Chinese efforts to claim all of the South China Sea and the sample does not allow there any foreign naval forces normally find an explanation in the economic field. In this area, placed a huge amount of valuable fishing grounds, not to mention oil and gas deposits beneath the sea floor. An additional advantage in the control of these areas is to obtain a non-hazardous patrol areas for booming (and as it should, just detectable anti-submarine means of the enemy) nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles aboard subs. Distance from the South China Sea to the Washington (DC) is about 13,000 km, the radius of the act itself of long-range SLBMs (ballistic missile submarines) is 11000 km (for the U.S. missile Trident). It appears that China will be easier to make intercontinental ballistic missiles, sea-based, capable of reaching the U.S. capital than to master the more complex technology of production is quite low-noise submarines capable of avoiding detection by South American submarines and anti-submarine aircraft. Although this sounds like a desperate decision, but China is not a lot of other viable options.
In the past year there have been several test launches Chinese SLBM (submarine launched ballistic missiles) JL (Julang) -2. The results were not encouraging. Forty 2-ton JL-2 has a range of 8,000 km actions and allows China to aim the missiles at any targets on the terrain of the United States SSBN Type 94 combat duty in Hawaii or Alaska. Any type ATL 94 can carry twelve of these missiles, which are naval version of the ground-based 42-ton intercontinental ballistic missiles, the DF-31. China has been a huge amount of problems with the JL-, which were supposed to adopt another four years back, but it did not work because of the lack of successful test launches.
Partly because of the lack of reliable ballistic missile submarines no Chinese SSBN never went on alert. Well and submarines were also very unreliable. China so far has made two generations of submarines. NPS Type 92 was adopted by first the 1980s, but because of the numerous problems never went on alert. She came out exclusively in educational campaigns in the Chinese coastal waters. Was constructed only one such boat. In the last decade there submarine Type 94. In the West believed that China now SSBN will go on combat duty, but it did not happen. It turned out that the Type 94 SSBN was also a lot of technical problems.
This sad saga began with the submarine Type 93, which looks like a thirty-class submarine Russian Victor III (Project 671 "Pike"). First Type 93 submarine was commissioned in the year 2006. NPS Type 93 was the basis for the development SSBN Type 94, which looks like Pike submarine missile compartment only. Thought restructuring nuclear strike Underwater Boats on means adding extra compartments to accommodate ballistic missiles is an old trick for the first time applied in the U.S. in the 1950s, the production of the first ever SSBN. The Chinese seem to have done the same thing with their new Type 93 submarine shock, creating a huge SSBN Type 94 displacement of 9000 tons. Value apparently paid to construction of Type 94 SSBN as owning nuclear missiles able to reach areas of the United States. This will give China more influence than some new shock Premier League. First Type 94 submarine was commissioned three years back. But until now did not come out into the sea, curb nuclear missiles.
Pointing to the sea the first two new 7,000-ton submarine Type 93, China apparently was not in the ecstasy of their work. From 94 NS type is expected the best results. Type 93 submarines were very boomy, also had a very very long list of smaller flaws. It's not clear how many submarines Type 93 will be built, probably less than 3-6. Additional resources are apparently directed at the creation of the subsequent class attack submarine, Type 95, and the subsequent class SSBN, the Type 96.
Nuclear submarines Type 93 and Type 94 are in the design and construction of more than 10 years. Work on the Type 94 began in the 1990s. For years, all that was clear — this is what the Chinese are experiencing technical neuvvyazkami on their own boats. Type 94 is a modern nuclear Underwater boat made with the introduction of technologies acquired in Russia, plus the fact that it was achieved without the help of other Chinese in their own previous efforts in the field of nuclear submarine building. Despite the fact that the Chinese are having a hard time when trying to make a reliable and low-noise nuclear submarines, they are determined to acquire the necessary skills. And they do it by trial and error. South American intelligence believes that China is currently focused on the development of new nuclear submarine Type 96. China headed for progress in the development of more reliable land-based ICBMs, which means that they have the technology for the creation of such an SLBM.