Automatic Rifle «QBZ 95" — designed for use in the Chinese armed forces as a personal tool. Assault Rifle is also known under the title "TYPE 95".
History «QBZ 95."
In the 80 years of the last century, opens the program from the War Department on the creation of the Russian cartridge has a small recoil momentum and accordingly design tools with its implementation.
Cartridge Chinese spices developed 5.8h42 mm, he received the title of «DBP87».
As pointed out by the developers, the cartridge is superior to the main features of firing bullets 5.56 × 45-mm-mm 5.45h39. Under cartridge designed the "TYPE 87", which is a modernized version of the "TYPE 56" with some changes to improve the accuracy of fire. "TYPE 56" — a licensed copy of a Kalashnikov.
Rifles and machine guns "TYPE 87" were carried out in a limited number, and entered service a number of special divisions.
The first is an instrument with a serial implementation of the new weapon was a sniper maloimpulsnogo rifle "TYPE 88". QBU 88 was made by assembly scheme bullpup. "TYPE 88" was the best decision based on it have started to develop an automatic tool, one of which is assault rifle «QBZ-95."
After a series of successful tests in '95, PIM QBZ-95 comes into service in the armed forces of China. Publicly assault rifle appeared in 1997 after the return of Hong Kong under Chinese control, then the Chinese garrison in Hong Kong was one hundred percent armed PIM QBZ-95.
The main components of the QBZ-95.
«TYPE 95" changed the obsolete machine «TYPE 81", which is a modernized AK-47 caliber 7.62×39 mm ammunition.
The rifle is one hundred percent automatic weapon, with a short stroke piston.
Butterfly valve closes one hundred percent barrel at three stops. From the top, to the receiver, under the holding pen, located cocking handle. Thanks to a trigger mechanism based on trigger an AK-47 rifle can carry both single and automatic fire. The very choice of shooting translator located on the right hand side on the rear of the rifle rifle corps.
The order of selection modes shooting was not modified and the appropriate choice of firing a Kalashnikov, which is not quite typical for modern automatic assault rifles. As with AK and was an additional choice of shooting a small queue for three rounds.
Receiver box is made of aluminum alloy, the body rifle made of frosted plastic.
Based on the assembly of a bullpup, rear tiller shooting housed store of ammunition. The ultimate, the rear side is used to lock the shoulder in the management of the fire.
The gun is not suitable for left-handers — a window to eject shell casings taken from the right side of the rifle, and placed very close to the man's head, with the substitution of the hands of left-handed release liner will be right in the face.
Located on the rifle itself a modern approach as removable handle for moving the guns, it is placed pillar, which has controlled the situation. Tiller production and bracket shooting done by one component with the body made of plastic, with all this enlarged portion of the bracket acts as an additional support for the left hand.
Meals identical Kalashnikov rifles, the shop has a capacity of 30 rounds.
The set comes with a rifle bayonet, belt to move the gun and cleaning kit to service the assault rifle.
Extras BC QBZ-95: The day sight, night sights, grenade launcher (QLG91B caliber 35mm, LG2 and LG1 caliber 40 mm) and Riot Gun (TYPE B) caliber 38 mm for police operations with the introduction of special ammunition.
It is also possible to use for firing rifle grenades, which can be worn on the barrel of the rifle.
Modifications to the BC QBZ-95:
— basic model QBZ-95;
— model with a small barrel QBZ-95B is designed for special forces and Navy of China;
— machine gun QBB-95 LSW is made with a longer barrel potyazhelevshim has exaggerated traits rate of fire. Store in the form of a drum with a capacity of 75 or 100 rounds;
— QBZ-97 model is made under the munition 5.56h45-mm NATO standard. The receiver for the shop «STANAG 4179." Perhaps the introduction of compatible stores (quite suitable store off of I-16);
— special model QBZ-97B. Based on the QBZ-97, has a short barrel;
— machine gun QBB-97 LSW. Based on the QBB-95 LSW, uses NATO caliber cartridge 5.56h45 mm.
The main properties of the QBZ-95:
— weight 3.25 kg;
— length 745 mm guns;
— barrel 463 mm;
— 5.8h42-mm ammunition;
— line rate of 650 rounds / min;
— Shop 30 ammunition;
— reference range precision fire 400 meters;
— the mechanism works — Butterfly, removal of gases at stelbe.
Assault rifle QBZ-95 and its modifications are in service of such countries: China, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Cambodia.