Sun as the highest among the heavenly bodies visible to the astronomers of antiquity, was the highest among the gods and became a symbol of the supreme power of the Creator. From a deep philosophical understanding of forces and principles of the sun came the concept of the Trinity, as it is understood today. The doctrine of the Trinity of the Godhead is not only inherent in Christian theology or of Moses, but it forms a significant part of the dogmas of the great religions of both ancient and modern world. The Persians, Indians, Babylonians and Egyptians had their Trinity. In each case, they were threefold form of one Supreme Intelligence. In modern Masonry deity symbolized the equilateral triangle, three sides of which are the primary manifestations of the eternal, invisible flame, called Jews Iyud. Jacob Boehme, the Teutonic mystic, calls the Trinity three witnesses, whereby the Invisible becomes visible tangible known universe.
The origins of the Trinity is clear to anyone who watches The daily appearance of the sun. This ball, being a symbol of Light, has three distinct phases:
— and sunset.
— and decline.
For the Egyptians, the sun was a symbol of immortality, because dying every night, it rises with every sunrise. But the sun not only makes a daily trip, it is also sent in their annual pilgrimage, during which passes through the twelve celestial houses, staying in every thirty days. In addition to this there is a third path of the sun, which is called the precession of the equinoxes, in which it makes a return path through the twelve signs of the zodiac by one degree for every seventy-two years.
Regarding the passage of the sun once a year through the twelve houses of the heavens, Robert Hewitt Brown, 32 °, makes the following statement:
"The sun, done his way among the" living creatures "of the Zodiac, speaking in the language of allegory, or nature takes the sign, or a sign of triumph. Sun, thus becoming the Bull in Taurus and worshiped in this form under the name of Apis Egyptians, Assyrians — as a Bel. sun in Leo the Lion is the winner, Hercules, in Sagittarius — Archer. in fish is a fish — a fish-god Dagon, the Philistines, or Vishnu, the Hindu. "
Careful analysis of the religious systems of paganism gives a lot of evidence that their priests were solar energy and that their Supreme Deity in each case was the Divine Light in a personalized way. Godfrey Higgins, after thirty years of study of the origins of religious beliefs of the opinion that "all the gods of antiquity, dissolved itself in the solar fire, which appeared sometimes as God himself, sometimes as a logo or Shekinah this higher principle, known as the creative Being or God."
Egyptian priests in many ceremonies wore the skins of a lion, which had been a symbol of the sun globe, as the sun sublime, majestic and best located in the constellation of Leo, which it governs, and which for a time is a basic principle of celestial arc. Again, Hercules is a solar deity, as the mighty hunter accomplishes his twelve labors, and the sun on a journey to the twelve zodiacal houses tape accomplishes twelve important and beneficial to the human race cases, utility and nature in general. Hercules, like the Egyptian priests, is the skin of a lion on the belt. Samson, the Jewish hero, as is evident from its name, is also a solar deity. His fight with the Nubian lion, his battle with the Philistines, representing the forces of darkness, and his feat to Gone With the gates of Gaza — all this belongs to the solar activity. Many ancient peoples had several solar deities, and in fact all the gods and goddesses, at least in part, shared with the radiance of the sun it.
Gold ornaments used by priests in various religions, again, there is a subtle reference to solar energy, the same applies to the king's crown. In ancient times, the tip of the crown dispersed outward, like the sun, and in the present time of the tip or completely removed or folded back, and at their meeting placed the ball or cross. Many of the ancient prophets, philosophers and know were the scepter, the upper end of which ended with the ball, beaming. All the kingdoms of the earth were copies of the kingdom of heaven, which, in turn, is best symbolized by the solar kingdom, where the sun reigns planets form his council, and all the inhabitants of Nature are the subjects of his kingdom.
Many deities were assimilated with the sun. The Greeks believed that Apollo, Bacchus, Dionysus, Sabazis, Hercules, Jason, Ulysses, Zeus, Uranus, and Vulcan share either visible or invisible attributes of the sun. Norwegians thought Balder the Beautiful sun-god, and one often associated with the celestial sphere, especially because of his one eye. The Egyptians Osiris, Ra, Anubis, Hermes, and even the mysterious Ammon are similar to the sun disk, Isis was the mother of the sun, and even Typhon, the Destroyer, and took the form of solar energy. Egyptian solar myth centers around the identity of the mysterious deity called Serapis. Two Central American god Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl, are often associated with the winds, without a doubt is a solar deity.
In Masonry the sun had a lot of character. One of the expressions of solar energy was Solomon, whose name Sol-Om-On is the name of the Supreme Light in three different languages. Hiram Abiff is also a solar deity, and the story of his murder by thugs in the solar interpretation will be described in the "Legend of Hiram." Striking examples of the important role assigned to the sun in the symbols and rituals of Freemasonry, given by George Oliver in his "Dictionary of symbolic Masonry."
"The sun rises in the east, and the east there is a place for the worshipful master. As the sun is the source of light and heat, to the extent and worshipful master animates and warms the brothers in their work. Among the ancient Egyptians the sun was the symbol of divine providence."
The priests of the Mysteries were decorated with emblems of many signs solar power. Gold embroidery on the back of garment Catholic priests means that they are emissaries and representatives of Sol Invictus, the Invincible Sun.
The symbol of the sun on the floor in front of Calvary Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem
Christianity and the Sun
For reasons that are considered by them to be enough, those who led the chronicle of the life and deeds of Jesus, considered wise to turn it into a solar deity. The historical Jesus was forgotten, and almost all notable events described in the four Gospels, are correlated with the movement phase and the influence of celestial bodies.
Among other allegories borrowed by Christianity from pagan antiquity, is the history of the beautiful blue-eyed Sunny God with golden hair falling to her shoulders, dressed in a spotless white robe, carrying in the hands of the Lamb of God, a symbol of the vernal equinox. This gorgeous boy is a combination of Apollo, Osiris, Orpheus, Mithras, Bacchus, because he brings many features akin to each of these pagan gods.
Philosophers of Greece and Egypt divided the life of the sun during the year into four, and so they would be solar Man in four different shapes. At birth, the winter solstice sun god symbolized by a small child who mysteriously eludes Dark forces seeking to destroy it, while he was in the cradle of winter. The sun, being weak at this time, has no golden rays (or head of hair), but the survival of light in the darkness of winter is symbolized by a little thread, which is the only ornament head Heavenly child. (When the sun takes the place of birth of Capricorn, which is often symbolized by feeding his goat.)
To the spring equinox, the sun is transformed into a handsome young man. His golden hair falling to the shoulders of the rings, and its light, as Schiller said, extends to all parts of infinity. During the summer solstice, the sun is strong, bearded man at the peak of its maturity, which symbolizes the power and fertility of nature at this time. In the autumn equinox the sun is depicted an old man, dragging feet and bent back, with a shock of white, the colors of winter oblivion hair. Thus, twelve months are stages of life of the sun. During the year, it is the twelve signs of the zodiac. When autumn comes, it comes, like Samson, to the house of the Virgin (Delilah), where the rays are cut off, and it loses its power. In Masonry cruel winter months are symbolized by three thugs who seek to kill the God of Light and Truth.
Joyously welcomed the arrival of the sun. Sun care is a period of misery and sorrow. This gorgeous radiant day ball, the true light, "which lights every man that cometh into the world", the supreme benefactor, raising all the stuff from the dead, feeding a lot of suffering, a calm in the storm, after reviving dying again and animating all things — is the Supreme Spirit humanity and blessing known to mankind as a baptized Christ, the Redeemer of the worlds of the Father, the Word and the flesh of the Hope of Glory.
Category: Mystery stories