In its own brand-new report Pentagon informed Congress that the South American war industry fell into a "critical dependence" on imports of Chinese rare earth metals, and advises to find other supply channels. These metals are used for the production of military products sverhtehnologichny.
We are talking about a group of rare-earth metals of the 17 species of possessing unique magnetic qualities that are important for the production of relevant sverhtehnologichny products ranging from phones ending batteries for hybrid cars. These elements are also of tremendous importance for the production of sverhtehnologichny military products, including precision-guided bombs and modern fighter aircraft, night vision goggles and laser designators.
China produces 95% of the world's rare-earth oxides. In the U.S., Chinese production this kind is virtually a monopoly, and Washington have raised the alarm that since last year, Beijing is moving towards the introduction of export quotas for their deliveries. In the Pentagon report says that "the very principle that the U.S. is not dependent on China in this strategic concept for the import."
Last year the U.S. Department of Defense vseobyatnoe beginning a study to examine the potential national security of the country depends on the import of rare earth metals. But this study was not published. A recent report indicates that Pentagon made some effort to identify U.S. companies that could carry the process of converting rare earth oxides into metals. It also reported that Pentagon predicted the likely consequences associated with intermittent supply of such parts.
The report Pentagon Congress offers a few tips to reduce dependence on imports of these metals. Among other, it is recommended to begin the development of strategic supplies of raw materials in the supply of dollars to the value of their first military industry. More needs identified metals such as dysprosium, yttrium, praseodymium and neodymium.
Some advice for the report focused research center in the latest American Security (Center for a New American Security), which has a tight fit connection with the administration of U.S. President. This year, the Centre has made report, which called on the government to take seriously the probable bad consequences in the field of import. The creator of the report Pafmour Christine Christine (Christine Parthemore) concludes that China's dominance in the world market of rare earth metals gives the country "incredible leverage over the rest of the world." Employee think tank Will Rogers (Will Rogers) said that Pentagon sent a "good signal" to encourage the creation of new channels of supply, independent of China.
Legislators have taken note of this issue. This year, member of the House of Representatives Mike Coffman (Mike Coffman, Republican of Colorado) submitted a draft bill on the production of rare earth metals in the United States. "I think it is very positive that the Ministry of Defence to the public has recognized the difficulties of our dependence on China's rare earth metals," said the congressman.