Employees of the Department of Religious Studies Faculty of Philosophy concerned with norms of the new law "On education". On the eve of teachers learned that all the tutorials in which there is mention of any religion, should be examined in the appropriate religious organizations. The same law states that teachers themselves theology must be "of the recommended church." Experts fear that the possibility of a free interpretation of provisions of the law could lead to increased influence of religious institutions to secular education.
Employees of the Department of Religious Studies Faculty of Philosophy was notified that soon all the tutorials in which they teach students, will have to be examined in the religious organizations in accordance with the provisions of the new law "On education". Especially learning the basics of the spiritual and moral culture of the peoples of the Russian Federation, as well as features get the theological and religious education prescribed in Article 87 of the new law "On education", approved by Parliament at the end of last year and at the same time signed by the president.
"For the purpose of forming and development of the individual in accordance with the family and social spiritual, moral and socio-cultural values of the basic educational program may be included in those to the requirements of applicable federal state educational standards, subjects, courses, subjects (modules) in order to obtain learner knowledge about the basics of spiritual and moral culture of the peoples of the Russian Federation, the moral principles of the historical and cultural traditions of world religions, "- said in the text of this article.
There is spelled rate, which is about the basic educational programs, as well as college programs in areas of training with theology must necessarily be examined "in a centralized religious organization for compliance with the content of doctrine, historical and cultural traditions of the organization."
When the bill "On Education" discussed the State Duma, the debate on the implementation of the church in the educational process to a greater extent than before, were constantly. Since last year, a must for all Russian students began training course "Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics" (ORKSE). But the deputies of the faction "United Russia" and the Liberal Democratic Party proposed to go further and introduce additional subjects in the school related to the study of Orthodoxy. In the fall, during the discussion of the amendments for the second reading of the bill at the meetings of the Education Committee of the State Duma, representatives of the denominations of the Russian Orthodox Church came there head of the legal service of the Moscow Patriarchate nun Xenia Chernega and head of the Synodal Department of the Moscow Patriarchate Department for Church and Society, Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin.
As a result, the Committee recommended the draft article 87, which legalized the control of religious institutions over the content of secular textbooks. With it, the law will take effect September 1, 2013.
Representatives of faiths represented in the "set", "Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics", Orthodox, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists, and earlier, in agreement with Ministry of Education conduct an examination of textbooks for this subject. With the adoption of the Law "On Education" was enshrined in law, but the credentials of the representatives of religious organizations have spread to every single training materials for schools, and in general the standards of training both in schools and in universities.
"We have so far said they will fall under the expertise of textbooks, university programs, and quite possibly, ministerial standards against which programs are being developed for high schools. In particular, there is a standard in religious studies and philosophy "- said" Gazeta.ru "Associate Professor of Religious Studies and Philosophy of Religion Philosophy Faculty of Moscow State University Vladimir Vinokurov.
Teachers note that the benefits will now be examined in several religious organizations at once. "The new law is required to give textbooks for examination in religious institutions. For example, if there is a section in the book, which says about Islam, we have to give it to the examination Muslims, if the history of the Russian Orthodox Church — Moscow Patriarchate's department, and so on, "- said Associate Professor of Religious Studies and Philosophy of Religion Philosophy Faculty Ivan Davydov.
Teachers are concerned that not all religions in general will make the examination.
"Many things remain unclear. How to conduct a church examination, if the organization simply does not? For example, take Confucianism: where to look for this organization? And there are all dead religion. If it is a religion of ancient Egypt, to whom shall we turn to? "- Wonders Vinokourov.
In addition, teachers fear that religious organizations will relate to the content of textbooks is too biased, "Any administrative resources can be used for good or ill. Secular theologian to write detached, objective, and an organization that is not enough, it needs to be hidden PR — for example, to imagine the history of religion as a constituent. In this situation, it will leverage the specific pressure on the study of history "- said Davydov.
Also, researchers excited situation with another item "religious" of the 87th article of the Law "On education", according to which teachers who teach subjects in theology, should be "of the recommended appropriate centralized religious organization."
"We have not only confessional theology and secular. Which organization will recommend teachers? If the religious, it turns out clearly that they will carry out training confessional "- said Vinokourov.
Nevertheless, MSU hopes that Ministry of Education will develop and publish a clear requirement for the procedure of examination manuals and "approval" of teachers.
The ministry assured that they are already engaged in the preparation of these instructions, but no explanation could not give.
"The projects regulations currently under development. They will be posted on the Ministry of Education website, in the section for discussion of draft laws and regulations designed to implement the Federal Law "On Education in the Russian Federation", — said the press service of the Ministry of Education.
Representatives of religious organizations reported that, in principle, ready for the examination and already know who and how will review books: with university benefits, apparently, will work the same as before with the school.
According to the General Counsel, Department of Religious Education and Catechesis of the Russian Orthodox Church Helena Zaichikov, engages in conducting examinations of all the Orthodox segment will they.
"We have an understanding of how the examination will be conducted educational programs and educational and methodological support for the subject" Principles of religious cultures and secular ethics. " The law states that are engaged in a centralized religious organization, in this case, the Russian Orthodox Church Moscow Patriarchate, which has delegated its authority to the Division of Religious Education and Catechesis of the ROC, — she said. — We have developed programs and standards for the educational component of the Orthodox religious schools. We are in the church the body that examines all the textbooks on high school for two years. We have provisions adopted by the hierarchy, there are a number of other acts that accompany the examination, so that we will continue to operate under the existing mechanism.
The final decision on the application of legal mechanisms will be decided the patriarch. " She noted that in each denomination will also be named the body of a centralized religious organization — or if there is no central, just a religious organization, which will examine the educational programs. "We will assess only for compliance programs, doctrine, that they do not distort the doctrine adequately teach the basics of religious culture, we only have this competence — said Zaichikov. — We do not look neither the program nor the tutorials on the subject of age-appropriate, or psychological and pedagogical criteria. "
She said that in the ROC for about two years of age have the advisory council, who is entrusted with examination, his findings are addressed collectively on the basis of the textbooks are labeled department "encouraged and allowed" or, if not, the grant is left for further work.
Contact the Department of Religious Education and Catechesis as the authors of textbooks, and publishers and the person to whom the authors have transferred the right to ask us for getting this heading.
As regards the recommendation of teachers of theology, then, said the representative of the Russian Orthodox Church, "theologians — is not our competence": "But this rule reflects what has happened in practice: teachers, theologians have usually recommend appropriate denominations." A school teacher recommendation is required, she said.
Muslims believe that the examination will only benefit from the tutorial and will reach a consensus among religious organizations.
"The logic of the 87th article comes from the fact that, in the views and actions of the state and religious organizations should be consistency and consensus. The executive branch can not impose student textbooks or teachers, who does not approve of a centralized religious organization. This is a positive thing. Also in preparation for the introduction of the course "Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics" We have already seen that some textbooks contain gross errors in the presentation of historical facts about Islam and other doctrinal aspects, — the first deputy chairman of the Spiritual Board of Muslims European Russia Damir Mukhetdinov. — In some regions, such as Nizhny Novgorod, our religious organization itself drew attention to it and asked the executive bodies, and our concerns are heard and accepted. There were cases where publishers themselves appealed to the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of European Russia for reviewing. The same goes for working with teachers, in many regions of the regional Ministry of Education on its own initiative seek to offer cooperation to the Muslim religious organizations for education ORKSE and this partnership gives good results. Involving religious organizations for training and methodological support courses also should be no confusing. Our organization, for example, involved in the development of educational and methodical in the plane of their religious institutions that have experience and potential. " According to him, work on the examination of textbooks and "some attestation of teachers" also will perform Islamic Research and Training Center. "I consider myself the promise article is correct, positive. However, in law enforcement, he should not turn into a dictatorship of a religious organization, and the imposition obyazalovke for teachers and students ", — concluded Mukhetdinov.
The official representative of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Russia Anastasia Kudrin said that the organization has had an internal examination of benefits to Judaism, when it is ready for release.
"In addition we made allowance for his teaching and methodological basis of their own understanding of the subject and the general requirements of the Ministry of Education" — said Kudrin. According to her, yet no organization Chabad of expertise did not address. Recommended by teachers will be there to say on the list of the Ministry of Education. "With regard to the proposals from the centralized religious organization, we have the experts — educators, students who are available and correctly apply certain things. Them, we can also recommend, "- she added.
Natalia Ziganshina, Daria Zagvozdina