The presence on the fingers of everyday powerful ring fingers for increasing the effectiveness of strikes with his hand. Apart from the ordinary rings and rings is specifically designed for strikes. They have a pronounced impact (or cutting) as part of the pyramids, cones, and various forms of projections. These rings have received the name of "fighting ring."
From fighting rings are better known martial rings famous Japanese ninja spies — kakute ("horned hand"). Other names — kakusi ("horned finger"), kakuva ("horned ring") or ttsume ("claw"). Kakute was part of the arsenal of female ninja — kunousi.
Kakute — is an iron ring with one or more parts of the shock in the form of pins, small blades or teeth, arranged on one or two sides of the ring-yi. If using a single ring, it was worn on the middle finger. Spike (or spikes) was turning inward hands. Before the strike unfolded spiked ring out. If you used two rings, the second ring is usually worn on the finger bolshennom. Spikes could wetted or covered with poison.
Yet the least known fighting rings Khevsurs — satiteni, which are significantly higher than native functionality kakute. Hevsury — an ethnographic group of Georgians, the indigenous population of the mountain area Khevsureti — on the southern slopes of the Great Caucasus Basin Khevsurian Aragva and in the upper reaches of the Argun River on the northern slopes.
Satiteni detailed description can be found in a 2-VA books? I.? Elashvili have become a rarity — "Parikaoba. Khevsurian fencing "and" Satiteni. Khevsurian fighting ring ", published in Tbilisi, respectively, in 1956 and 1960.
Satiteni lugs are of various shapes, which is determined by the disposition of combat mission of the ring. They were made in the craft workshops forged iron, cast from brass or additional processing suitable size iron washers, springs and other iron materials. All satiteni provided only for a huge finger of the right hand (left-handed — left). In rare cases, the rings were worn on both hands at once. The opening of the ring to fit the size of the finger holder and the occasional fringing special edge for easy hold.
Hevsury wore a ring in a special outer jacket pocket Khevsurian state perangi or in the right side pocket of his coat or pants. The exceptions were the huge size of the ring, which were worn tied on a string.
Satiteni priemuschestvenno used in random quarrels and clashes that have appeared during the feast. By tradition, at the entrance to the house of a martial weapon — a sword, blade, firearm, and from time to time and dagger deposited by the home owner.
The main militant attacks rings:
— Dakvra — a blow to the head on the right and the left cheek or down on the head to the forehead;
— Abgrucheba — a blow to the scalp (often after it should be pulling strands of hair), or face;
— MOsm — strike in the face.
Depending on the shape of the ribs to the liking of the impact of combat exposure all satiteni share on:
— Application ring jog beats ("satsemi");
— Rings for the application of cutting strokes ("mchreli" or "lesula");
— Rings for thrusting and scratching beats ("mkatsravi").
Application ring jog strikes satsemi have a rectangular ("Tsiskvili") or triangular ("goriani" — "zurgana") section of the shock ribs. Leaves fin height of 8-10 mm. Unlike Tsiskvili one impact edge width 6-8 mm goriani may number from 1 to 3 of the ribs. Ring Tsiskvili not be closed.
A variety of rings are rings goriani herhula on the edge of the edge of the shock (1-2), which has a small notch or teeth. Rings are herhula transitional type between the rings for the application jog bumps and rings created for the application of scratching strikes.
Another type of impact-type rings are hveruli ring which is made of brass or steel spirals (2-3 turns) with a semicircular or triangular cross section (thickness about 10 mm).
Ring cutting punches for applying lesula have from 1 to 3 copper or steel discs sharpened cutting edge (edge height of 25 mm). Such rings are allowed to inflict the deepest cuts.
Rings for thrusting and scratching beats mkatsravi consist of plates or plates with lugs in the form of comb-like teeth. Regardless of the number plates and the size of the teeth, they are divided into:
— Satseruli — rings with single-row comb made of brass (ring diameter 22-30 mm, length of teeth 7.12 mm).
— MGal — rings with single-row comb having a longish compared with satseruli teeth (12-22 mm) (variety — mage satseruri — rings with smaller teeth and a broad base and mage savartshela — more than the highest and often arranged teeth);
— Hajiyev — two or three-row ring with parallel spaced teeth (5 to 9, the length of 10-20 mm).
Apart from fighting rings used auxiliary ring Sachiko as a copper or brass washers that are worn on the finger of a 2-party fighting ring having a narrow base for a more comfortable holding it on his finger. From time to time, Sachiko was a unit with a fighting ring.
A separate group of children fighting ring — not old. Used youngish children from 10 to 12 years of age in clashes with peers to scratching and cuts. They were made of wire of different diameter, with all the ends of the wires twist together, divorced in hand and flattened to increase the cutting parameters. Yet seldom were vserasprostraneny youngish, forge iron with a flat or sharp edge of a shock.
Suffice it exciting but controversial is the future development of the idea of fighting rings in the form of modern self-defense, "Griffin Grip» (Griffin Grip).
In practice this martial ring with the hammer, but without the ring as such. For mounting on a finger in it, there are four holes which is threaded lace, the length of which is adapted to the size of the fingers.
This device is worn outside or inside shoulder and can be used in the doubles version. The main purpose — strengthening the impact of the pain during the conquest and submission techniques, influencing the pressure points of the body (nose, facial nerve point, the outer part of the palm, elbow, etc.? Etc.). Apart from that it can be used to enhance and strokes his hand over his sore spots.
Martial rings may be attached in the assembly of two, three or four rings. In this case, the assembly of four rings is very similar to brass knuckles. But the absence of the stop leads to a decrease in the effectiveness of strikes, as returns on impact perceive no reason palms and knuckles. If a strong impact can be even finger injury.
Fashion for the rocker style has led to the emergence of these assemblies, is a jewelry set made of precious metals and precious stones.
To build varieties of rings for 4 fingers can be attributed, and personal self-defense device "Hornet" of the company «Alpha Innovations». "Hornet" has been designed to meet the requirements of the law and is intended for
use as a weapon of self-defense by law enforcement officials and ordinary citizens.
In its development of an active role of the perceived expert in martial arts and military policing strategy Myron Gaudet (classes 25 years experience, 13 of which he was an instructor, the owner of the second given in Minami Ryu Jiu-Jitsu). Hornet can be used for the front face of attacks by the thumb, the base knuckle punches and open hand strikes. The protrusions on the ends of the device enable us to provide pain impacts on vulnerable point in the performance of painful methods and grips. The holes in these projections are designed to secure the lanyard or keychain.
Palmar sticks extensively used since ancient times as an auxiliary tool in the martial martial arts. In Japanese martial arts systems are categorized guns nestled relations (kakusibuki) or the secret weapon (hibuki).
All palmar sticks can be divided into two large groups.
In 1-x, it sticks normal form, which represent a small round or faceted different diameter rod. The ends of the rods can be flat, rounded or Edged. In the version of the ordinary — a round piece of wood.
These sticks are used first for pain impact on pressure points of the conquest and submission techniques, and to strike the end surface of the base of the fist or the thumb.
It is believed that the technology base of the palm of your hand with chopsticks put these machines work the sacred instrument of Buddhist monks — Vaira (or Vajra).
In the past century, based on the palmar sticks usual forms were developed unique small personal defense, the most famous of which — Yawara, kubotan and te-po. They are widely used in the police and in the middle of a civilian population (see "Brother», № 10, 2010).
Apart from the aforementioned sticks as a support tool used sticks and complex forms. They are not thinking of the main bar, there are additional elements, allowing to use them for attacks from the front of the fist. These sticks are Fisted weapons.
For example, in the arsenal of Okinawan karate includes Fisted sticks — tidzekunbo, TECO, or tektyu tekchu and santetsu. The prototype of these sticks is tidzekunbo, the initial purpose of which was to protect the hands of fishermen in the sample networks. At first it was just a round rod with 2 holes in the center. Threaded through a small hole in the section of rope or leather strap, which created a loop for the middle finger. In a more sophisticated version of the loop is used instead of strip-projection with a cut finger.
The forthcoming development of design tidzekunbo and TECO are tektyu and santetsu. In tektyu as the primary impactor serves bracket with a pin welded to the iron rod-base. Unlike tektyu in santetsu used a ring with a pin slidably secured to the iron rod. A similar tool used in the arsenal of ninja entitled Seto.
These types of sticks to this day are used in the different schools of karate and jiu-jitsu.
Closer to the classic TECO is designed in the 80's. last century weapon of self-defense Su-chu. Su-chu was made of metal. Due to various circumstances as a means of self-sous-chu not widely used.
At the same time, on the basis of TECO spices in the field of martial arts and military arts were made and other means of self-defense. They were intended for use in police and security structures, as well as a small personal self-defense people.
The widespread popularity in the West received a "Sting» (Stringer) and one of the variants of pocket "wrench" Kelly Worden.
"Sting" was created by one of the major American professional unarmed combat Albert James Keating (J.? A.? Keating). Father Keating held a small workshop for the production of knives, and Keating from childhood was familiar with fighting and throwing knives. Then the long-standing stubborn practicing the martial arts (judo, karate, kempo, jitter Kyung-up, Aiki-jutsu, potassium, tai chi, kung fu) brought him into the ranks of the most distinguished masters of martial arts, including a fight with a knife .
The prototype of this weapon of self-defense were the daggers Push type, which are extensively used during the development of adventurers run wild West. The new gun was intended for professionals as non-lethal melee knife candidacy.
As a result, Keating made a completely new low-cost small-sized legitimate self-defense weapon.
"Sting" is a small plastic key ring weighing a little more than 20 grams. Small hammer rounded shape allows the increment administered pain when struck with his fist. Because of the small size and ease of development of this tool has become very popular with the ordinary people outside the community of martial arts experts.
The key comes in a range of self-defense self-defense guns made by Kelly Vordenom. This device has a number of huge size, and great functionality through the ability to strike not only from the front of the fist, and by the end of his or highly dependent on the applied side grip.
Fascinating modification of TECO are two similar devices for self-defense — wood manipulator "Zubo" Olli Butts and urban self-defense weapon ZAP-T.
Weapon of self-defense "Zubo" was established OA? Butts, founder and principal instructor of the Academy of Martial Arts Cambridge (CAMA), having almost 40 years of martial arts experience of employment — combat sombo (kind of combat sambo in England), Escrima, potassium, jitter Kyun before savatt, tae kwon do before, Hapkido and Kuk Sul. Initially, "Zubo" was developed as a massage device for people involved in sports dancing, bodybuilding, combat sports and other sports.
The presence of "ball" on the front of the shock of the device not only reduces the risk of severe injuries in self-defense, and greatly expands the number of possible grips guns, making a comfortable transition from the 1st grip to the other, also predutverzhdaet its loss during the protective actions open palm.
Israeli company «Spikey-Tec» released a tool of personal self-defense «Spikey». A device invented by the famous Chinese kung fu (a style of "Mantis") and Tai Chi Safir Talo, who teaches at Tel Aviv. It is a tool of self-defense is a rod with a sharp end and 4 shock projections. The ends of the protrusions have rounded edges. To increase the reliability of the grip on the record are interdigital notches.
Initially, it was developed as a means of self defense for women. At the current time is used in some police forces and the U.S. land of the rising sun.
«Spikey» is available in various color politrila — dark colors for law enforcement officers, and light blue, beige and reddish
in color — for civilian use.
Apart from the primary option in the sale comes with a variety of built-in spray pepper spray and batons on the handle attachment. For practicing self-defense techniques available training version of the rubber.
This tool is forthcoming development of the concept kubotana (see "Brother», № 10, 2010) and is used alongside police departments in the United States and the country of the rising sun.
Impact plates are iron or plastic plates complex configuration with one or more parts for the impact. They differ from the fist lack of universal coverage fingers, although in some swatches for a shackle pin with lugs.
The prototype of such devices can be considered self-defense striking kerambit Steve Tharani.
Kerambit — this is a knife with a hooked blade and a ring on the handle. He is one of the main types of guns in the Philippine battle system of Eskrima / Kali.
First, the 1990s master knife fighting Steve Tharani was created training version of this knife made of aluminum. It was made in order to reduce the risk of injury when developing brand new methods of fighting in pairs. The practice of using this training knife Tharani students around the world has shown that he is by himself for the shock is an effective tool.
Later spices melee Kelly Vordenom thought kerambita shock was applied to the creation of entirely new and unusual weapons of self-defense. Initially it bore the title — DTL kerambit. DTL abbreviation stands for «Destroy» — Crash / disabling, «Trap» — capture and «Lock» — armlock.
Looking at the DTL kerambit, most people hardly guess the real purpose of the subject. A small piece of plastic in the form of the Latin bukovkoy «L» with a ring at the top looks more as an unusual instrument than a tool.
However, once you take it in your hand, put his index finger into the ring, and you will feel that you have a hand was enough effective percussion instrument.
Ring at the end of the DTL kerambita not only provides a secure hold it in your hand — it can be used for attacks. Apart from this it does not allow weapons to fall out of his hands when unclamping fingers runtime grabs and locks.
The lower part of the shock kerambita from the base knuckle is great for blocking the blows dealt by the hand or foot. The edge of this part of the DTL kerambita can achieve the effect of stopping the massive defense.
The total weight of the plastic DTL kerambita is only about 30 grams.
In the coming few Kelly altered his invention, replacing the round holes on the hex. It is not completely affected its functionality, but allowed to reincarnate kerambit in a legitimate device, removing all possible claims by the law enforcement agencies. And changed its title. At the current time it is marketed under the name "Marching wrench Kelly."
Given the ease of use, light weight, compact size and the absolute legality of wearing, it is logical that these "wrenches" are very popular as a highly effective weapon of self-defense from the police, guards and ordinary people.
Sufficiently unusual percussion plate under the title "Defender» (Defender) have been developed by Peter Brousseau Yankees (40 years of experience in martial arts). It is a tool of self-defense was created on the basis of Indian martial batons.
Peter was not the only one who turned his attention to the Indian clubs. Popular South American knife company «Cold Steel» as a weapon of self-defense has a copy of the Indian military batons made of modern plastic.
But if «Cold Steel» just copied the Indian club, the PA? Brousseau based on it was possible to make a new and original tool.
First model in the line of "Defender" was created in 2003 under the title "Guppy." He was in the form of a flat hammer-beater with a rounded shape of the hammer. On its handle were two holes for the rope loop.
Technique "Guppy" included strikes the top of the gun and the base of the handle.
In the upcoming been developed a variety of varieties of this complex form of self-defense weapons with countless lugs. At the current time there are more than 10-ka different versions of "Defender." Increase the number of projections, the complexity of the form tools has expanded its functionality. Recent versions of "Defender" you can use it in a painful hold and "plowing" rollings on the opponent's body. Apart from this, the existence of sharp protrusions increased combat effectiveness of strikes.
"Defender" is positioned Brousseau as personal self-defense for women and children.
One of the latest developments in the field Fisted guns is so called "Hand-shock" (Hand Shock) Israeli Amnon Maor, created in 2004, a system of self-defense that bears his name (Maor Selfe Defense). In the CIS countries, the Baltic States and Scandinavia it is more commonly known as a system of "kamam" (an abbreviation of Krav Sorcerer Maor). Kamam system is optimized for use in urban criteria. During its development Maor long used its own military experience serving in special units in Israel. Amnon Maor is one of the few Israeli professionals with municipal approval for the training of military special forces mission, police, security guards and held in the state service.
An important part of this system is designed kamam Maori weapon of self-defense Hand Shock. The impetus for the development of this tool was one of the episodes in the police service Maor. During the trial break through a police checkpoint he was seriously wounded Arabs and was hit by a criminal investigation, the results of which found an unintended excess of the desired level of defense. Maor was sued by a substantial amount. As a result, the Maori as a candidate firearms and was designed by Hand Shock. This small-sized device (length — 14 cm, width 7.5 cm, thickness 1.5 cm, weight — about 150 g) is made of durable plastic and has four shock protrusion. These projections can significantly increment the effectiveness of strikes with his hand. But their main purpose — to increment administered pain during protective devices without damaging the opponent. The shape of these projections can provide a very high level of pain impact, the result of which is often a painful shock, which determined its title.