Archaeologists explore recently found in a bog mummy, the prepared ritualistic way. The analysis of the mummified corpse has allowed scientists to learn many details about the king of the Celts.
Celts in Ireland did not take care of the preservation of the integrity of mortal remains of their rulers. They existed other customs. The skull of the deceased, they defer, abdomen was opened and detachable. Such barbaric way the ancients sacrificed their kings.
Celtic chieftain who ruled during the Iron Age tribe, lived in luxury and enjoy abundance. He obviously ate a lot of meat-eating and did not bother to work. The noble Celt there is adequate time to care for your nails. Maybe he was doing manicure specially trained servants. Hair styling and maintaining complex hairstyles he used brought from southern Europe conk. The reign of King was, one might say, to life, but not long. The King did not live until natural death. As soon as the period of his stay in the position of honor, the king killed. Bloody and painful ceremony ended with the corpse of the former ruler is the custom drowned in a swamp.
The mummified remains of the Irish king accidentally found working on peat between cities and Abbilish Portlish. This happened about two and a half thousand years after the death of a noble Celt.
August 10 Jason P. was working at his workplace — the cab huge peat harvester. He carefully observed the work of the car and he noticed the front under grinder unusual object. Immediately stopped working on the miners and left to examine the find. Peat buried beneath his feet and crumpled leather bag. Peat machine operator reported the incident to his supervisor, who immediately dialed the phone curator National Museum of Ireland — a renowned expert on bog mummies Eamon Kelly.
Five centuries before Christ, the Celts came to Ireland and split green island one hundred and fifty countries. Border kingdoms marked on the ground with stones or wooden stakes. Kelly believes that the remains of the kings of the Irish Celts were also a kind of "frontier posts." In Celtic beliefs goddess, personifying the Earth, opposed the sun which is a masculine. King among men was considered representative of the Sun, his temporary earthly incarnation. "The bottom line is that the king was supposed husband of his country. In winter, when all the greens wilt, goddess of the Earth was getting old and senile, she needed a new spouse, to give her young again, strength and beauty. Therefore Celts killed the king and put in its place new. "
Ritual murder of the king, probably did not happen every year. Perhaps the "rejuvenation" of the goddess of the Earth was done at regular intervals. What remained of the former king after the bloody ritual, the Celts were drowned in the marshes near the borders of the state. "Bog mummies lie along the borders of the states, because the remains of the kings interred only in sensitive locations — Celtic manner designated edge of their land," — says archaeologist Kelly. — The remains of kings and burial goddess gave her specific earthly form. "
The curator of the National Museum examined not only recently found bog mummy, but those who have long been kept in the funds. This so-called man of Klonikavana and Man of Old Croghan. The mummified remains of two men also belonged to former rulers of the Celtic nations. One of them, which the researchers familiarly called simply Old Croghan, lived between 362 and 175 BC. It was a real hero of almost two meters tall.
Old Croghan stabbed with a dagger, beheaded and cut the body in two. The mummified body of a retired governor of the traces of torture. Forearm pierced with a sharp instrument in several places, and through-wound flexible shoots stick of hazel, which pulled together the hands of the deceased. On the breast of the mummy gape two deep cut wounds. Immediately after extraction of peat mummy forensics experts examined the state of the service. Initially suspected that the corpse hidden in a swamp victims of so-called terrorists, the Irish Republican Army (IRA).
Death of Old Croghan, the alleged leader of the Celtic, was painful and inevitable — King apparently knew his fate in advance. All the more enjoyable and carefree was his life. With carefully crafted long nails he could not hunt, so he hunted for meat subjects. In the stomach, even bog mummies found the remains of food, but the last meal was relatively modest — porridge with butter. Specialist bog mummies suggests that the last meal Old Croghan wore ritual. According to the Irish archaeologist, Celtic Sun King tasted the fruits of the earth before the sunset.
State Mummy Man of Klonikavana also allows conclusions about his untimely death. When the goddess Earth needed a new spouse, still had a difficult life. Foot lost mummy probably recently — came under heavy cutting mechanism peat machine. And the rest of the body show which died a horrible death of the ancient Celts, who lived between 392 and 201 BC.
Klonikavanskogo human skull fractured with a sharp instrument, perhaps battle ax. Something like him cutting and nose. Stomach ripped open with a sharp knife from the gaping wound removed intestine and other internal organs located in the abdominal cavity.
Man of Klonikavana at death was only twenty years old. Unlike Old Croghan young king did not have high growth and a powerful physique. People from Klonikavana had growth not more than a meter sixty centimeters. He had a bulbous nose, crooked teeth, a sparse beard, and a porous skin and acne, even on the mummy is noticeable.
The most amazing thing in the exterior unpretentious "klonikavantsa" — is his hairstyle. No hair is cut very short, whipped on top, pomaded and stand on his head, as if a kind of "Mohawk." Hairstyle this unusual form of the head is held mummies still due conk consisting of vegetable oil and pine resin.
Analysis of the composition of hair possible to determine that the components imported from southwestern France or Spain. By the way, Old Croghan used the same lipstick for hair. This part supplements the understanding of the ancient Celtic rulers. Celtic kings ruled in remote dwarf states, but they were cut off from the world. They communicated with other people, even living on the other side of Europe.
At Old Croghan and Klonikavanskogo man on the chest wounds were the same — cut off the nipples. These injuries, as stressed by archaeologist Kelly, give an unmistakable confidence that both mummy owned by the former rulers. "In Celtic society was the custom to kiss and suck on her nipples ruler. This gesture expressing humility and obedience, — says Kelly. — When the king deposed from the throne, he cut her nipples. "
New "swamp mummy placed there, where are the other mummies — in refrigerator Irish National Museum. The mummy was subjected to multilateral scrutiny. Pathologists have to find out exactly what the damage was the direct cause of death Celt what body injuries inflicted after death. X-rays, scans using computed tomography and magnetic resonance method will help explore preserved organs and tissues of the body.
Not least in the work of scientists is an analysis of sediment around the mummy. This analysis will help to reconstruct the type of terrain in the death of a Celt. Archaeologists try to specify the date of the death of the Celtic ruler by the radiocarbon method. And the last point in that research is the study of food and cooking habits Celts based food remains in the stomach of the mummy. Eamon Kelly quite sure that "swamp man" not by chance wandered into a quagmire that killed him and then drowned in a swamp. "The damage found on the body of the mummy, indicate that we are dealing here with a human sacrifice," — says Kelly is the first report of an interesting discovery in the peat.
Category: Mystery stories