Our homeland is experiencing Chinese culture experience in all areas — from macroeconomic policies to reform the law enforcement system. Even liberal creators and publications sometimes cited as an instructive example, the Chinese are realities that the Chinese themselves have caused a nightmare or, at least, widespread criticism — from anti-corruption policy and regulation of the consumer market to the income tax system.
The question is not, as a matter of fact the Chinese are successful or unsuccessful endeavor. The problem is that China in the role less than a reason to say something about the Russian reality.
Chinese strategy of development of the industry in general and the aviation industry and it is no exception. Two more vserasprostranennye in RF assessment of China's aviation industry — a "China is about to challenge Boeing" or "China breeds useless low quality models, of which nothing happens." Both points of view, of course, contrary to the reality, but comfortably embedded in someone's ideological system. Moreover, they are built in the image of China as the newest superpower and a potential global favorite, which, at least for domestic use is spreading in the Chinese media.
The reality is even more fascinating. First, of course, be emphasized that Chinese progress of the last 10-15 years in the Air (priemuschestvenno — military) is a great and indisputable. Country defected from the production of second-generation combat aircraft to aircraft manufacturing 4th, with a descent of 3 types. For the first time mastered the creation of 2-models with respect to the unique aircraft engines — "Kunlun" and "Taihang" (both of them are made on the basis of painstaking research foreign models, but for the first time do not copy any separately taken layout). The range of manufactured aircraft weapons — now it includes advanced missiles "air — air" medium-range guided aerial bombs, cruise missiles and other air-based systems, which have 20 years ago in the Chinese Air Force was as a class. The crowning achievement was the emergence of the layout of Chinese fighter fifth generation.
What is the downside of these achievements? Of 3 produced in the PRC fighters fourth generation two are made entirely on the basis of foreign designs (FC-1, J-11B), and one — by combining their own developments and foreign technical assistance (J-10 fighter aircraft and Israeli Lavi) . They're all up to now depend on foreign supplies of engines — despite the fact that the "Taihang" multifunctional analogue AL-31 F, already in series production in the summer of 2011 China signed a contract to supply another 123 Russian engines. Modern standards of Chinese aircraft armament is not completely developed in China (for example, the missile "air — air» PL-12) or at all in China, and may be dependent on imports of foreign components.
Himself the fact of the tests in the PRC fighter 5th generation did not talk about the possibility of Chinese industry to learn and graduate from this program from. In the development of the Chinese military-industrial complex are many sad stories start and bringing to the stage of full-scale tests of over-ambitious projects, initially doomed to failure because of helplessness industrial base. Perhaps the best example of a similar soft-spoken in Chinese history is the "Project 640" — undertaken in the years 1964-1977 programm neither more nor less than the construction of anti-missile system. Trying to build China's Cultural Revolution era system that just might overpower the military-industrial complex of the USSR and the USA, ended in a logical failure, but no earlier than the funds were spent on the development and testing immediately 2-prototyping system, also built as much as two early warning stations inoperative.
Experience the independent design without the support of foreign layout is not sufficient, and it is recognized control the Chinese aviation industry. Itself system management of the sector, has taken shape by 2008, found to be unsatisfactory. In this regard, the Chinese aviation company AVIC municipal experiencing in the current time period of severe structural reform, getting rid of non-core assets cyclopean, concentrating specialized in specialized holdings, bringing these holdings on the stock markets.
More promising civilian projects — such as the creation of new aircraft — derived from an independent commercial aviation company AVIC COMAC. COMAC's own work on the liners C919, ARJ21 is not just committed to the highest reliance on foreign suppliers and developers, and — perhaps to protect themselves from lobbying pressure from the AVIC, — headed by former rocket troops, before the aviation industry is not working.
Inside the most AVIC also created a separate company for engines for commercial aircraft, very focused on international cooperation and carrying out a year ago a massive set of engineering and technical personnel from abroad. In itself, it states that the heads of the Chinese aviation industry are far from excessive optimism in assessing the potential of the industry.
China is headed for some success in the production of multi-functional analogue of Russian engine AL-31 F, and it gives him protection from the likely dictate the part of the Russian Federation as a monopoly supplier. But while you can import them imported from other countries prefer to put the engines even on its own air force combat aircraft. As for the export of Chinese aircraft and helicopters, and even more machines offered a civilian customer — there is imported slider mandatory.
The achievements are significant, but China is committed to the greater. China wished to have in the coming decades, take a leading position (up to 20% or more) of the world market of helicopters and light aircraft, and to press Boeing and Airbus in the global market-haul aircraft. China also wants to create their own fighter fifth generation, is working on a languid MTC Class C-17 and many others.
To achieve all these goals need many more years of cyclopean municipal investments with non-guaranteed result. Branch might in the future become an engine for the growth of the modern Chinese economy, and probably will be a terrible bubble, distracted by means of a suitable and promising directions. No one in their right mind would undertake to make specific predictions.
Classic price advantages of Chinese industry is rapidly eroded — increased dependence on expensive imported raw materials, wages grow rapidly, the yuan strengthened against dollar, inflation accelerates. The idea that at least some Chinese industry mastered the product it will be played at penny prices cyclopean copies, is deeply wrong.
Meanwhile, a beautiful picture, respectively, the intended end result is translated Chinese and partly zabugornom media have at the moment. And there is nothing wrong. China can sing as many own industrial progress that resulted from "years of independent development," but as long as we buy the engines, nuclear reactors, special electronics, and much more.