Construction of the hydroelectric power plant in Mongolia flowing into the lake the river Selenga can destroy "fish nursery" and undermine the sturgeon population, cisco and other valuable fish species unique lake, said the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia.
"HPP" Shuren "on the main channel of the Selenga can significantly alter the natural flow of water into the lake and cut off migration routes sturgeon, trout, cisco, and other fish. Selenga River Delta — the most important natural biological filter and fish nursery lake. It is made with sediments brought by the river, some flow which will just be blocked by hydroelectric dams, "- said the head of the WWF environmental policy energy sector Alexei Knizhnikov.
According to the Fund, which is that hes in Mongolia will be built with the participation of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development and the World Bank to support the infrastructure of the mining sector.
In this case, at the moment, there is no single environmental point of view about legal lake level fluctuations and their impact on the lake.
"In the near future WWF together with other civil society organizations will develop proposals for environmentally optimal level of regulation for the implementation of the rules of use of water resources and other documents," — said the scribes.
Environmentalists are reminded that the lake has suffered from the Angara-Yenisei cascade, which includes six stations. Only after the construction of the first — Irkutsk HPP — in 1956, the water level in the lake rose a meter lakeside heavily damaged suffered Baikal cisco population and many other fish. Partially collapsed roads and railways, which had to be moved.
Meanwhile, environmentalists predict the new changes in the level of the lake. Currently under construction on the Angara Boguchanskaya HPP, although the procedure assessing the impact on the environment has not yet been carried out. Downstream of it is planned to build Motyginskaya HPP.
Lake Baikal — the deepest lake in the world. Its average depth is about 730 meters, the maximum depth of the famous lake — 1637 meters. Every year from the lake by Angara 60 cubic kilometers of pure, biologically active water. The lake has 58 species of fish, of which the most famous are the cisco, whitefish, grayling, trout, sturgeon, golomyanka flax. Lake Baikal contains about one fifth of the world's surface waters of the Earth (excluding the ice of Antarctica, Greenland and other glaciers), and more than four fifths of fresh water reserves in Russia. In 1996, the Baikal was included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO.