As scientists have discovered, in the western part of the ice cap of Antarctica was warmer than doubled, greatly increasing concerns about global sea level rise. On research Byrd, located just in the center of the western ice, recorded increases in annual air temperature at 2,4 ° C in comparison with 1958. This figure is three times higher than the rate of warming the air in the whole planet.
Such a warming trend in the summer months (December to February) can upset the balance between the western and eastern ice, making armor is held on the mainland and not slipping. Even if the underlying ice from melting so long a not much affected, the melting of surface ice will inevitably lead to rising sea levels.
Now, strangely enough, Antarctica is the place on the planet where warming is most rapid. Each year, more and more new iceberg broke off from the main ice mass and floating away into the ocean, diluting it with fresh water and making up to 0.3 mm. Greenland in this respect is in the lead, raising the sea level by 0.7 millimeters per year.
Scientists say that if the West Antarctic ice continues to melt, then every year the process will only expand and capture new territories. For them, the essential task is to clarify the reasons for the accelerated melting and their solutions.