The rise in air Y-20 makes a request the Chinese Air Force to establish their own military transport fleet is quite severe. It is in this area of China at the present time stronger than just behind the Russian Federation and the United States. In general, in fairness it should be noted that on the new plane the currently used Russian-made engines and wings designed a Ukrainian freighter OKB "Antonov". When exactly is China going to finish testing the machine and take a military transport plane Y-20 into service as yet unclear. Intensively on the creation of the aircraft China since 2006.
"The successful first flight of a new military transport aircraft is of fundamental importance for the strengthening of national defense and the economy of China, and to expand capacity in the field of frisky response in case of emergencies and in the field of humanitarian action" — according to the website of the Ministry of Defense of China. Military experts they say that the new heavy transport aircraft of its own production for the Chinese Air Force is even more important than the draft multi-purpose fighter of the 5th generation, which is known as "the Chengdu J-20" and has already made its own first flight. China is now very much is dependent on supplies from the Russian Federation IL-76 and their modifications, even with all this brand new car will not be able to ensure complete independence from China Russia and other aircraft manufacturers in the CIS.
The new military transport plane Y-20 is disk imaging military professionals, has been developed since the 1990s, and the project received government funding priority in 2006. The project's new "200-ton freighter" was approved only by 3 years later, the same year and began work on creating the layout of the flight. Plane Y-20 was created by the scheme vysokoplana four-engine swept-wing and T-tail. The machine is armed with a multishelf retractable landing gear, and special cargo ramp, located in the rear of the aircraft.
We can say that Y-20 has a classic aircraft for its own class diagram. Outside car recalls Russian IL-76, which is the Air Force of the People's Liberation Army of China. With all this Chinese plane has the smallest dimensions in comparison with South American C-17 "Globemaster» III. Outside similarity Y-20 Russian Il-76 mark and the media. Aircraft owned actually similar in size and wing unit, with all this at the Chinese aircraft is no separate cabin mate, whereby his crew managed to reduce to 3 people. At the same time Transport of the airplane on the views of the military professionals in design closer to that used in the South American C-17.
At the current time in the media publishes a variety of properties of recent Chinese cars. Y-20. Namely reported that the maximum desired load Y-20 is 66 tons, 6 tons more than the Russian Il-76MF. Plane has a crew of three people, a fuselage length of 47 meters, wingspan — 45 meters, maximum height — 15 meters. The greatest weight in a military transport Y-20 a little more than 200 tons. Most range aircraft with the highest load will be approximately 4,400 km. Officially, these numbers are not yet voiced. Chinese television mentions only a cruising speed of 630 km / h and 60 tonnes of payload.
Even with the release of its own transporter China maintains dependence of, at least, in the initial step. The ground raised in the air Y-20 turbojet engine has 4 Russian production — is D-30KP2 development bureau Solovyov still 1960. Data properties are inferior modern turbofan aircraft engines PS-90A, which are installed on the new Russian Il-476. Because thrust propulsion military transport Y-20 gives a similar parameter of the new Russian Il-476 project. In the future, China decides to bet on their own WS-20 engines to be installed on the serial Y-20, but at what stage are specifically work on their design, no one can say.
Almost all specifically because of the introduction of engines obsolete design Y-20 on their flight performance features will yield new Russian military transport aircraft Il-476 (Il-76MD-90A), which made its own first flight in October last year. The largest range of new Russian freighter — 5000 km., With the greatest load, with all this new Perm engines PS-90A-76 provides a huge car fuel economy and power, enabling to fly at speeds up to 850 km / h
Besides the professionals causes hesitation, and the fact that the creation of Y-20 was carried out only only by Chinese engineers. At the current time the South American media openly they say that the wing for the new Chinese aircraft projected in the Ukraine in the famous CB "Antonov". At the same time edition of the "Voice of Russia" has made a statement saying that the base Y-20 project went unrealized languid military transport aircraft An-170.
In this case, if the project is Y-20 aircraft will be successful, and the new Chinese cars will be able to show the properties announced in the press, China will be able to completely wipe the release of about 300 machines of this type. This will allow the Celestial Empire to form their own strategic military transport fleet, which according to their ability to be close to the U.S. Air Force and the Russian Federation, according to experts. But before the Chinese military will be able to start batch creation of WS-20 engines and evaluating all of the Y-20, it will take some time.
It should be noted, and the fact that the tests of the new languid transport aircraft may also have implications. China, if it does not want to scare their own neighbors, then add weight to his words in the dispute over the Diaoyu Islands — Senkaku Islands, located in the East China Sea, it can. At the current time, China continues to claim that the increase in the military strength of the country is not aimed against any certain opponents, but the country's military spending without annoying grow. According to the Stockh
olm Institute for disk imaging studies problems of the world in 2012, China's defense budget was equal 143 billion. bucks, and projected European professionals by 2015 this figure could reach 238 billion already. bucks.
Sources disk imaging: