China evenly and fairly successfully implementing their plans and principal gallakticheskie with frightening speed rushes into space.
Start the Chinese gallakticheskoy programmke was given in 1956. The first goal was the conclusion applets into Earth orbit satellite, the Chinese are planning an event to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the founding of the PRC. At the same time in order to develop applets was laid ballistic missiles able to rebuff tricky capitalist west. The tenth anniversary of the Chinese satellite launch failed, but the launch of China's first ballistic missile DF-1 was successful, he was held in 1960. DF-1 missile was in fact a clear copy of the Russian missile R-2.
First time, all the Chinese development related to space, were only the military, but since 1968 China took tightly peaceful exploration of outer space. The Research Institute was created gallakticheskoy medicine and engineering, and began an active recruitment of Chinese counterpart astronauts — taikonaut.
Already in 1970, the unit "Dong-hong 1 fan", who was the first Chinese satellite, appeared in orbit. Over the next couple of years, China managed to run a few more satellites, but in comparison with the U.S. gallakticheskimi achievements and successes of the Middle Kingdom CCCR looked pale. Already at that time, the Chinese have considered plans for the implementation of manned space flight, but right up to the mid-90s of the last century the implementation of such operations seemed quite incomprehensible now.
In 1994, Our homeland has sold China some its quite old, developed back in the middle of the 20th century, gallakticheskie technologies used to produce the most reliable gallakticheskih ships — the famous "Union". 5 years later, in 1999, the Chinese launched its own first gallaktichesky ship under the title "Shengzhou-1" ("Sky Boat"), in conjunction, of course, is a significant event to the next anniversary, the 50th anniversary of the PRC. In space, "Sky Boat", as yet without people stayed 21 hours. In 2001, aboard the "Shengzhou-1" The dog went into space, and then the monkeys, bunny, mouse cells and tissues, and the standards have virtually hundreds of animals and plants, and microorganisms.
In the next two flights headed mannequins people to the true value. And, finally, in 2003, on board the ship "Shengzhou-5" space went first Chinese taikonaut Yang Liwei. "Sky Boat" number 5 has stayed in orbit 21 hour 22 minute, having made 14 revolutions around the earth.
Although part-time residence of the first taikonaut in space does not pale in comparison with the records of astronauts and Russian cosmonauts U.S., though China has joined the elite club of states able to put a man into space.
In 2005, there was the second manned mission, which lasted five days. In 2008 taikonaut flew to the third time, this time in the first time in the history of Chinese Astronautics taikonaut named Zhai Zhigang made a spacewalk. Overboard Zhigang was 25 minutes.
Manned flights — this is only a small part of the excellent Chinese gallakticheskoy applets, which comes into plans to create its own space station, sending missions to the Moon and Mars exploration. At the current time Celestial already have gained quite noticeable results in all these areas.
First module of the ISS Chinese went into orbit in 1998, the operation of the plant is planned to finish in 2025. China is not a party applets Internatsionalnaya gallakticheskoy station, but very about the Chinese do not seem to worry, because the Celestial Empire wants to have her own orbit "Heavenly Palace." Initially, it was planned to send into space the first laboratory module Tiangong-1 station ("Heavenly Palace") at the end of last year, but later ship date was postponed to the second half of 2011.
According to the plan to dock with the palace "Shengzhou-9" and "Shengzhou-10", which will take to the module "Tiangong-1" taikonaut. By 2020, the interior space station should be extended another 2-module, the main and another laboratory. It is planned that Chinese analogue of the ISS orbit will last at least 10 years of age.
With the start of the 2007 satellite "Chang'e-1" was launched to the moon and the Chinese lunar programm. "Chang'e-1" held in the orbit of the Earth satellite 16 months, ending his first goal in March 2009, he crashed into the surface of the moon.
Second lunar probe 'Chang'e-2 "was first launched in October 2010. "Chang'e-2", addressing the orbit altitude of 100 km above the surface of the moon, exploring the surface and looks for a place to land the Chinese lunar probe 'Chang'e-3. "
Start "Chang'e-3" is scheduled for 2013 year. The unit will take a six-wheeled lunar rover on the moon. As an energy source for the rover would be used radioactive isotopes.
Just behind the lunar rover in 2017 will go to the moon taikonaut who have already started training.
Development of Mars
In November 2013 the orbit of Mars, the Chinese plan to launch a research probe. Structurally, it is similar to lunar probes, with representatives of the Chinese Astronautics emphasize the fact that all the scientific instruments will be made in China. If Chinese engineers do not have time to finish all the work by the end of 2013, the appropriate time to start the orbits of Earth and Mars will be very close, be presented in 2016.
Start Mars probe "Inho-1" is scheduled for November 2011. In space the unit will display Russian rocket — co-worker "Inho-1" will be an interplanetary station "Phobos-Grunt".
To realize these excellent plans for the PRC are required gallakticheskie site. Now China already has three spaceport, and by 2013 it is planned to build another. Alcázar's new launch site was started in 2009 and will be placed on the peninsula of Hainan, the place is chosen well, so the launch site at low latitudes will allow China to lower the costs of running vehicles beyond Earth.
Certainly, China is not the only country that aspires to become one of the favorites in the conquest of space. Our homeland and the United States generally accepted favorites in this case, also often send ships and research units. He tries to keep up with Europe. India also achieves success, the lunar probe this country has become one of the devices, found water on the moon. Gallakticheskie have ambitions and other developing countries. In addition, many Chinese gallakticheskie borrow technology from the Russian Federation, for example, suits taikonaut is a modified version of our "Falcons" and their "Sky Boat" nearly all copied from the "Union."
Still, the rapid development of China's own industry gallakticheskoy makes harsh application for first place in the as yet officially unannounced gallakticheskoy race.