How was built the largest Egyptian pyramids in Giza? It is believed that they were made of solid blocks of stone, carved in stone quarries, transported over long distances, raised up and stacked.
Has not yet put forward the version responsible for all matters relating to construction technology of the pyramids. The theory of the many thousands of workers, cut down, hauling, and raises the giant stone blocks by hand or with the help of primitive tools, does not hold.
What prevented the Egyptians fell much smaller "bricks" for the construction?
For discussion, I present a version of what the vast majority of large blocks of the Egyptian pyramids made of concrete.
Here is a quote from the book and notorious G.V.Nosovskogo ATFomenko "New Chronology of Egypt." "For primitive concrete enough to grind rock into fine powder, remove the moisture and then mixed with water. Easier to use soft wood. Example, limestone, the outputs of which are located on the floor of the pyramids in Egypt. Here it can be taken just under the feet, under construction next to the pyramids. Next to get cement, it was necessary to thoroughly dry rock to the moisture out of it. But in hot and dry Egyptian special drying was unnecessary. After crushing the Egyptian breed immediately gets ready to cement — that is dehydrated powder. When dry fine powder fill in the box, knocked together from planks, add water and mix thoroughly, then after drying the powder particles are firmly attached to each other. When the solution is completely dry, it hardens and turns into stone. So — in the concrete. In this case, the solution can add small stones. After hardening they appeared "frozen" into the concrete. This way it was possible to significantly reduce the amount of cement powder is needed to make the blocks of the pyramid. "
After many centuries of distinguished concrete blocks cut from the same species is not easy, because they are broken, weathered and take the form of "natural stone".
In the 80-ies. XX century. French chemist, Professor, University of Bern Joseph Davidovits (official site), analyzing the chemical composition of the "monolith", which are composed of pyramids, suggested that "they are made of concrete." Davidovits has identified 13 components that could prepare the concrete.
The theory of production units for the construction of the pyramids in the presentation Davidovits looks. Workers were ground with millstones primitive graters or soft rock. Then it was dried, poured in baskets and transported to the building site. Several porters lifted up the basket with the powder. Upstairs finished wooden casing, filled her powder-mixture. Fill with water, the solution was stirred. After solidification of the unit casing removed. Move on to the next. So growing pyramid. Moreover, the production of giant blocks did not have to do it from a completely curable liquid solution. A solution could easily fill gravel filler, that is the individual pieces of natural rock. Getting into the solution and freezing it, they allow you to save the powder, as, indeed, do, and today, when the solution is added gravel or crushed stone (paraphrase given by the book Fomenko).
1989 saw Ledger J. Davidovits "Pyramids: solving the puzzle."
Fomenko and Nosovsky bring clear proof — a piece of the stone block of the pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), taken from a height of fifty feet, with external masonry of the pyramid. He is the cleavage of the upper corner of the block. The maximum size of a fragment of about 6.5 centimeters. The surface of the coated fine mesh. Careful examination shows that this is track mats, which was attached to the inner surface of the box-timbering. At a short distance from the edge of the block at her ceiling was imposed another mat. We see that the edge of the second mat is fringe. Fibers along the edge there, they fell out. As is usually the case for raw edge woven fabrics. The top surface of the block, which has broken away from this piece was rough, bumpy. Concrete forms during solidification is bumpy surface. And so it is the upper part of the unit, do not touch the formwork has an uneven surface, and the lateral surface — smooth, but the mesh of the traces mats. If it had been sawed stone-block, its upper surface is no different from a lateral. Very convincing!
As already mentioned, these footprints were found at an altitude of 50 meters down the track, but no casing. Perhaps the reason for this is the frequent sandstorms in the area.
It is hard to believe that the professionals involved in the pyramids "did not notice" this astonishing fact.
The theory of the concrete blocks answers many mysteries. Why blocks pyramids not cracked? Natural limestone, as sediment, has a layered structure, so over time it will inevitably appear natural cracks running along the layers. But the concrete, being homogeneous, amorphous material (as was milled and mixed), does not form cracks. Why does the surface of blocks of the pyramids is not "tan", formed over time on the open surface of any natural stone, because the surface of the stone come from within the various chemical elements? This is due to the crystal structure of natural stone. And on the concrete, "tan" is almost formed. Since the crystal structure of it is destroyed by grinding rocks into powder. As the builders of the pyramids could fit so well together blocks of stone? Indeed, the thickness of the joints between the blocks is about 0.5 mm. But if the upper block was made of concrete, on the spot, it is between him and the lower block gap arose. Liquid cement poured into the wooden planking on top and repeat completely lumpy shape of the lower block. A thin seam formed by the subtlest layer of mortar, as pyramid builders specially separated adjacent blocks so they do not stick to each other. The single piece construction would inevitably cracked under the influence of internal stresses. Avoid internal stress could only be folded pyramid of individual blocks.
Opening Davidovits explains another puzzle. In the pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) in the chamber of the King is a large granite sarcophagus, which in its size could not pass through the narrower passages and doors leading to the room where there is a sarcophagus. Davidovits gives quite a clear and simple answer. Large sarcophagus was cast in place of geopolimernogo concrete.
Davidovich describes how in 1982, he met the famous French Egyptologist Jean F. Lauer. Lauer handed Davidovits two samples of stones. One — of the pyramid of Cheops, the other — from the pyramids aunt. As a result of the chemical analysis in two different laboratories, it was found that the samples are made of artificial stone, and not a fragment of natural rock. It turned out that they contain chemicals that are not found in natural rocks.
Why is such a simple and efficient building technology has been forgotten? And is it really all that simple? Have there been any really serious research material from which to build a pyramid? How, for example, with the technology of construction of internal structures of the pyramids? What other structures built using this technology? These are the questions I have no answer.
Category: Mystery stories