PRAGUE, August 29 / Itar-Tass Shamshin /. Climate scientists predict in the next few years, the possibility of accelerating the process of global warming. In Europe, first of all, the summer and autumn months can be much hotter. Become more frequent flooding. In the long term, the situation is stabilized.
The melting of glaciers and ice sheets in the Arctic and Antarctic will lower the temperature of the oceans. Almost immediately, within a few years, the atmospheric temperature will restore balance to the "classical level" when the weather will meet scientifically established climatic zones. Changing the temperature of the planet is cyclical. The era of global thaw always replace the ice ages — that is the opinion of Czech, Slovak and Polish climatologists.
Scientists in these countries in recent years have become more actively interact, seeking to develop an effective model of climate change in the region. "The need for close co-operation caused by natural disasters that have not happened or were not typical of Central Europe. Besides flooding, it — hurricanes, tornadoes, migration to the north to the southern latitudes of the characteristic flora and fauna" — said the correspondent of ITAR-TASS Bratislava expert Jan Ruzicka.
Weather changes in the central part of the continent associated with natural disasters occurring in Eastern Europe. The unusual heat wave in the central Russian regions also shows the acceleration of the process of climate change.
"In this process, unfortunately, negatively affected by human industrial activity. Example of this — peatland fires in Central Russia. Had ambitious initiatives" conquerors of nature, "as expressed in a short-sighted drained peatlands have not been implemented in practice, the Russians have this problem in the summer it would be much less. hard to even imagine what the tragic consequences of the implementation of the idea would alter the course of the largest Eurasian rivers — said Jan Ruzicka. — In the western and central parts of the continent negative environmental effects caused by centuries have produced harmful emissions into the atmosphere of the local factories . Thus, in the Czech Ore Mountains and the Giant Mountains acid rain in the second half of the twentieth century, destroyed tens of thousands of hectares of forest. "
Meanwhile, the process of climate change, according to the chief of the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute climatologist John Pretela, "is still far to be fully explored." Obviously, the "warming at this stage will lead to disastrous consequences, which are described in the Hollywood science fiction movies." From medieval chronicles known that the now completely covered with snow in Greenland Vikings plowed the fields and harvest the wheat.
At that time there could be no question about the greenhouse effect, caused by, according to scientists, industrial human activities. Then, again relying on information from ancient sources, it was found that a period of "relative cooling". The coldest was the XVIII century. It was at this time in the Central European region marked the most snow of winter.
"In Central Europe, the air temperature increase occurs in the last 30 years. In 1961-1990, the number of hot days when the mercury thermometer rose above 25 degrees, it was an average of 53 days per year. Now — it's not less than 72 days," — said Ian Pretela. However, "one should not expect that in the Central European climate will soon be grown tropical fruits and vegetables."
According to him, scientists can develop a completely accurate long-term forecasts of climate change. Their conclusions are based on the results of long-term observation, but "nature can always surprise and, therefore, any prediction of long-term perspective should be taken with a considerable amount of scientific restraint."