "Varyag"), built in the USSR, purchased from Ukraine and modernized. The emergence of the "Varyag" was also a prerequisite for the growth of tension between China and the United States. In addition, the Pentagon and the expected emergence of Chinese aircraft carriers — that is, its construction — by 2015. However, on January 9 2012 , the press secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman Liu Weimin said, in effect, that Washington mistakenly interprets Beijing's intentions to modernize its armed forces and that China continues to peaceful development.
First, in January 2012 was Barack Obama said that the economical cuts in military spending does not affect the country's ability to withstand konkurentnst U.S. strategic adversaries. Quote: "Among the strategic enemy of the United States Obama singled out Iran and China. Concerning the last president saw that in the long term, Beijing will have an increasing impact on the economy and the scope of the U.S. military "(source: http://lenta.ru/news/2012/01/05/obama/). "Lenta.ru," as quoted in the Republican-controlled parliamentary Armed Services Committee Buck McKeon, has criticized Obama's programs from cuts in military spending: "The president must realize that the world has always been, is and will be a favorite. As America steps back, someone else is going to come. " Of course, by the first of the "someone" was supposed to specifically China.
As recalled not long ago "Military Parity »(http://www.militaryparitet.com/perevodnie/data/ic_perevodnie/1940/) with reference to the South Korean newspaper« The Chosunilbo », in 2008, the Academy has forecast China," according to which the military might of this country equal to the U.S. after 2050, but will still need the very few 20 or 30 years to completely overshadow America in the military field. " In conjunction with that "military parity" notes that in recent years, China is rapidly increasing armament Air Force, Navy, is making progress in gallakticheskoy and missile technology.
A new turn of potential confrontation United States and China said the "Wall Street Journal" in its issue of January 4, 2012 (Article D. Barnes, N. Hoxha, D. Paige). This article was about the newly built South American Navy aircraft carrier battle "Gerald R. Ford", which in a short time (not before 2015) was the guarantor would be something like naval advantages the United States in the coming half a century. But the fact that Beijing has made the latest ballistic missile DF-21D, which can strike-move the ship at a distance of about 1,700 miles. This was stated by Chinese municipal media. South American defense experts with all this report that the new Chinese missile can hit a target at such an angle that is very highest for American protection, sliding over the surface of the sea, and coupled with the fact very much low for defenses against ballistic missiles of another class. Angle defeat DF-21D (by the way, is not yet launched in the PRC), such that even if anti shoot down one or two missiles, the other a few reach the goal.
Incidentally, the missile attack on the "Gerald R. Ford", as seen in the article of the "Wall Street Journal" put at risk almost 5 thousand lives of seafarers. The crew of an aircraft carrier is enormous, and the number of possible victims may exceed the loss of all Yanks in Iraq.
In January 2012, Beijing held the first test «J-20" — not detectable radar of the new fig
hter. This fighter allows China to strike, according to the professionals at the very bolshennom distance — right up to the U.S. military bases in the Land of the Rising Sun.
Chinese submarines are also very worried about the U.S. military professionals. New or upgraded submarines remain under water for a long time and move silently. Known incident that occurred in 2006: the Chinese submarine was in the middle of the United American warships and was not seen until the time the Yankees until floated.
Ultimately imposed concluded that the military power of China — in comparison with the U.S. — not necessarily be expressed in billions of dollars, the amount spent on the defense budget. At the current time we should talk about the military-technological rivalry. For example, a brand new Chinese missile totally might force U.S. warships to stay away from the Chinese coast. Most likely, they really will keep a reasonable distance.
The answer Yankees for the development of a new Chinese missiles could be would be to provide the above-mentioned drones that could soar from aircraft carriers at sea and stay in the air longer manned aircraft.
So, an open confrontation between China and the U.S. do not have to read. Too early to read and the parity between the military forces of the United States and China. 2050 year?.. Now all bets on the date so distant look, perhaps, gorgeous. Much more gorgeous than the well-known statements of sociologists that in the U.S. by the mid-20th century the first half of the population will be read in Spanish. Hurry it's true that Beijing is trying by all means to reduce the impact of U.S. military power in the Asia-Pacific region, while raising the technological content of its own army, if Beijing's desire to "catch up and overtake" America militarily. "To catch up and overtake" — a popular Russian "doctrine", which has not optimal, but sensual roots. And the military-political strategy of China is unlikely to have anything to do with it.
Because at the moment not only early, and out of place to make predictions about which of the 2-powers each other "out-do" — missiles, drones or aircraft carriers. The purpose of the PRC appears to be is not to achieve military parity, and all the more obvious advantages over the United States, but increased exposure to the Asia-Pacific region — or, if you wish, weakening Washington's influence in the designated region.