It is well known that in the world there are various masterpieces of art, science, technology and culture that people recognize as the "gold standard."
And such a masterpiece for centuries remains unsurpassed as an example for the people.
He serves them as a benchmark and the ideal.
The question arises.
What hides the secret of these "gold standards" and whether there is an unknown objective background, patterns?
In order to approach such mysteries, looking for a simple and easy object of study.
In my research, the choice fell on the mystery of the "gold standard", which is presented to Russian vodka. And in many ways, because it is a combination of only two components — water and alcohol.
And the secret is that even the 2-component, it turns out, you can make the world a masterpiece!
What do we know about Russian vodka?
Here are a few quotes from a variety of sources that I had found on the Internet:
Even in ancient times of the Russian grain born Russian vodka.
Russian vodka is wonderful crystal clarity and mystery, it has absorbed the soft fluffy snow and reviver of summer rain, the fragrance of bread, plowed fields and flowering herbs. And it seems that it taste most of the Russian land.
Testament to the popularity of spirits in Russia can be found already in the works of folk art 11.10 centuries. About the tavern business in Russia was first mentioned in chronicles in 1174 Vyatka, whereas the original date of manufacture of French cognac are 1334, English gin and whiskey — to 1485, Scotch whiskey — to 1490, German schnapps — to 1520.
In general, the year of birth of the first Russian vodka is 1474 — the year of the introduction of the first state monopoly. Consequently, the date of first production of alcohol from domestic grain raw materials should include another 20-30 years before.
But the 40-degree Russian vodka was only 100 years ago, when the DI Mendeleev found the perfect balance of water and alcohol in vodka. And in 1894, this "Moscow Vodka Special" received a patent of the Russian Empire.
We will discuss in this article the question of how and why Russian vodka has received the world's "Gold status."
How it objectively and whether that behind this?
But, first, for the sake of brevity, I allowed myself to make some reference material (from the same sources). Below — the most important place for my presentation that I gave in abbreviated, succinct form.
Russian vodka acquired the classic brand, which it generally saves and so far, from the end of XIX century.
In 1894, vodka was called "Moscow exceptional" (now — "Moscow Special") and recognized by the government of national Russian vodka.
Decision of the international arbitration in 1982 for the USSR were unquestionably attached — a priority of vodka as the original Russian alcoholic beverage, and the exclusive right to its advertising.
Recipe of Russian vodka (wheat-rye) Mendeleev was described, in particular, in the article "Russian vodka went no market" in Komsomolskaya Pravda on 15/02/94, the (page 3)
In 1864 Mendeleev defended his dissertation "A Discourse on the combination of alcohol and water."
Monograph Mendeleev was his first serious work on the solution, and later became the basis for the creation of the theory of hydration solutions. But there was not a word about vodka. All the more justification recipe "ideal" Russian vodka.
The thesis is an indication of the specific properties of a mixture of one part alcohol and three parts water, but that the molecular composition in no way corresponds to 40 percent by volume.
Until 1906, the word "vodka" as a designation of the drink, did not appear in official documents, and they have for centuries called vodka … just "bread wine".
Of encyclopedia articles, from the materials of the Ministry of Finance, from the memoirs of the scientist, of the many monographs on Mendeleev in no way implies that it is the inventor of vodka, and that is his "idea" sorokogradusnuyu. / Author does not agree — AK
Russian vodka is protected from any fraud. That is fake it can be any number, but no country in the world can not be repeated exactly all the details of production technology «genuine Russian» vodka.
The reasons are as follows. First, much of the technology is still being kept secret, it is — a state secret. Second, the source material, primarily Russian rye, is as unique as the grapes in a particular area. This grain, which is ideally suited to a production cycle, does not grow anywhere else, transplanted to other regions of Russian rye losing valuable qualities or even degenerate.
Russian vodka, which was 500 years old in 2003 — much more profound, metaphysical phenomenon in Russian history and culture than it used to be considered.
Perfect recipe of vodka, found experimental and theoretical by the great Russian chemist DI and the world Mendeleev has a simple description:
1 liter of vodka at 40g alcoholic strength weighs exactly 953 grams
Mendeleev's contribution to Russian vodka
Contribution № 1
As rightly pointed out in the only monograph on the Russian vodka B. Pokhlebkin. "Mendeleev" reform "vodka and scientifically proved that the production of vodka, it is a combination of grain alcohol and water, should not occur simply by merging volumes and precise otveshivaniem certain parts alcohol. At the same time, Mendeleev … drew attention to the connection with the appearance of different qualities in different water-alcohol mixtures. It was found that the physical, biochemical and physiological quality of these mixtures are also very different, which prompted him to seek perfect balance of volume and weight of the parts of alcohol and water in the vodka …
The research resulted in the end of XIX century Russian vodka was considered a product that was a grain alcohol, peretroenny and then diluted with water by weight accurately to 40 ° ».
Contribution number 2
…. Supervisory Mendeleev noticed that alcohol has the ability to connect to the water to produce a mysterious contraction of the whole mixture (500 grams of water and 500 grams of alcohol as a result give 941 grams of vodka). For the best taste and healthy beverage proportion of 40 degrees, which is able to determine the Mendeleev (the fortress at 41 or 39 degrees is deteriorating physiological effects of vodka on the body), should not be confused amounts of alcohol and water, and their exact weight ratios. For its part, the Russian physiologist Nikolai Volovich identified the most useful dose of vodka, stimulates the heart and blood purification: 50 grams a day.
Contribution № 3
…. May 7, 1887 at the Russian Physical and Chemical Society, Mendeleev made a report on the question of the existence of a certain composition of hydrates in the solution of alcohol in water.
The report, based on its own data and data from a number of researchers, Mendeleev said that the solution produced three hydrate alcohol, namely: one molecule of alcohol to the twelve, three, and one water molecule.
Contribution № 4
… He drew attention to the emergence of different qualities in different hydroalcoholic mixtures. It was found that the physical, biochemical and physiological quality of these mixtures are also very different, which prompted him to seek perfect balance of volume and weight of the parts of alcohol and water in vodka.
Thus, the Russian vodka have some important secrets:
Mystery number 1 (Structure of solution)
Mystery number 2 (Water)
Mystery number 3 (distillation)
Mystery № 4 (Genesis)
Mystery № 5 (self-identity)
Mystery number 6 (global distribution)
About the structure, we will speak separately and apart, and as for the other secrets, something about them briefly mentioned (cited) below:
Experts say: "The taste of water — half the taste of vodka." It should be perfectly clear, colorless, odor and taste, with a minimum it contains salt. This means that taking a vodka water further purified, filtered and softened, needs no softening unless Neva soft water.
…. Specially prepared for the production of vodka called reclaimed water — in her … salt and mineral content increased to a certain level.
Name "vodka" …. This name — purely Russian origin, coming from the diminutive: "water vodka, Vodicka," as well as "folder", "mother", "ovoschka."
…. The secret to the quality of the classic Russian vodka — in accuracy and precision to strict standards, as raw grain in the properties used for its water and in the complete absence of any synthetic substances (Only natural flavorings ingredients and dyes).
…. Famous "foreigners" with our vodka (closest to her gin and whiskey) in common in reality only the method, the underlying production — distillation. And the fact that they were prepared also from grain alcohol. However, none of the foreign drinks are not exposed such a thorough cleaning. In cognac spirits are present all alcohols and even fusels five times more than in the raw alcohol. In the presence of a high-quality vodka fusels simply excluded.
If vodka is 40 ° was the "ideal" of the fortress, on the perception of taste and minimal effects on the body, what was the issue with the other beverages fortress?
Category: Mystery stories