China, spreading its influence in the world from Central Asia and the Arab States to the Caribbean region, has not left unattended and the countries of Southeast Asia. In the United States worried that the Chinese are increasingly replacing them in the Asia-Pacific region. This region in the 20th century has been a battleground between the majestic powers, now everything is repeated, but instead of the Russian Federation and the Land of the Rising Sun is now the main opponent of the Anglo-Saxons — China. He skilfully, step by step, strengthening its position in Myanmar, Indonesia, East Timor, Bangladesh and other countries of the region.
In East Timor — this young government (just gained independence only in 2002) on the eastern half of the island of Timor — the Chinese have received the contract for the construction of two power stations in the price of 378 million dollars. In addition, China has purchased part of the tools and equipment for the Timorese armed forces. In 2010, the Chinese have put two patrol boats to Timor by training their crews. And the president of East Timor President Jose Ramos-Horta made a statement that his government would prefer to buy a cheap Chinese ships instead of American or European. In principle, this is understandable, East Timor is one of the less advanced countries of the world and the Asia Pacific region.
The Chinese have built for this island nation of the structure of the presidential residence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, led the construction and renovation of officers hostel and structure of the Ministry of Defence. In April 2010, the first Timorese Deputy Prime Minister Jose Luis Guterres, in an interview with Xinhua News Agency said the Chinese government has always belonged to East Timor in a friendly manner and with respect. Because the government and the people of East Timor hopes on the forthcoming strengthen bilateral friendly cooperation with China. Government of East Timor is even going to introduce the study of Chinese language in schools as an optional subject. In China send students to study technology in the agricultural and irrigation sectors. Government of East Timor ties with China and hopes for the development of the tourism industry in the country.
Why do Chinese people have such an advantage? The answer is simple — they did not participate in the genocide of the people of Timor. In 1975, the Declaration of Independence was read out in East Timor from Portugal, in the same year, Indonesian troops, with diplomatic support of the United States and Australia, began the occupation. East Timor declared the 27th province of Indonesia. United States not only have political support, and supplied the Indonesian gun, military instructors trained the punitive part. Finally, in the course of 27 years of occupation have been killed, according to various estimates, from 100 to 250 thousand people, as many more became refugees, with the total population is about 600 thousand people. In addition, a further blow country experienced in 2006, when it drove through a large wave of unrest in the country even had to enter the UN peacekeeping force.
Because for a poor country to which you want to restore and develop the infrastructure, the Chinese investment is very important. In January 2011, an agreement was signed by the loan of 3 billion. dollars, the funds will focus on developing the country's infrastructure. So Makar, China has become the most naikrupneyshim economic partner of East Timor.
Chinese way in this region, apart from strengthening its own position in the Asia-Pacific region, a strategic position in East Timor — the proximity to Indonesia and Australia, the sea route from Australia to China, Intriguing, deposits of oil and gas in the Timor Sea. In addition, Dili (the capital of Timor) supports the Chinese position on Taiwan prepyadstviya.
Another outpost of China in the Asia-Pacific region is The Republic of the Fiji Islands. I of New Zealand and Australia already have a fear that if the pace of economic cooperation between China and Fiji will increase by such spirited pace as in recent years, that Beijing may soon make one of the islands on its naval base.
The Republic of Islands Fiji.
In Washington, Canberra, Wellington talked about the need resuscitation ANZUS military alliance (English ANZUS Security Treaty — Australia, New Zealand, United States), which was made in 1951. They agreed on the coordination of actions of its own armed forces in Southeast Asia. Australia was involved in an arms race waged Asia-Pacific countries, especially a lot of attention is paid to the development of the Air Force and the Navy.
Fiji, being in the vicinity of a particular maritime borders of New Zealand and Australia are the "hot spots" of Anglo-Saxon geopolitics in the region of the world. Still closer to Fiji than the territory of Australia, are the islands that are covered yurispundenuiya United States. This South American country such as Samoa, Howland and Baker Islands. The economic importance of these areas is small, but strategically very crucial since they are the "fulcrum" on the way from Fiji to Hawaii, the 50th U.S. state.
October 10, 2010 Fiji visited a high-level Chinese delegation, raising the status of relations between the countries to a new level. In September 2011, the President of Fiji Epeli Nailatikau after a visit to China (where he attended the opening of the Universiade in Shenzhen and met with Chinese President Hu Jintao) gave the highest rating the development of relations with China. The head of Fiji also particularly thanked Beijing's financial and economic support to the island country, praised the Chinese company for vkladyvatelnuyu activity in Fiji and helping the country to develop infrastructure.
Myanmar. This is another government-Pacific, where the Chinese have made them strong. As in a number of African, then Beijing has used the current weakness of the U.S.. While Washington criticized the political leadership of the country in violation of human rights and democratic freedoms of the people, the Chinese have adjusted their political and economic dialogue. In the government had invested billions of dollars — to the economy, infrastructure, modernization of the armed forces. In the end, China has become the main political and economic partner, which focuses on modern Myanmar.
In 2011, when the President of Myanmar Thein Sein visited China, the world was informed of a single strategic vision of Beijing and Naypyidaw. This is a direct impact on India — a friend of Myanmar and the U.S. positions in the region. Myanmar has a strategic location in the region — the proximity of the important Strait of Malacca, through which China gets the oil, food and other natural resources.
It is necessary to take into account the factor that China's strong position in North Korea, the Chinese have become allies of Pakistan, is rapidly strengthened in Bangladesh.
Russian Federation confrontation between China and the United States in the Asia-Pacific regi
on may bring some benefits, because it diverts some of the forces and means of the majestic powers of the "Russian Front" Our homeland at this time can strengthen its position in the Asia-Pacific region.
In the meantime, the position of the Anglo-Saxons even better than the Chinese. Their position has evolved in the 19-20 centuries. States have a strong foothold in the face of South Korea, the Land of the Rising Sun, the Philippines, Australia, of New Zealand, China, Vietnam and aggressive India's own Pacific possessions. But on the side of China — the time and the financial and economic crisis of the U.S., they play against Washington. In addition, the center of mass of global economic processes are increasingly moving towards the Asia Pacific region. And China in Southeast Asia — the main power, because of their own economic and strategic achievements and plans, the number of population, military power. You can be sure that if the U.S. superpower status taken aback, then China will become the uncontested favorite of the Asia-Pacific region.