By the beginning of 2000, at the PLA consisted of more than a couple of hundreds of these self-propelled artorudy who were Chinese copies of Russian artillery systems 2C1 "Carnation". In the main, they manned the artillery regiments, each of which was a battalion ACS type 89 or armored division and brigade. Standard composition of such battalions — 18 units self-propelled howitzers, Type 89, split into 3 companies. The brigade of marines came PLA company (up to 10 units) Type 89 self-propelled guns, she would drop in the number of vehicles of the 1st Tank Regiment.
Arrangement and design of automatic control system tip89
Self-propelled gun type 89 built on the chassis of the Chinese Type 83 self-propelled howitzer of 152 mm caliber. Assembling the chassis of the traditional type with MTO front position to the left of the MTO made the driver's seat, mechanics and vehicle commander, arranged one by one. The fighting compartment with the tower of the radial type placed in the rear of the chassis. The design of the tower and the body of the weld type, which allows the command to the machine and bulletproof ballistic armor protection. Tower of self-propelled guns, armor plates made of iron, was displaced by Chinese designers closer to the bow of the hull. It provided fodder developed a niche where automatic loader mounted 120 mm smoothbore gun, built by «NORiNCO». Cannon 120mm self-propelled guns were actually one hundred percent taken from the towed artillery systems such as «Type 86", changed only the length of the barrel — to 32 calibers. The gun has the ability to conduct a wide type of fire projectiles made of Chinese industry, for example, ammunition with combustible half sleeves. The remains of these cartridges are placed in a separate bin. System Rocket:
— 120 mm armor-piercing fin-stabilized projectiles with a tracer and a parting tray type, brand 120-11 projectile shell length 65 cm, weight 7.4 kg, the initial velocity of 725 m / s. Characterized by an increased penetration capacity — at the firing range at 2km strikes through armor plate of rolled homogenous steel 60 cm Total weight is 22.5 kilograms 120-11, length 115 cm
— range of a standard high-explosive ammunition 18 km, and the introduction of the same range of the projectile with a belt drive execution and seizure up to 21 kilometers.
Howitzer provided with a vertical breech semi-automatic follower. To speed up the process of charging separate type howitzer provided rammer electromechanical type. This provided a self-propelled gun type 89 shooting speed of up to 8 ammunition per minute. Full ammo howitzers — 40 ammunition is in the inner part of the crew compartment. Not counting ammunition, there have equipped space for the 3-member crew — a crew. Accuracy of fire provides the fire control system for receiving a digital computer, sensors and electro-optical sights of the day and night. In the right upper part of the roof of the tower mounted rotating turret type, rich surveillance devices and the installation of anti-aircraft machine gun turret 12.7 mm caliber. On each side of the tower set to 2 Quadruple block grenade smoke screens. Self-propelled howitzer type «Type 89" provided the collective security system of weapons of mass destruction and high-speed automatic sprinkler system. 12V150L12 diesel engine type with the cooling water and 450 hp enables the howitzer to move on auto roads with speed of 60 km / h Performance of the box — mechanical, planetary. Suspension torsion type track rollers. For crossing aqua-bottlenecking propelled howitzer uses special pendant fixtures.
The main features:
— main caliber 122 mm;
— length of the barrel 32 gauge;
— ACS crew 5 people;
— weight of 20 tons;
— length of 11 meters;
— width of 2 meters;
— height of 3.4 meters;
— cruising range of 500 km;
— speed up to 60 km / h;
— additional caliber 12.7 mm.