Scientists have unraveled the mystery of the Tunguska meteorite


Patomsky crater in eastern Siberia Yakuts called "Fire Eagle's Nest." This is one of the most mysterious places on the planet: imagine an ancient Egyptian pyramid, towering over the taiga, or the Roman Coliseum, built in five days' journey from the nearest habitation.

In the middle of a bright green taiga is a dark gray mountain with a flat, as if cut with a knife top. Crater dominates the local landscape and attracts the eye from any point, from which only the visible. Patomsky crater its "construction", according to scientists, it would take at least half a million tons of rock! Discovered in 1949 by geologist Vadim Kolpakov, Patomsky crater is still one of the most mysterious objects in the natural world, a unique natural phenomenon.

Patomsky crater — the traces of an alien spaceship, the place of a meteorite or the birth of a volcano? Why crater called "alive"? How old is this unusual geological phenomenon? What Lies Patomsky crater under the ground? — These questions and more worried scientists for many years.

The exact coordinates of the crater Patomskoye: 59 ° 17'4 .16 "With 116 ° 35'22 .34" W. Tract "Fire Eagle's Nest" was discovered and mapped in 1949.

The first researcher Patomskoye crater Vadim Kolpakov from nomadic Yakuts learned that this place is called "Fire Eagle's Nest." They were assured of a young geologist in the crater area Patomskoye and deer do not like to go, and the people there feel uncomfortable. Atheist and skeptic Kolpakov several years trying to organize a scientific expedition to the crater. But all the geological institutions in Eastern Siberia while actively looking for uranium — the country needs a nuclear bomb. Study on "anomalies Kolpakov," had neither the money nor the people. Patomsky kraterPervaya expedition to the crater took place only in 2005. It managed to take part and journalist "KP" Andrey Moiseenko.

"Seriously can only be viewed in two versions — volcanic and meteorite — says Professor, Head. Laboratory of Regional Geochemistry Institute of Geochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences Sergey Antipin. — But the problem is that no meteoritic material on the crater we have yet to discover, and volcanoes, even ancient extinct, not in the county almost a thousand kilometers — an area considered is not volcanic. But the crater is really "fresh" — rock on the outer annular shaft did not even winded and overgrown with moss. I estimate his age in a hundred — five hundred years. "
Serious scientists do not like to talk publicly about the Tunguska meteorite — too many legends and tales nakrucheno about this story. But here everything is very logical. Let the Tunguska meteorite is believed to have fallen not in the Irkutsk Region and the Krasnoyarsk Territory. But because he was not found! And from the alleged crash site of the crater to Patomskoye in a straight line is only 700 kilometers from the small. For cars, flying at a speed of 70 km / s, it's just extra 10-15 seconds of flight. Maybe Patomsky crater is precisely the Tunguska meteorite crater? By age, too, all the same. State of emergency on the river Tunguska happened in 1908. And it coincides with the estimates of age Patomskoye crater made by geologists. That's not the Tunguska meteorite it?


"Already on the way to the crater I first saw — told the correspondent member of the first expedition of the" KP "- as the leader of the expedition — Irkutsk geologist, a leading researcher at the Institute of Geochemistry SB RAS Evgeniy Vorobiev — grunted and fell to the track. Neither artificial respiration or heart massage (not a straight line, of course) have not helped. When the body was pulled out of the taiga and brought to civilization, an autopsy showed that a massive heart attack. Random absurd death — heart gave a long grueling road? Or "Fire Eagle's Nest" has chosen his next victim? Photos Patomskoye crater caused a furor in the scientific world. Educational versions of anomalies were many: from the secret "Gulag" mines to the spontaneous nuclear explosion of uranium ore in the bowels. The latter hypothesis, by the way, would reinforce the Yakut legends of the "unkind place" — increased radiation background and in fact could ruin around the crater all living things.

But all versions have been speculative. To move from theory to practice, we needed additional data. Therefore, in 2006, organized another expedition. Collect researchers wanting to study taiga anomaly was easy, despite the gloomy legends surrounding the mountain. No one is scared even sudden death of the head of last year's expedition. The structure of the research included landing three people on the scientific regalia and field experience with the right to lead the expedition. Two doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences: Victor Antipin Institute of Geochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences and Alexander Dmitriev, a professor at Irkutsk State Technical University, and a Ph.D. in Physics and Mathematics Sergei Yaz, director of the Astronomical Observatory of Irkutsk.

Patomsky crater explored in subsequent years. On Friday, the presentation of the book "Mystery of the crater Patomskoye" journalist Andrey Moiseenko and director of the Astronomical Observatory of Irkutsk State University, a board member of the Euro-Asian Astronomical Society Sergei Yazeva. The book is written on the basis of three research expeditions in the Trans-Baikal region to Patom crater 2002-2008 period. Scientists and journalists lifted the veil of secrecy over the many mysteries "of the Fire Eagle's Nest."
Egor Parfenov

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