The modernization of the Islamic world from the owners of the Western project has set Gulf monarchies difficult task: they must lead the way and survive. Elite monarchies, which are included in the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC), are part of a global private club "world government", besides these countries is almost done with the plans of London. But the ruling structure of Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, UAE, Saudi Arabia and Oman are not included in the core of a "world government", they-periphery. Because London and Washington are fully able to be shared sacrifice for the implementation of a more fundamental goals. Monarchy must justify what else would be useful. That's why we litsezreem in the near future such surge of foreign policy activity 2-main centers of the GCC — Riyadh and Doha. Saudi Arabia and Qatar took an active role in the fight against Libya's Gaddafi developed frenzied activity in North Africa (including Egypt) have become almost the main opponents of Syria Bashar al-Assad, are involved in the information war against Iran.
Riyadh and Doha are fighting for dominance in the future Sunni "Great Caliphate." Rate is high — if they lose, the future of the Sunni monarchy is very vague, and confirmed that nedavneshnie unrest in Bahrain. Iran is fully capable to include in its sphere of influence Shiite areas of monarchy, if they fall in the Arab unrest.
To understand why the Doha despite the weak military capacity, terrain and insignificance of human resources (about 2 million), has become one of the favorites in the Arab world, the coming to look at the history of this country. June 27, 1995 Today the head of Qatar's Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, in a bloodless coup overthrew the result of his father Emir Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani. From now, the Emir Hamad al-Thani, put puzzle to form the image of Qatar as the 1st of the most progressive countries in the Arab world.
Prerequisites in order to become a favorite of the Arab world have a few reasons:
— The sharp increase in cash receipts from the sale of natural gas (from the beginning of the 1990 gas exports from the country increased by 500%). Hydrocarbons have made an absolute monarchy the first country in the world by GDP per capita — 102.7 thousand bucks. Besides, Doha become a favorite on the liquefied gas. So, today the monarchy has naikrupneyshim the world's fleet of specialized vessels, it gives independence from the transit countries and assist to increase the export of liquefied natural gas and 13 million tons in 2003 to 75 million tons in 2011. This factor was also one of the circumstances of the fight against Gaddafi's Jamahiriya (Col. planning to build a liquefied gas) against Syria and Iran. Doha's main rivals in the market of natural gas are Iran and Our homeland (hence the attack on the Russian Ambassador to the airport, Qatar — warning to Moscow). Tehran and Moscow to sell more gas through pipelines. Provoking a war in Syria, Qatar thronging to the area of Iranians and Russian. In addition, destroys Syria as a rival — Damascus is one of the contenders for the gas fields in the eastern Mediterranean. The development of gas infrastructure rivals — it's the end of monetary well-being of Qatar country — a common example monoekonomiki.
According to the British auditing company «Ernst & Young», in the period from 2000 to 2010, the GDP of the monarchy increased by an average of 13% per year. Even when the global monetary crisis began, the growth rate reached 9.5%. In 2011, GDP growth was about 14%. Almost economy of Qatar — is the financial and economic "pyramid", you need a steady increase in investment, as it is completed, the economy will fall.
— So tight alliance with the Anglo-Saxons. The U.S. has in the area of military air base of the monarchy "Al Udeid." It is used not only as a storage base arms, munitions and war material, and the point of dislocation of military aviation. In the modernization of the base over the past few years the Yankees have invested more than 100 million dollars. Now on the runway can accommodate up to 100 combat aircraft, armed with a base of the most modern systems of communication and control. On the basis of deployed strategic bombers B-1B, military transport aircraft, refueling tankers, sea scouts, planes distant radar.
— Having a strong, a popular destination for the information of the propaganda system — Qatari TV channel "Al Jazeera", which is broadcast to the whole world. Fur coat spared no money, lured good professionals, resulting in a channel has become one of the most recognizable on the planet. Audience of the channel has up to 50 million people. Popularity channel received through the study of problems of the Arab world and reports from Afghanistan and Iraq. Because of this, when the Arab unrest, the channel had great authority in the middle of the Arabs and became a good inventory of the information war against Libya, Syria and other opponents of Doha and the West.
— Doha took over the successful experience of London in terms of verbovaniya to his side various opposition constructive leaders, revolutionaries, rebels, once funding various opposition movements. Since the early 2000s, the Qataris are not only tied to the management of contacts Near East, the African Union, and many members of the opposition, often providing their area as a shelter for political refugees. Doha funded the Palestinian movement Hamas, Fatah, the Libyan rebels, "Muslim Brotherhood" in Egypt, the opposition in Yemen. There are reports that Qatar is real support and part of the Syrian armed opposition.
Important for Russia and the fact that the Wahhabi community and private foundations Qatar relating to the financing of terrorism in the North Caucasus. Because the growing influence of the monarchy and its success in the destabilization of the situation in the various countries of North Africa and the Middle East poses a risk of national security of the Russian Federation.
Political successes of Qatar
— In May 2008, Qatar became a pioneer of inter-Lebanese contract that ended the crisis year and a half and has permitted the election of the president. In addition, monarchy provided their services mediator to resolve conflicts in Yemen, Somalia, Chad and solutions for cross-border dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea. As a result, Qatar has taken a strong position in North Africa, which are particularly intensified after the regime change in Egypt and Libya. Gaddafi was a strong barrier that held back the penetration of Qataris in the countries of North Africa. Colonel funded a number of projects, these positions are now trying to take Doha.
— Since the beginning of the wave of Arab unrest Qatar is trying to lead the process of "modernization" of Near East, speaking for "democracy" and "liberalization" of public life. And despite the fact that the country is an absolute monarchy and Arabs Qataris are privileged minority — about 40% of the total population.
Particularly distinguished Doha in Libya. Qataris have even taken part in the war against Gaddafi. The Emir of Qatar, along with Sarkozy and David Cameron became the main initiator of the Libyan war. And after winning the Libyan "revolutionaries" creatures of Qatar took an excellent position in Libya. Strong position in Doha in Tunisia and Egypt, where, after a successful revolution in the election defeated Islamist parties.
At the current time in Qatar, along with Saudi Arabia — the main initiator of the creation of the "humanitarian" corridor "security zones" on the borders of Syria and the introduction of peacekeepi
ng forces. For example, on March 10 during the 137th session of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Arab League, the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim al-Thani said: "It's time to bring the proposal to send Arab and foreign forces in Syria." Managing finances the monarchy gangs, buy weapons and supplies to the Syrian fighters for liberation army. Channel "Al Jazeera" doing the right image of the "Syrian opposition" and "bloody" style regime of Bashar al-Assad in the eyes of the world community. And Qatar is an information war not only against Syria, and against Russia.
Although Qatar and is a satellite of the Anglo-Saxons, but at the same time and leads his game, solving the problem of preservation of the financial and economic well-being and the building of the "Great Caliphate" at the thought of pan-Arabism and Islam under the guise of constructive concept of "democratization and liberalization" of the Near East and North Africa. Doha lucky enough to consume an unusual model of the outer expansion, which connects the Qatari management orientation to the West and restricted items. For example, Qatar is working with design Islamist organizations, including terrorist groups. This allows Doha, despite its dwarf size, to compete successfully with the EU, China, Iran and Russia, North Africa and the Middle East.