Later replacement Afanasyevskaya archaeological culture comes Andronovo culture XVII-IX centuries BC. e. "Andron" in the south to the area occupied by modern Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan to the east — the Southern Urals, Western Siberia. One of the most famous settlements "Andron" — this arch in the Chelyabinsk region.
"Princess" of Kizilskoe burial and "Smith" from the burial Alexander-4. (2nd half of the III millennium BC). Representatives of the pit culture — arkaimtsev direct ancestors who lived for 200-300 years before the construction of Arkaim.
It should be noted that in the I millennium BC. e. Xinjiang (East Turkestan) was inhabited by people Caucasians. More early period — of early Neolithic and Mesolithic in South Siberia and Central Asia are still poorly studied, but there is no reason to believe that at that time was different. The Chinese civilization has evolved to the south — in the Yellow River basin. It is clear that the Indo-European (Aryan) and Chinese civilizations were interacting with the oldest ages. And there is archaeological evidence. So the researchers sent a note that ancient agricultural culture of China are Western Union, "European" origin.
In the basin of the Yellow River were two types of Neolithic cultures (Greek νέος — new, λίθος — stone, Stone Age, the last stage of the Stone Age). First type was common in the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River, right up to the bend of the river to the east, the second — down the river, directly to the ocean. Scientists have found that the western group (Yangshao culture — V-II millennium BC. E) previously developed east, the center of its initial formation region was the Weihe River, right tributary of the Yellow River. Two cultures differ quite much, even the main crop was different — in the east preferred rice, millet in the west (broomcorn). Different and ceramics, in the west of the dishes were of the same type as that in large areas of continental Eurasia. In the east, ceramics had specific kind — Containers on three legs (tripod), which is not seen anywhere else, except for China. Notable for the type of housing in the west — one-square semi-dugouts with one or more carriers and pillars inside the hearth in front: in the east — multi-chamber house without pillars and the fireplace in one of the walls. Really different and funeral ritual: the upper and middle reaches of the river — the burial were the main focus in the north-west. And on the lower reaches of the Yellow River — on east. It says about the difference of religious beliefs.
Racially East and West were Mongoloid, but some differences between the inhabitants of the middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River, the rumor of a Caucasoid race component. Thus, in the Weihe basin people were more extensive and highest face and eye socket (Kryukov, MV, MV Sofronov, Cheboksarov NN ancient Chinese: the problem of ethnogenesis, 1978.). According to the views of the historian and archaeologist Yuri Petukhov, Mongoloid race is generally formed as a result of mixing of migrants, the Cro-Magnon era Caucasians and local archanthropines — Sinanthropus (Latin Sinanthropus pekinensis — «Peking Man"). In the 20-10 thousand years of our era in the field of modern Mongolia and China were constant waves of migration Boreale, in the terminology of Petukhov "Rus" in other words "white, pure" people with light skin, hair and eyes. Mingling with archanthropines, given their dominant genes — "Russ" assimilated, but gave the descendants of the more advanced capabilities of the real and spiritual culture. So on the first Mongoloid predetnosy — the forefathers of Chinese, Koreans, Mongolians, Japanese, etc. In the 8-3 millennium BC. e. in South-East Asia leaked wave Indo-Caucasoid (Aryan). Mingling with the Mongoloid predetnosov, they formed a group of so-called. "Chinese white", "white Kazakhs", etc. They differ from the more conventional Mongoloids highest growth, fair skin, light eyes, and often hair. Some of them became the ruling elite in their own nationalities — in this key eyed and tan giant Genghis Khan. At the same time, "Russ" occupied large areas of modern Russian civilization — from the Carpathians, the Danube, the northern coast of the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean and North China. For all this they retain the main features of the Caucasoid and superethnos Russes. "Scythian-Siberian World" Caucasians was for millennia a kind of barrier that divided the two races, for all that is constantly giving a wave of migration to the south. For example, a modern Indian civilization to this day retains a lot of the old traditions of the Indo-Aryans. It is safe to state that superethnos Russes made its migratory waves of civilization land of the rising sun, Korea, China, India (only India but retained the Caucasoid physical type, the Indo-European languages, some of the traditions and beliefs). More details about this global process can be found in research papers YD Petukhov — "History of the Rus ',' Russian Scythia (co-author — NI Vasiliev)," Sverhevolyutsiya. Superethnos Russes "and others.
The Scythians. A plaque with the image of the Scythians, hunting with bows. Gold. 7-2 centuries. BC. e. The Hermitage.
Accumulate more and more data showing that Chinese civilization was not a "radical" autochthonous. She first took shape under the influence is not small in the north-west, from the Proto-Indo-European and the population. It is interesting that this trend has continued right up to the present day — in the 20th century China's independence was restored by Stalin's Soviet Union, Russian Alliance has promoted to the modern industrial base of China, shared with her by the advanced technology. In the late 20th early 21st century, scientific and technological breakthrough in the Middle Kingdom was almost all related to the influx of scientific legacy of the USSR. For example, a large number of Chinese aircraft, gallakticheskih vehicles, naval ships, armored vehicles, etc., are made by copying and im
proving Soviet-Russian technology. The sign of this historical process — the first "Chinese"Aircraft carrier" Varyag ".
Back in the ancient times. Pottery Culture Jansa has a clear resemblance to the old utensils centers farming cultures in Central Asia and in the Danube-Dnieper rivers — Tripoli culture (VI-III millennium BC. E.). And, apparently, was not the way of immigrants from Iran and Central Asia, Mongolia and Southern Siberia. So, ceramics Banpo — is an archaeological monument in the Yellow River valley to the east of the town of Xi'an, there were found several Neolithic settlements dating back to 4500, the — early 3rd millennium BC. e., very similar to the Scythian. In principle, the relationship with the Yangshao culture Anau (Central Asia) and Tripoli fully yavna — they were formed at the periphery of the "Great Scythia."
By the middle of the 3rd millennium BC. e. yanshaoskogo culture has captured a large enough area — almost all izluku Yellow River. Apparently, this time is identical with the semi-mythical period of the "Five Emperors", which is mentioned in the Chinese sources (the time of formation of Chinese civilization). At about 2300-2200 BC. e. An ancient center of the Yangshao culture in the Weihe basin has experienced a crisis. In its place has moved from the east culture Longshan. And in this time of "northern part" clearly traced, including poluzemlyanochny, Scythian type of housing. Chinese written sources report that just in the 22-21 century BC. e. in the country established the Xia Dynasty. This dynasty also had a north-western origin, "northerners" were ruling class Xia kingdom. This tradition, when representatives of the northern nations did the new ruling dynasty and the elite of the country, preserved for thousands of years.
Location of the Xia Dynasty.
During the reign of the Xia ended approximately around 1600 BC. e. Began the reign of the Shang Dynasty (or Yin) in this period came strengthening the eastern parts. During this period, preserved due to the Indo-European culture — Yin letter has great similarity with Middle Eastern characters (L. Vasilyev difficulties genesis of Chinese civilization. M., 1976.). It can be concluded that the Chinese writing system was developed with the participation of representatives of the northern civilization (which is also provided a tremendous impact on the region Near East). In the era of the country Shang (1600 to 1027 before our era) in China appeared to develop the production of bronze, with ready-made. She was moved from the center of metallurgy developed in the Tien Shan and Altai, where, apparently, and opened the technology. Another brand new development of this period — the chariot. It was also obtained in finished form without local counterparts. Chinese sources of the period report that to the north of the country Shang (Yin) lived nationality Zhou Rong and Di. They outline how normal Caucasians — the people with bright eyes and a thick reddish beard, there are archaeological remains of a Scythian "animal style".
In the upper reaches of the Yellow River in Gansu province, in the era of bronze (2 millennium BC. E.) Qijia a culture. In it were heightened western parts — has been extinct since the burial orientation in the north-west, Caucasoid features in the population. The remains purely Caucasoid type found in the tombs of the "great town Shang" (Kingdom of Yin), at the time had a custom intsy sacrificed prisoners of war — they are often waged war with the "northern barbarians."
Fighting ended with the defeat intsev Zhou, Ying-Shan kingdom fell — a period of domination of the Zhou Dynasty (1045-256 BC. Oe). With their tradition of slavery gave way to the traditional public-community hierarchy that linked the supreme ruler, the son of Heaven, and the peasantry. In the same period, China has come to develop processing of iron. Chou were representatives of the old Caucasoid peoples of Central Asia (Rus-Scythians) and brought to China a new cultural momentum. It was also their own writing, but eventually overcame local variety. In addition, it should be noted that the Zhou dynasty claimed its continuity with the Xia dynasty, around the period of Yin. Chinese sources build origin Chou Jung and their relatives for the first emperors — Huangdi and Yandi, who ruled around the middle of 3 millennium BC. e., it was the heyday of the Yangshao culture. Huang was listed as the founder of the genus Chi (zhou) and Yandi — kind Jiang (Jung).
So Makar, of course, that in Central Asia between 5-2 millennium BC. e. was developed civilization, made by representatives of the snow-white race (Caucasians). This civilization was a carrier of the developed material and spiritual culture — the ability of agriculture, cattle breeding, the creation of bronze and iron, had their own written language and invented the wheel trucks. All these achievements have been transferred Mongoloid populations of the Yellow River (from the first kings of the Chinese system and got Diagrams). Chinese civilization was formed under the influence of this powerful massive northern civilization. But she had a strong "conservative" center on the east side of the ocean, because the region in the 1 thousand. e. was the site of the formation of the old ethnic Chinese.
But genetics Mongoloids dominant against Caucasians, because the end of the old civilizations of Central Asia was completely predictable. The ruling elite is quite swiftly disappeared into the local population — as opposed to the Aryans in the Old India, which are rigidly observed caste-class division. Soon Western zhuny, similar chou, began to consider the Zhou Dynasty, as an alien and aggressive war resumed. In the year 771 BC. e. zhuny Zhou captured the capital, the center of the kingdom was moved to the east — dynasty Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770 BC. E. — 256 BC. E.).
Zhuny were common native Aryan-Scythian root — bred horses were awesome warriors wore longish hair and beard were building housing semi-dugouts, burned their own dead, etc. They have made several trips to the capital of the Eastern Zhou participated in the wars of the era of "Warring . " Part of them became part of the Kingdom of Qin, giving him the ruling dynasty. Other zhuny made his kingdom — Itsyuy. Qin and Itsyuy had a long struggle with varying success. But ultimately, Qin won up and join the land Jung, assimilating them, it became the most massive state. Qin subordinated to all of the then China itself. Thus was created the Qin empire — its founder was a famous ruler of Qin Shihuang (during the reign of 246 BC. E.-210 BC. Oe). However, soon after his death, she fell. Part Jung retreated to Tibet, where the remnants of their old culture persisted until the end of the 1st millennium AD. e.
Around the 7th century BC. e. Chinese sources recorded in either di dinliny. Another genus of northern origin. They are of the highest stature, had blue and green eyes, built a wood-frame buildings, were engaged in cattle breeding and agriculture, has the highest technology for smelting iron, just moved from place to place. They also just found Scythians (Rus). They appeared on the outskirts of China, when the Scythians "officially" appeared on the tremendous expanse of Eurasia — from the Carpathian Mountains and the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean. Archaeologists have documented the Scythian traces in Northern China — and it's normal for them to implement, harness and decorations. Dee put under his control virtually the e
ntire East China, while their relatives zhuny controlled the western region. It is in this period — the middle of the 7th century BC. e., majestic Scythia have gained the highest power, controlling almost the whole of Asia. However, period their rule was short-lived.
I must say that the Chinese historians of the first half of the 20th century did not deny the tremendous value of the northern (Scythian) of the element in the development of Chinese civilization. Historian Wang Tong-ling, with an emphasis on ancient sources, described the ethnogenesis of the Chinese people as a wave-like process that ran from west to east. He identified four major waves: first Srednekitayskoy ensure high plains during the famous "Five Emperors", the second wave has made the kingdom of the Xia, the third wave — the Zhou Dynasty, the fourth — the population of the kingdom of Qin, which also formed the first Chinese empire.
Historian Wei Ju-san applied to the past of China classical dualistic model of Yin and Yang. He regarded the development of Chinese civilization, as the interaction of 2-principal components: the south-east — Mongoloid and "indigenous" (she prevailed in the era of the Yin-Shang) and north-west, which belonged to the white race (the Xia Dynasty and Zhou).
The archaeological one hundred percent of the world confirm the Chinese researchers. Therefore, the failure of modern Chinese historiography of the "traditional" concept seems to be related to the geopolitical gaze Beijing. Modern Chinese elite successfully forgotten Soviet aid and do not want to recognize the impact of stateliness of Scythia, the Aryan-Indo-European civilization in the process of creation of the Chinese civilization. That's why Chinese scholars 'blind eye' to the huge mounds of Scythian era to find the remains of Caucasians, that the "Chinese" majestic wall is not of Chinese origin. No desire to recognize that any Chinese ruler (not one) and Van can be light brown-Scythian.
The Scythians. Plaque depicting Scythian hunting a hare. Gold. 7-2 centuries. BC. e. The Hermitage.