What is the future of tanks?

When was the collapse of the European socialist bloc countries, NATO appeared outlook is now a major war will not be accurate and may begin to reduce ground weapons. With the collapse of the Russian Union of Western Europe in general have begun to sound proposals for further strong reduction of troops. Say, now the aggressors in general is left, so that armored vehicles, artillery, etc. can be sent to warehouses or in the facility. And the troops to throw a little of what is called, in the seeds.

As a result of these cuts — slowing down work to improve an old technology and the creation of the newest. In political science, in turn, has spread the theory that the main battle tank on today's war is not needed at all. But such voices began to sound quieter after the wars in the Balkans in the 90's. After the NATO operation in Iraq, they were silent in general. Practice once again substantiated: main battle tank has to be sufficient for most operations, weapons and protection, in almost all the appropriate setting.

Another reason not to take away from the army tanks — sluggish local conflicts. Cool war, may be over, but the final world on the planet to come. The confrontation Korea, Greece and Turkey, China and Taiwan, African conflicts, etc. no one has been canceled. The two countries on the Korean Peninsula are purchasing new and upgrading of old tanks, China makes its own design. Even Greece on the brink of global crisis (I hope everyone remembers that at the moment it is created and the economy?) In 2008, all the same, Germany has decided to purchase the tanks Leopard 2A6. "Best Friends" of the Greeks — the Turks, at the moment, along with South Korea doing tank Altay, and are going to adopt it in the coming 5-7 years.

In general, the military did not agree with the uselessness of tanks and confirm their worldview funding. Designers-tank builders, in turn, are working on three main fronts: the development of entirely new medium tank and the heaviest fighting weight, and improvement of existing, but aging tanks in accordance with modern requirements, creating additional sets of equipment to be installed on the tank, to work in certain criteria.

On the first Fri everything is clear. This will be one hundred percent of the new machines, while using the "old" developments. Examples — Turkish-Korean Altay, Russian tank platform "Armata" Japanese "type 10", etc.

The second line in the main is to update the on-board electronics tanks. At this point in tank dominated by the theory that a large part of the effectiveness and survivability of a modern tank armor does not define either gun, but the electronics: navigation and aiming equipment. Accordingly, the installation refreshed systems increases the ability of the tank to the extent that it allows you to do the rest of the "iron". In accordance with the direction of the U.S. at the time of upgrading tanks "Abrams" models M1A1 and M1A2, France is working on improving Leclerc XXI, while China is improving its "Type 99". But the house in this row is programm Ukrainian modernization of the T-64. In 2005, this tank was upgraded to the T-64BM "Bulat": brand new gun, brand new Active Protection System, a series of modern electronics, etc. In the past year, Ukraine has submitted to the same T-64E with the new engine and twin 23-millimeter gun. Ukrainian military engineers and appreciate this tank, but it is unlikely he will be able to show something extraordinary: the initial T-64 came from the 60-ies of the last century. Doubtful even to the idea modernize tank almost fifty years ago. In Russia at the moment is preparing the update utility of the T-72.

Third technique of improving tanks — creating sets of equipment for different tasks. While up to serial production reached kits for just one "different" tasks — for urban combat. This South American system TUSK (Tank Urban Survival Kit — «set for the survival of the tank in the City ") for" Abrams ", the French AZUR (Action en Zone Urbaine -« action in an urban area ") for the" Leclerc "and the German PSO (Peace Support Operation -« peacekeeping operation ") for" Leopard- 2 ". In addition, other countries are simply sets of additional protection.
Why TUSK, AZUR and PSO are marked separately? The fact that this is not just strengthening the reservation. These kits provide a means of impeding the cumulative projectiles, such as grilles and armor with accommodation not only in the frontal projection of the tank, the machine gun turret with a remote control and / or the installation broneschitkami on Heavy hatches, etc. In set TUSK, in the middle of the rest, and includes additional funds direct connection with the infantry.

Let's go back to the creation of entirely new machines. This year the Russian gunsmiths said the work on the track platform "Armata". At its base is created the main battle tank, although we can not rule out the creation of other types of equipment: BMP, self-propelled guns, etc. Curiously, Our homeland is not alone in working on the concept of armored bay. Swedish engineers have been sent to test the first car of the family CV-90, made on one base, and Poland has recently become a platform to carry on exhibitions Anders. In addition, we can not exclude the possibility that the promising South American family of armored vehicles FGC will also have its own base unified, at least chassis.

About the new electronic machines can be said subsequent: the concept of its structure should not be much change. The truth of the equipment, as indicated by the experience of recent wars to enter night-vision equipment, and for the entire crew. The military are often intrigued by a more sophisticated means of communication, they must provide, at a minimum, the interaction of different types of troops on a battlefield. But the wildest dreams of tankers while similar to the reality of the pilots — have a system of communication about the goals and setting the battle in real time, so that all the information shown on the screen in an intuitive form, like on airplanes. Most likely created by currently tanks will not. But for the next generation is already looks completely real detail.

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