In Mexico, found a mysterious 2,700-year-old burial

19.05.2010

Archaeologists excavating the ancient settlement of Chiapa de Corzo (Chiapa de Corzo) in the south of Mexico, discovered burial of two notable people. According to The New York Times, referring to the words of the head of excavations Beychenda Bruce (Bruce Bachand) from Universidad Brigham Young in the U.S. state of Utah, disposal of about 2700 years, that is, it is all known ancient tombs, pyramids in Central America.



The tomb is an adobe building with a stone wall. This style of burial structures are not characteristic of known Mesoamerican cultures. Inside the skeleton was found with traces of red pigment (presumably, the remains of the burial garments), with a variety of jade jewelry. His teeth were inlaid with jade and seashells.


At the entrance to the tomb, archaeologists found another skeleton (presumably female), decorated with jade, pearls and amber and the teeth inlaid with pyrite ("fool's gold"). Also found in the burial of two skeletons (one for children) without any embellishments. The researchers believe that these people sacrificed at the burial of a noble man, perhaps the leader.


Scientists find it difficult to determine which of the Mesoamerican cultures include burial: chronologically and geographically it is equally likely to be Olmec, Zapotec, Maya and juice. Beychand suggests that the burial belongs to the culture of the juice. Antiquity findings allowed him to put forward the hypothesis that a number of traditions common to the Mesoamerican cultures, does not come from the Olmec and Maya from, as previously thought, but from the juice.


For a long time the Olmec culture was considered the "mother" of all Mesoamerican cultures, including the Maya. However, a series of archaeological and anthropological studies in the second half of the twentieth century has convinced scientists that it is more about a "sister" cultures that developed in parallel, rapidly exchanging goods, knowledge and traditions.

See also: Boy found mammoth Secrets of the Urals.

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