In June, a Chinese aircraft carrier "Shi Lang" (formerly bore the name of "Varyag"), the Chinese shipbuilding enterprise Changxingdao Shipyard were established separate electrical systems, radars and weapons. Prior to 2015, China plans to lower the water the first two aircraft carriers of its own production — the middle class, with the usual power plant, with a displacement of 48,000 to 64,000 tonnes ("Type 089"). In the period 2015 — 2020 years to be built two nuclear aircraft carriers, which will be compared with South American giants — ie displacement of 93 thousand tonnes ("Type 085"). Immediately in the process of developing and staying fairly unusual system of tools, among which antiship ballistic missile DF-21D (RSD modified DF-21), set to hit aircraft carriers at a range of up to 2,800 km.
In the last 20 5 years China continuously reduces its own ground troops — but increases the number of Navy, which at the present time is, about 30 percent of the military budget China. In the words of Dr. State Military Institute, in the past the U.S. Navy Naval Officer, Bernard Cole, this nuance shows that its fleet Beijing sees as a tool of national security. Also indicative is the development of views on the role of the navy. So, zam.komanduyuschego naval forces of China in the East China Sea, Admiral Huachen Chen said that the Chinese maritime strategy is transformed, and the safety of coastal China crosses the protection of the distant sea borders. He continued that, as the economic interests of the country grow, fleet must make the necessary protection of shipping routes and ensure the safety of sea lanes.
Not so long ago, China Named South China Sea, the main area of their own interests — on a par with Tibet and Taiwan, saying the United States, which is not allowed to interfere in the affairs of third countries in the region. At the same time, getting a huge share of raw materials from the Middle East and Africa China has gradually gets to the western Indian Ocean. So, at the end of March this year, two Chinese warships for the first time in modern history have visited the port of Abu Dhabi. According to the Pakistani Defense Minister Ahmed Mukhtar, the emergence of the military-sea China base in Pakistan is very better.
Most likely, were due to mutual agreements. For example, China has invested in the construction of Gwadar port, which placed in the Pakistani part of Balochistan, on the shore of the Gulf of Oman, the large amount. Gwadar "hangs" over the trade in ways that lead to the West from the Persian Gulf.
China's interests and directed to Sri Lanka, where right next door in India built Hambantota port. Third supporting Beijing's position in the Indian Ocean — the port of Sittwe, located in Burma's ally China. All three ports are included in the "string of pearls" — Chinese line support pt, which stretches to the Persian Gulf.
China's economy is in a particularly serious dependence on imported resources, and this dependence tends to increase. China already completed extensive economic expansion in the Near and Middle East and Africa — and these investments must somehow be defended. Most of the raw material is imported by sea ways, with all this great coastal China is actually quite "shielded" American satellites. All along the Chinese coast placed "fence" of the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan and South Korea. In the south, there is a "gate" — but it leads to the South China Sea, which is closed to the east devotees USA Philippines, and in the south (in the Malacca Straits) — Singapore (in which although dominated by the Chinese population, but it is practically a southern Taiwan) .
In other words, between China and the raw material is America, and it irritates the Chinese. In addition, the U.S. try all the harder to grasp the Chinese dragon for the larynx. For the past couple of years, Washington is coming to the zone of influence of China. Already split Sudan which is the principal trader of oil to China and the estate of companies from China. Now it is the turn of Libya, where China's interests are also significant.
While these "machinations" are veiled character — but the tendency to respond to the power of the economic expansion of China has already formed. China, soberly assessing the evolving situation and hoping in the U.S. commitment to the principles of fair competition, trying to protect their investment and communication. On the one hand, China finds other routes to the ocean — a dependent allied Pakistan and Burma (but these routes are inconvenient because of the enthusiasm of India and the same America). On the other — and is increasing its naval power projection forces in distant regions.
In the words of the head of the South American Pacific Fleet commander Admiral Willard, the U.S. special concern is the event that the modernization of the armed forces of China looks against the freedom of action of the United States in the region. It seems quite outlook Admiral support in Washington. De facto, the Pentagon does not name his Chinese opponent, but not so long ago, most of the multi-purpose submarines of the United States were relocated to the Pacific ocean from the Atlantic. Research ships of the U.S. Navy is quite often occur near the submarine base on China's Hainan peninsula. The result is that sometimes conflicts arise because of attempts to oust the Chinese ships of the South American coastal waters.
China needs the fleet, and with all this more to give warranty for themselves from another U.S. enlightenment and outright arm-twisting "in which case". But even the huge Navy are not a guarantee until the broken "fence". America, in its own turn, can not allow ourselves to lose complete control of the sea in this region — it will bring down its zone of influence in Eastern Asia. The vast majority are U.S. allies or island countries, there is little or island (for example, North Korea is better, if the ocean covers the South). If China is relative, depending on the sea link, the satellites Washington — completely. So Makar, the loss of sea advantages in the western Pacific threatens America's geopolitical catastrophe. So Makar, unattainable no stable compromise.
A similar situation emerged in the German-British relations before World War I — in common parlance it is called "fork Tirpitz."
Germany's economy developed rapidly, but depended on the export of finished goods and imports of raw materials — the main sea ways. But the sea was dominated by Great Britain. As a result, there was a "plan Tirpitz", which foresaw a fleet that may cause the English Navy strike, sufficient in order to Britain lost its dominance in the sea space. But the big German Navy gun became a deadly threat to the island of Britain. Finally came the military clash of empires 2.
Essentially, at this point in the South China and East China Seas is seen the same collision, which was in the North 100 years ago. Can you imagine the potential that the confrontation escalates into open confrontation? The main argument against such scenarios — an economic f
actor. The U.S. economy and China are interdependent-industry of China is heavily working on the American market. But in-1's, we must realize that this situation may rapidly change. Creating a cheap fakes to a large extent become irrelevant. The current trend — is the creation of this industry with a significant added cost. This industry is able to finance the social security system and pay tolerable wages — but once it consumes much more raw materials per unit of GDP. In other words, at the moment in China, instead of the economy, which has worked on shtatovskih market and did not actually competing with the U.S. for raw materials, forms the economy, which is not a lot is dependent on the South American market, but ruthlessly vying for every ton of alumina and a barrel of oil. But of course, that takes a lot of time a complete change of lifestyle.
In-2, Britain and Germany a century earlier been shown that the mutual dependence of economies does not become an obstacle to war. Britain at the turn of the century was losing its industry — but many users at once, relying on the reserve currency, bolshennuyu financial strength, colonial exploitation and trade. In contrast, Germany, at what price rabsily initially was lower (about the same reasons as in China), very many manufactures, but with all this, the German domestic market even before World War II was very limited. In the end, an important consumer of German products was the United Kingdom. But this does not become a barrier of armed conflict.
On this basis, the clash between China and the U.S. looks almost inevitable. And Russia is fundamentally not come to be between 2-lights and the ability to wield influence on the development of the situation. How to achieve it — a little problem for Russian diplomats.