Perhaps his name is most famous Russian naming the world: Kalashnikov. Presumably, from 60 to 80 million "Kalashnikovs" — no one knows the exact figure — are in circulation. The man who created an assault rifle AK-47 actually has become synonymous with the mass shooting and killing her in his statements pursued only one goal: to protect their homeland. This self-taught received very many awards. But the money from his invention, who wrote the history of the guns in the world, he has not earned.
About discover Misha Kalashnikov knows that all his life he dedicated his own weapon. With 20 years as a young man, he thought of only one thing: to do the best weapon for defending the homeland and its constantly upgraded. Moreover, the future designer tools already at a young age the hard way vyznat the darkest side of history of their own country. Mikhail Kalashnikov was born in 1919 to a poor peasant family in the Courier, a village located in the southern Russian region of Altai. His family survived only 8 of the 18 children. During Stalin's collectivization of forced family was deported to Siberia. Misha was only 11 years old. At age 16 he left school and went to study at a railway equipment. In 1938, the Kalashnikov drafted into the army, where he was a tank driver.
When the Germans attacked the Russian Alliance, Misha Kalashnikov went to the front, where he was severely wounded in the Battle of Bryansk in 1941. If not for the war, the technical capabilities of the Kalashnikov, perhaps, would have gone in a different direction. But now, his decision was firm: "I wanted to make a weapon to defeat the Nazis." Back in the military hospital wounded drew the first sketches in a notebook. His invention should not have so many little scientific knowledge, how many of their ideas. Kalashnikov — not an engineer, he never studied in college. "I am a born inventor," — he says about himself. Details for the layout of his wife drew only after he made them in his own workshop. And in 1947, the time has come: the Kalashnikov assault rifle, was approved by the chief executives of the country and went into the series — a common-use tool, "Kalashnikov", abbreviated AK-47.
AK-47 surpassed all other tools, which until now was easily accessible. The strength of this instrument is not technique recondite and in simplicity and reliability. Although it weighed 5 pounds and was heavier than the other machines, but it was a great strength in store. Details were not in the unit, and going alone in the highest part of the tool, making it less prone to breakage. All the same, whether the men were crawling with them through the dust, gryazyuka or water — the AK-47 was always ready to fight, and in the criteria of the Russian winter, and in the Sahara, and tropical undergrowth. But perfect for the criterion of war tool took the opportunity to switch from single shots at a time. Already in 1949, Stalin gave Kalashnikov Stalin Prize, and then there were three Orders of Lenin, two merits of the Hero of Socialist Labor, and in the end, even the title of Doctor of Science. But the funds for his invention Kalashnikov not beheld, after patenting its constructor is not even occurred to me.
Many decades Kalashnikov, as the bearer of secrets, lived closed in the furthest corner of the Urals, and at the Izhevsk arms factory improved his gun. The first time managed to keep Russian AK-47 in a secret, but he later broke records in the export of weapons and eventually became implements of terrorism. In Vietnam, the Viet Cong with an AK-47 fought against the American fighter. African Mozambique as a sign of the struggle for independence situated sketch tools on the municipal flag. Even in the U.S., this machine is very common, especially among drug dealers and gangsters. Almost half of the world's armies have in their own arsenals of AK, in addition, it is a favorite instrument of separatist militias and armed groups. Himself Kalashnikov says sorry about what exactly his gun around the world brings so much trouble: "It is a tool life of its own, completely independent of my will." In his view, it is not his responsibility, and the business of politicians — to take responsibility for everything that happened. And his wish: "I hope that the memory of the people I'll be a man which invented an instrument to protect their homeland, not for terror. "