China did not stay away from the revitalization of the enthusiasm of the world community to the natural resources in the Arctic. In the next five years Beijing organized three expeditions in arctic region. As the head of the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration (CAA) Qu Tanzhou, the coming expedition will begin in July 2012 (she was 5th in a row).
Beijing in the 2000s markedly stepped up its Arctic and Antarctic research. For the conduct of research programs in the Arctic region is responsible for management of special Arctic and Antarctic (Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration). In 2009, the state has increased China Polar Research Center (up to 230 people). There is a modernization base for polar expeditions rebuild home port icebreaker "Syuelun" ("Snow Dragon") in Shanghai, the housing being built to handle data storage for the polar ice.
According to official Chinese version, Beijing plans to expand the study of the polar regions of the planet: to teach polar oceanography, ice formation, local biology, ecology, climate change and the impact of configuration, etc., monitor the weather in relation to future development of the country's interests and learning abilities of confrontation global climate change .
While it is clear that the study of Antarctica and the Arctic is associated first with their natural resources. The polar regions of the planet for a long time remained intact pantries's population, by virtue of their terrible climate, availability of closer and more light to the development of the fields of resources, lack of development of technologies for the extraction of natural resources. But now the situation has changed — an old fields are depleted, far advanced science and technology, it is possible to mitigate climate change in the polar regions. And the interests of energy companies is closely linked to the geopolitical interests of the states. So, in 2010, an employee of Dalian Maritime Institute ZHENGFA Lee said: "He who would gain control over the Arctic route will keep control of a new way of the world economy." And it is not only the Northern Sea Route (the smallest way from Europe to Asia-Pacific), and large supplies of hydrocarbons, large deposits of coal, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, titanium, gold and silver, diamonds and other fundamental strategic resources. Great importance against the background of continuing population growth and global food problems are and aquatic resources of the Arctic seas.
China at the present time is the second economy of the planet, and the coming economic progress powers should be supported by the natural resources in the Arctic and Antarctica. In Beijing are concerned about the future of their own power. The most optimistic forecasts of Chinese scientists, in 2013 the Northern Sea Route in the summer may be ice-free, and by the summer of 2030 and the entire Arctic Ocean.
At the moment, the Celestial Empire has only one icebreaker — "Snow Dragon", but there are plans to make 2015 a fleet of icebreakers, which be able to work in the Antarctic and Arctic regions. In 2013, should enter into operation a new head Chinese icebreaker capable of walking on the ice up to a width of 4.5 meters. According to the deputy chief of the Municipal Management Chen Lyantszena Oceanology, the vessel will be equipped with underwater robots and bathyscaphe to conduct research of the marine environment and resources.
In Beijing, poorly evaluated activation of the Russian Federation in the Arctic region, drawing attention to the resumption of strategic bomber flights over the Arctic Distant Aviation in 2007 and set in the same year the Russian flag on the days of the Arctic Ocean. So, Dr. Guo Peytsin of China Ocean Institute, said that the disputes in the Arctic over the rights to the shelf — a "challenge which throw internationalist order and international law Our homeland and some other countries after the war cool. "
Beijing does not confuse the lack of specific output to the Arctic. In the summer of 2004 on Svalbard was discovered the first scientific Chinese Yellow River Station. This object is an area of 500 square meters. meters can provide a one-time stay here 20-25. It has four research laboratories, office and living room. Prior to 2008, the Chinese had been there eight underwater research, using a special type of deep-sea boat "Arctic" as their own production. It is capable of diving to a depth of 50 meters. Since 2008, the Chinese began to use a more recent version of the deep-sea robot, which is capable of diving to a depth of 100 meters (it did in the walls of the Shenyang Institute of Automation).
In addition, there were reports in the media that Beijing is set to use the European crisis and purchase a portion of its Icelandic countryside. And the Icelandic government and the country was in dire financial decline, first looked at the plans of praise. Immediately China is developing cooperation with Norway, which is not averse to receive financial assistance in the development of Beijing's Arctic. Oslo urges China to Consistently advanced status at the Arctic Council, which will expand the door for the Chinese to promote their own projects in the polar region.
Do not rule in Beijing and more than close cooperation with Russia, which can be useful aid in the development of the Arctic region, and of alliance with China to counter the expansion of Western powers.
Arctic region in the long term can be a real "battle field" between the West, China, Russia, enthusiasm to the region to show other countries — Japan, South Korea, etc.