For the next 15 years, our homeland has become the largest supplier of weapons to China, ensuring the supply to that country of fighters, destroyers, submarines, tanks and missiles for a total of 20 to 30 billion dollars. It even sold Beijing a license to build the Su-27 — of of imported Russian parts.
But now this gold mine for Russia dried up, while China is just beginning.
After many years of work on copying Russian weapons headed for China turning point. At the moment he can without the help of others to create many weapons systems, including the most modern fighter aircraft such as the Su-27. He also built his own about his aircraft carrier.
Chinese engineers not only cloned avionics and radar Su-27. They are also equipped with their own aircraft last element of this technical puzzle — a Chinese jet engine construction.
Over the past two years, Beijing has not arranged in Russia nor the 1st big order.
And at this point, China also began to export a significant part of their guns, undermining the position of in the developing world, which could lead to a change in the balance of power in a number of hot points of our planet.
This epoch-making change could almost physically feel in the Russian pavilion at the time of the November in the South Chinese town of Zhuhai Airshow. Our home was previously a star on the show, leading the audience in ecstasy performances own aerobatic team "Russian Knights", showing fighters, helicopters and transport planes, as agreements on many billions of dollars.
This year, she brought to the exhibition or the 1st real aircraft — only a handful of plastic models, which look at a few 10 s yearning sales managers.
China, in contrast to the Russian Federation, put on display and for sale the biggest party of its own military equipment. And almost all of it was based on the Russian development and production secrets.
Honorable guests at the air show were Pakistani pilots of aerobatic team Sherdils. They flew on aircraft of Russian origin, which at the present time provide Pakistan and China.
"We are in this relationship were senior partners — and now reincarnated as a junior," — says Ruslan Pukhov, part of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense — a civilian advisory body to the military.
That predicament which hit our home is a reflection of the situation with many foreign companies. China is beginning to compete in the global market by offering there the modern trains, power equipment and other products civilian mission that is based on the development, acquisition in the West.
But in this case, there is an additional nuance related to security. China is developing weapons systems, including aircraft carriers and carrier aviation, which can make it dangerous to throw a challenge to Taiwan and South American control over the western part of the Pacific Ocean.
Export fighters and the rest of modern weapons from China also threatens the configuration of the military balance in South Asia, Sudan and Iran.
China's military power on its own as before very much behind the U.S., which are far ahead of all other countries in the production and export of arms. Between 2005 and 2009, the share of China accounted for 2% of global sales tools, and Beijing ranked ninth in the world in the middle of exporters. Such data are the Stockholm Institute of international studies problems of the world (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute — SIPRI).
But after the defeat of the Land of the Rising Sun in 1945, no Asian country is not trying to project its military power.
Development of China's high-spirited Russian technology raises questions about U.S. cooperation with representatives of the Chinese military civilians industry.
China Aviation Company Aviation Industry Corp. (AVIC), for example, is building a fighter. But it also produces new passenger aircraft with General Electric and other U.S. companies from the aerospace industry. The representative of the General Electric says that his company has decades of working in partnership with zabugornom manufacturers of engines and has done over this period of time "reliable security measures" to ensure the preservation of her mental facilities.
There could be nasty and weights for the American applets to create weapons. Last year, the Pentagon decided to cut funding for the F-22, which at the present time is the most advanced fighter in the world. This was partly due to the fact that China has such aircraft will not be for at least another 15 years.
But then the deputy commander of the Chinese Air Force General Ho Veyzhun (He Weirong) announced that the recent flight tests will start the Chinese version of the aircraft, which will be put into operation "in 8-10 years."
Defense Intelligence Agency United States now says that the Chinese will come in handy "about 10 years" for adopting a "significant quantities" of fighters that use stealth technology to ensure "stealth".
Meanwhile, the dispute between Moscow and Beijing about human mental accessories for such weapons systems can be a real challenge to their efforts to overcome historical rivalries and the transition to the modern era of friendly relations.
"We in the past have not paid enough attention to our mental Facilities, — the representative of Russian military industry — and at this point China even makes us konkurentnst in the international market."
More vividly shows Chinese fighter J-11B, which is alleged to Russian officials, is a direct copy of the single-seat fighter Su-27, developed by the Soviets in the 70s and 80s to the creation of the car, the South American equivalent F-15 and F -16.
Prior to the 90th Moscow did not supply a tool in China because of the ideological schism in 1956. Split this even led to short-term border clashes in 1969.
But after the collapse of the Union of Russian Kremlin is desperately needed hard currency. In 1992, China became the first country outside the former Soviet space, to buy 24 Su-27 and pay for their one billion dollars.
The deal was a great fortune for China which in their own war plans abandoned attacks on Russian land and now wished to translate territorial claims on Taiwan and the countryside, located in the South China and East China Seas.
Efforts to modernize the Air Force and the Chinese Navy prevented the U.S. and EU embargo on weapons deliveries, imposed after the suppression of protests in Tiananmen Square.
According to Western military officials, the Chinese have realized the urgent need to modernize its programs from the army after the first Gulf War, when the United States have shown their overwhelming firepower and punching power.
A breakthrough in the efforts of Beijing came in 1996, when he paid the Russian Federation 2.5 billion dollars for the license to assemble another 200 Su-27, which was carried out in enterprises Shenyang Aircraft Company.
Agreement provided that in this plane, which received the title of J-11 will be used imported from Russia avionics, radars and engines, and that it can not be exported.
But, having built 105 of
these aircraft, China in 2004 abruptly terminated this contract, stating that plane no longer meets its requirements. About this they say Russian officials and experts from the military industry.
Three years later the Russian fear confirmed when China showed on municipal television version of his fighter, calling it the J-11B.
"When we sold the license, everyone knew that they did so. It was a risk, and we went at it — says Russian an expert on the Chinese Army Vasily Kashin. — At the time it was a matter of survival. "
J-11B is actually similar to the Su-27, but Beijing said that it is 90% Chinese, and that it uses the more modern Chinese avionics and radar. Russian there only engine pronounced Chinese.
Now equip aircraft engines and Chinese, as Vice President of AVIC says Zhang Scoter (Zhang Xinguo) (part of it comes Shenyang Aircraft).
"You can not say that this is just a copy — he says. — Cell phones are all looking prototype. But technology is developing very rapidly. Even if the outside everything looks prototype, the inside is not all the same. "
J-11B has put Russia in front of a difficult choice — to continue selling weapons to China, at the risk of all this the fact that it will clone, or complete deliveries and lose his own bit of on the lucrative market.
Our first home wanted to finish the negotiations for the sale to China with a folding wing fighter Su-33, which can be used on aircraft carriers.
But then she resumed talks, though rejected the Chinese proposal to buy all the 2-machines, and insisted on the delivery of a large party.
The official position of the holding company "Sukhoi" is that she is confident in their own business in China.
Indeed, many aviation experts believe that AVIC is a problem with the motor for the creation of the Chinese J-11B with the same thrust and with the same durability as that of the ordinary Russian engine.
The company "Sukhoi" believes that China will have to buy the Su-33 Russian criteria, as Beijing will be hard to fit to make his carrier-based fighter at the time of launching the first Chinese aircraft carrier in 2011 or 2012.
The company also hopes to realize China a more modern version of the Su-27 — Su-35 car, if J-11B will not excellent properties.
"We just pin our hopes that our plane will be better — says the Deputy Director General of" dry "Sergey Sergeev. — One thing — to make a copy of a spoon decent properties, and quite another — a copy of the aircraft. "
Government of the Russian Federation and China to comment on this matter shall be removed.
But in person Russian representatives have expressed fear that China recently will start mass production and export of modern fighters — without Russian help. From 2001 to 2008, China bought Russian weapons by 16 billion dollars — that's 40% of the total Russian sales.
Not so long ago, the Chinese military websites were posted photo, which shows the engines installed on the J-11B and its amended version — J-15, which will be used on aircraft carriers.
This has further strengthened the Russian fear over the fact that China just copied the Su-33, the acquired in 2001 in the Ukraine. This information is shared Russian military experts in the industry.
At last year's Dubai air show in China for the first time showed its own training aircraft L-15. In June, China made its debut at an arms fair Eurosatory, which took place in France.
In July, China for the first time shown abroad fighter JF-17, developed in conjunction with Pakistan. It happened at the Farnborough air show in English.
In September, China was one of the largest pavilions at an arms fair in Cape Town.
"They appear on the arms shows in what until then had never participated — says an expert on trade instrument of SIPRI Simon Wezeman (Siemon T. Wezeman). — If 15 years ago back in their general had nothing, but now they offer a decent equipment at reasonable prices. "
China is of particular interest to developing countries. Namely, they are interested in a relatively cheap JF-17 fighter jet with Russian engine.
The Kremlin has agreed to re-export of this engine in Pakistan, as he would not trade the instrument involved.
But in the past year, he flew into a rage when the former Russian Republic of Azerbaijan has begun negotiations to purchase JF-17, as they say familiar with this situation people.
Also in the past year, the Chinese JF-17 and the Russian MiG-29 competed in the tender in Myanmar, which eventually elected Russian, but paid less than what they want.
This year, the two countries are participating in the tender in Egypt. China suggested there JF-17 to 10 million dollars cheaper than our native land their MiG-29 at the cost of 30 million dollars.
This led Misha Pogosyan, who heads the company "Sukhoi" and the company that produces the "MiG", to make a suggestion, that the Kremlin ended supply to China Russian engines for JF-17.
While the Kremlin did not, but Russian representatives in person they say about the ability of existing legal disposition in this case, if China will increase exports of advanced aircraft, similar J-11B.
Last month the Russian government came up with the latest legislative initiative to include in the agreement on the supply of weapons to foreign countries on the right to intellectual property.
As told familiar with this situation people, this issue during his visit to China in October raised and President Dmitry Medvedev.
"Of course we are concerned about. But we also understand that almost nothing we can do "- says Pukhov of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defence.
Responding to a question about what advice he would give Western aerospace companies, Sergeev of the company "Sukhoi" said: "They should keep in mind about what kind of products they sell — or dual-use civilian clothes. And it is fundamentally very carefully prepare the legal documentation. "
If you care about the difficulties Russian intelligence accessories, other countries are concerned about security issues. Applets to create weapons, initiated by China 20-30 years ago back, beginning to bear fruit, which can have severe consequences for the regional, as the global balance of military forces.
It is expected that the J-11B will be used in the Chinese navy as a front-line fighter, able to carry on fighting for many acts over the whole of the South China and East China Seas.
Aircraft carriers and fighter J-15 has further strengthened the fighting ability of China to ban the South American intervention in a conflict over Taiwan, also challenged South American control over the western part of the Pacific Ocean.
Chinese arms exports could have an impact on the areas of conflict in the world. In February, Pakistan has adopted the first squadron of fighter planes in China, which could change the balance of power with India.
For the other possible buyers of Chinese JF-17 fighter jets are Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Venezuela, Nigeria, Morocco and Turkey. Previously, China has sold a batch of fighter jets to Sudan.
The U.S. has the greatest concern among possible buyers of Chinese weapons is Iran. According to the Russian Center for Analysis of World Trade instrument, in the period from 2002 to 2009, Iran bought weapons from China for a total of about 260 million dollars.
In June, China was in favor of UN sanctions against Iran, including the imposition of an embargo on weapons. But Tehran as before trying to reach the conclusion of transactions on the sale of Chinese fighter planes and other weapons systems.