The dispute over the islands, perhaps, Beijing and Tokyo, and even venturing did not, if not the same waters that the islands or, rather, islands adjacent. The sea there is only rich in fish and other seafood, and mineral resources — hydrocarbons. And if the abundance of seafood in the local depth has long been known and were caught, in principle, to all and sundry (and residents of the country of the rising sun, and the Chinese, and Taiwanese fishermen), then there's the presence of huge amounts of minerals found relatively recently — in the seventies.
So here is the problem of abundant natural supplies around the islands in the near future become an occasion not only to diplomatically picks, and to open a show of military force, with which China and Japan want to resolve the territorial issue.
If we talk about the history of the Senkaku (Diaoyu or Diaoyutai), the title of which is translated into Russian as "the island of fishermen" ("fishing island"), that in this respect there are two versions.
The first version — the Chinese. If governed by it, it turns out that the Diaoyu Islands are open Chinese sailors back in the second half of the XIV century, then these same sailors pointed them at their own cards, which prompted the Chinese consider the island. Official control was carried out at all from central China, and from Taipei. This administrative affiliation persisted right up to the end of the XIX century, when Japan went to war against the Qing empire. The reason for the war was that the inhabitants of the country of the rising sun wanted to gain control over the Korean peninsula, which at that time was ruled by the last Chinese imperial dynasty. The result of this military conflict was the defeat of China and the signing of the so-called contract of Shimonoseki, which is practically China translated into a cross between an independent state and a Japanese colony. Many Chinese historians refer to the contract signed in the town of Shimonoseki, the real humiliation for the country, because China has been under contract to pay residents of the country of the rising sun multimillion indemnity (in silver), to give the Liaodong Peninsula, peninsula Taiwan, which together with the same Diaoyu Islands, which in 1895 is, in principle, not enough attention to who directed the stern. And if after the intervention in the Japanese-Chinese spores of, France and Germany inhabitants of the country of the rising sun had from some of the claims at the end of 1895 to abandon, the control of Taiwan and the Diaoyu Islands, which became the Senkaku by the Land of the Rising Sun preserved.
For exactly half a century, these areas were considered for the State of the Rising Sun, until she suffered a crushing defeat in the second World War. After September 2, 1945 control of the so-referred to as Southern Territories Land of the Rising Sun, in which and included the Senkaku established Americans. But in the 70 years accomplished a historic transfer of de facto control over Okinawa (southern provinces of the country of the rising sun) by the Yankees in the address Tokyo. Chinese officials and historians say that the transfer was illegal, since the results of Japan second world deprived of all the conquered "foreign" territories, and the United States to bestow such gifts just do not have the right.
2nd Version — Japanese. Tokyo, in principle, does not dispute the fact that the Diaoyu open Chinese sailors, but argue that fundamentally milestone stories Senkaku must be considered specifically in 1895, when the Land of the Rising Sun won the war in the Middle Kingdom, and therefore received the island in his possession. And the results of the second world war, Japan is not inclined to consider …
Realizing that it is now time to take the "bull", and more precisely the Senkaku Islands, "by the horns" in Tokyo decided to use a very unique turn. It turns out that all the disputed islands soon were in private hands. Had them influential representatives in the Country of the Rising Sun family — Kurihara. What did you do on these tiny rocky islands, which are located more than 400 kilometers from Okinawa, these same Kurihara, are not reported, but it is reported that the authorities have rented Kurihara several mini-archipelago of islands Senkaku cost about 314 thousand dollars a year for management of fisheries there. So here's to show the Chinese that the Senkaku now can only belong to the Land of the Rising Sun, the official Tokyo decided to pay a little more than the gentlemen Kurihara 26.2 million dollars and that the island simply purchase. Say, Beijing immediately cooled, if find out — now our island just as we are about to buy them.
However, such commercial move by Japanese authorities not cooled the ardor of the Chinese. Instead of that (as it was thought the residents of the country of the rising sun) to give up their claim to the Senkaku Beijing was, well almost, and sent to the islands already purchased a couple of patrol vessels of the Navy. Right now, they say, and see who the owner of the islands …
After the rise of the Chinese navy warships from Tokyo heard word that Beijing was violating international law and tries to encroach on the territorial integrity of the Land of the Rising Sun. But for a few days before the Chinese warships in the disputed waters of the boats were strolling Japanese police and border guards, and that even the Chinese called the attack on the territorial integrity of China.
Apparently, the words of the Japanese and Chinese favorites, uttered during the APEC summit in Vladivostok that need to be addressed the problem of joint efforts, Hu Jintao, and Yoshihiko Noda themselves have forgotten immediately after returning home. Noteworthy that the foreign minister Land of the Rising Sun Koichiro Gemba said very non-diplomatic tone that Tokyo will not give Senkaku under any criteria.
Of course, the same rocky bits of land, lost in the sea, may be a prerequisite of further large-scale conflict has lately. If you consider that any of the parties is not going to give in, the conflict is likely to be reincarnated in some slow process with the development of certain kinds of provocations and demonstrations of its own supremacy in the islands is the one, then the other. It is natural that bring the case to open clashes hardly anyone dares, and hence, the problem will remain tense for a long time.
Not trying to take in the matter of one's (Japanese or Chinese) position, we can say the subsequent: here and found a cut diamond. Japan, which recognizes the results of the war in 1895, ended in a victory for her, weird way not recognize the results of the second World War, the defeat in which deprived it claims not only to the South, and in the northern areas (Kuril Islands). The striking selectivity of China … And in this respect may be referred to generally by the state, which by its often unsubstantiated territorial ambitions, you can make the world book of records. Who will be stronger: stone or spit — the question of the philosophical …