His first station China plan to launch in the second half of the present year. And this machine Celestial considers only as a rehearsal before starting another 2-like single-module stations and, eventually, the construction of a multi-prolonged outpost.
The first-born Chinese gallakticheskih stations, "heavenly palace number 1» (Tiangong 1), was due to go into orbit in 2010, but the launch was postponed. New date — Autumn 2011.
According disk imaging Space.com, the module "Tiangong-1", weighs 8.5 tons. At length station consists of 10.5 meters, and its greatest width is 3.4 m
Engineers are already preparing for the launch of Tiangong 1. Reddish banner says: "Carry the spirit of human space flight, to ensure full success of the mission docking" (photo globaltimes.cn, China Manned Space Engineering Office).
In October 2011, to the "Tiangong" should gallakticheskoy go unmanned spacecraft Shenzhou 8. It will produce docking station under the control of Earth.
In 2012, the first to own the station gallakticheskoy Chinese plan to send a manned mission, Shenzhou 9 and Shenzhou 10. On each of the ships will be three taikonaut. They need some time to work on board the "palace".
The module Tiangong 1 is a two-year work (illustrations centurychina.com, techno-science.net).
The next step will be run applets gallakticheskih stations Tiangong 2 and Tiangong 3 in 2013 and 2015, respectively.
The Chinese do not offer details, but in late April at a press conference in Beijing, the Chinese bureaucrats are told that these two flying laboratory will send several temporary crews. With all this Tiangong 2 will be able to take three taikonaut within 20 days, and Tiangong 3 — 40 days.
These stations posodeystvuyut China develop the technologies regeneration of air and water on board, and recharging of air and fuel by ships arriving.
And all three "heavenly palace" will serve as a testing ground for different sites and technologies that China is going to be used in the deployment of its own long-term stations. She note will only be only the third multi-module space station in history (after "World" and ISS).
The name of this orbital home has not elected (bureaucrats asked everyone to offer suggestions). But it is clear that the station will consist of the base and 2-laboratory modules.
The main unit will consist of a length of 18.1 meters, and its maximum width of 4.2 meters Laboratory modules a little more modest: 14.4 m in length, with the same diameter. Weigh any of the three modules should be about 20 tons, and the whole plant, respectively, approximately 60 tons.
Several docking stations allow gallakticheskoy fourth station in China get an extension in the form of laboratory modules and for all that has to take at once manned and cargo ships. Right across the bottom, one of the layouts of the future of a multi station the Chinese have shown in the last Air Show Airshow China (illustration nasaspaceflight.com, China Manned Space Engineering Office, Xinhua, Ranwen / Imaginechina).
According to Yang Liwei (Yang Liwei), "Chinese Gagarin" and the deputy head of the department manned gallakticheskoy applets (China Manned Space Engineering Office), a permanent station China plans to build in space around 2020.
To her will often arrive as manned and cargo ships. The latter has already developed on the basis of Shenzhou. It will weigh about 13 tons, with the largest diameter 3.35 meters.
The implication is that such a big station will operate abiding already a crew of three. Work out this gallakticheskaya laboratory must 10 years. China wants to carry on her experiences in the field of radiobiology, astronomy, and so on.
Apparently, the orbital station will serve as a true pillar for the development of manned astronautics in China. It is no coincidence in the Celestial vengeance expand taikonaut squad. At the current time, prepared to fly 21 Chinese astronaut, including two ladies.
According disk imaging magazine Discover, docking stations, the Chinese system will be compatible with those in the ISS. This means that in theory the ships that are created to fly to the International gallakticheskuyu station will be able to tie up and away from the Chinese (illustrations China Manned Space Engineering Office, nasaspaceflight.com).
Of course, China is following the path traversed once the USSR (Russia) and the United States. But the gradual opening up space for the Chinese — not a blank copy achievements of the past. Ultimately, such a leisurely gait, they can all go further. The Chinese, by the way, report that they were developing a heavy launch vehicles than are available to them at the moment. In addition, in Hainan Province will be built another spaceport.
With all this China vengeance wants to increase international cooperation in space. Jiang Guohua (Jiang Guohua), a doctor from Beijing Research and Training Center taikonaut, said: "We will stick to the policy of opening to the outside world. We believe that some scientific experiments on the station will be selected from other states, which should contribute to the exchange of internationalist. "