It would seem that people have learned the entire Earth, has mastered all the continents and islands. But South America is still a center of historical mysteries, puzzles and great natural springboard UFO. It looks as if the continent was a huge pot of "cooked" mysterious, nothing like a familiar, human history, in which, perhaps, attended Atlanta, aliens and do not know who else.
Giants are hiding in the shadows
Almost everyone has seen the pictures or on TV giant statues of Easter Island, reaching the 25-meter height. But those whom fate buried the Peruvian segment of the Western Cordillera, the Giants seem pathetic pygmies. Carved by unknown and no one knows when the bas-reliefs on the rocks of the mountains is not just imagination: images of people and animals there in hundreds of meters in width and height.
The first news of the fabulous sculptures quantities arrived in Europe from the Spanish conquistadors, who three hundred years ago, made it to the Western Cordillera. But until the XX century in South America, all primarily interested in gold of ancient civilizations, not their culture. Only in the 30s of the last century on the stone giants decided to look Peruvian archaeologist Daniel Rousseau. The first confirmation of the stories of conquistadors found it was a gigantic bas-relief dog, carved into the rock. Although it was heavily damaged by wind erosion, it saps the tens of centuries, the shape of the animal looked through clearly enough, and Rousseau realized that it's not just image of a dog, and a totem of the people no longer exists guanaco.
There, in Chile, Marakaguassi plateau at an altitude of 3800 meters Ruso are 12 artificial reservoirs in which water accumulates from precipitation. Not only from the tanks to disperse an extensive irrigation network (partly it's hidden under the ground), through which water is distributed in the area. Expedition found there traces of three different civilizations. Created this fortress culture guanaco. Later, she took the Incas, after them — the Quechua Indians.
Rousseau, of course, interested in the most ancient monuments of this extraordinary plateau. Object, which is the most conspicuous, was located in the northern part of the plateau high mound. He was decorated with many reliefs. The researcher made a lot of pictures, and when the film showed, in addition to the fact that the shooting, he saw a young man face image. This shot was the key to further sensational discoveries. Photographed from different places and at different sunlight different groups of rocks, he discovered the gigantic image condor, never rises to that height turtles and monkeys, generally unknown in pre-Columbian America, cows, finally encountered so far on the continent outside the zoo elephants lions and camels.
For images of animals followed the opening of sculptures and bas-reliefs of people. Here again, a revelation: a series of human heads in form and proportion equal to the heads of Easter Island — unnaturally sharp chins, deep eye sockets with overhanging brow ridges, the absence of their sockets image of the eye itself. But unlike the "Easter" heads (remember — a maximum of 25 meters) Peruvian giants measured in hundreds of meters.
Rousseau later discovered the giant stone statues in the mountains of other countries in Central and South America, the Pacific Islands, India, Egypt, France, Spain, Greece, and Romania.
Installed and the age of the mysterious sculptures. They were carved sometime between the 20th and the 12th millennium BC. e. And while there is an insoluble question: who and why in such ancient times did this work? Maybe the same unknown that "painted" the famous Nazca, which is discussed further?
Continuing the theme of giant figures and on the plateau and rocky slopes, the subject of giant standing stones, one can not ignore the culture of huge stone heads, arranged in a variety of Mexico and European-like menhirs, which gave sculptural form. I'm talking about the Olmecs. About them have reached us only scraps of information from which scientists are trying to create a clearer picture of the lives of ancient people. No one knows why he disappeared from the stage of history, we know only that Olmec city emptied and culture vanished. Recent archaeological finds — a jade seal and shard with engravings — prove that the Olmec was even written.
Mysterious Olmecs are considered the most ancient civilization in Central America, which initiated all subsequent. The first, and should be, the oldest urban center of the Olmec was a settlement of San Lorenzo in the region of Tabasco. Other Olmec cities were in La Venta, Cerro de la Mezas and Tres Zapotes. San Lorenzo is an elevated height of 50 meters. This hill poured artificial, at least partially. In all likelihood, in San Lorenzo was a bit of a temple complex in which there were religious rituals.
On the ruins of archaeologists is roughly estimated that the city lived only about 1,000 people. In the X century BC. e. Olmec stone city was destroyed. You can only build the puzzle of how and why it happened. Historians consider the version of the invasion of enemies, the revolt of subjects or the voluntary surrender of the enemy.
The Olmecs are now known in the world mainly due to the giant stone heads — expressive testimony of ancient craftsmanship masons. Basalt head 3-meter height weigh up to 40 tons. They are distinctively headgear resembling a helmet. Facial features giant basalt no less remarkable than the caps, helmets. First of all, it is striking difference from the face of heavy Indian faces: thick everted lips, broad noses flattened — exactly the same as for black Africans. More recent American civilization inherited from the Olmec these characteristic features of the exterior.
In addition to the giant heads, the Olmecs left behind high stone stele, stone sarcophagi and altars — in stone processing, they made a lot of skill. In La Venta is one of the oldest in the New World pyramids. The massive and majestic buildings Olmec ritual served as models for the next American civilizations.
Olmec figurines depict fantastical creatures with features of Jaguar and man. Usually these are mythical beasts with open mouth, it seems, the beast issues threatening growl. Some scientists believe that the Olmec jaguar was a sacred animal, which they identify with their ancestors. Others — that they have a direct link with the African cult leopard-shifters, still exist in Africa. Secret society leopradov whose members are believed to be able to turn into animals, ie, they are werewolves still terrorizing some countries of the black continent.
Olmec influence on the world has been very great, and in time it swept the Yucatan peninsula and spread to the south-eastern Mexican lowlands to all parts of Central America. An important theme of Olmec mythology were snakes. We follow American Cultures snakes also had great significance. In the Maya plumed serpent god of wind was Kulkulkan, healing and crafts. The Aztec god Quetzalcoatl was the crafts and calendar.
The Olmecs, the founders of the first civilization in Central America, have disappeared from the face of the earth and left behind unsolved mystery. No one really knows why this civilization ceased to exist, and that it is borrowed from the Olmec culture of the Maya, Aztecs and other peoples. Perhaps the level of development of this ancient civilization was far higher than the level of subsequent crops. And this is also hidden by one of the mysteries of the American continent.
Airfield for aircraft gold
In what is now Peru, where once there was a mighty empire of the Incas, 500 km from the Pacific coast to the high plateau lies the mysterious Nazca Pampa Colorada (Red Desert). On this flat as a table, a plateau in the 30-ies of XX century airmen were found dozens of smooth, like concrete highway sections rocky surface length from a few hundred meters, and so on up to a few kilometers. They are all very reminiscent of the runways of modern airports. It is perfectly shown in the documentary film by Erich von Däniken, "Memories of the Future" (and described in the book of the same name). Between these bands in an area of hundreds of square kilometers — giant drawings familiar birds, animals, interspersed with strange animals, insects, plants … But the most important thing is that both runways and pictures can be seen only from the air!
It was in the early 30's, led a small detachment of American pilots amateur Robert Shippee made tens of thousands of photographs of monuments of pre-Columbian cultures. But under the wing of the plane there are giant drawings of animals: many-iguana, a 120-meter bird, 200-meter-long lizard, giant ape, and many others. It was an incredible sight!
Less than 10 years later, another scientist decided to look at the works of the ancient Peruvians from the aircraft. This was Paul Kosok. Caught in the south, he was in the Pampa de Nazca, where and found a giant art gallery. The dark-red surface plateaus showed through yellowish-white trapezoids, triangles and rectangles, often extending for hundreds and hundreds of meters. Sometimes in the Pampa de Nasca stretched infinitely long strips, converging at certain points and then again diverge. Midst of seeming chaos lines were scattered giant drawings of animals.
When Kosok posted a message on his discovery, which has made dozens of high-quality photos taken from the air, the world did not believe him. Besides, there was the Second World War, and humanity had other worries. The second time they opened the Erich von Daniken in his book "Memories of the Future" (1968), which is in contrast to scientists articles OKSNA avidly read the whole world. In it, he thought about how, not whether the giant lines in Indian country, not knowing the wheel, let alone an airplane runways for astronauts. Are not this "art gallery" with aliens and extraterrestrial civilizations? For nearly a quarter century, some local figures had only one person. This was Maria Reiche, who came to Peru from Germany. Settling in Lima, it was the first I heard from Professor OKSNA about his incredible discovery. This message is so interested in her, that since all his attention is focused on this vast space.
But as soon as the ground, these figures simply are not visible, then the natural question: "Is the ancient inhabitants of the Cordillera, the Incas were able to fly?" It is appropriate to recall the ancient tradition of the Incas, which refers to the "gold ship" that arrived from beyond the stars " They commanded a woman named Oryana. She was destined to become the mother of the earth's race. Oryana bore seventy children on earth, and then returned to the stars. "
Add to this conclusion, the English anthropological journal "Man," which states: "An analysis of muscle tissue preserved Inca mummies showed that the composition of the blood of the Incas very different from the local population. They had found a rare blood type combinations. In our time, such the blood known only 2-3 people in the entire world. "
As for the gold flying ships, some light on this question may shed the so-called golden bird of the Incas, stored in a museum in the capital of Colombia, Bogota. "Columbia gold airplane" — the name given to an elegant 4-inch object used, probably as an amulet or pendant jewelry, and made no later than the middle of I millennium BC. e. Actually, it is by no means unique: all of these things today found 33, and they are found not only in Colombia, but also in Peru, Costa Rica, Venezuela. They look different, but the general principle is the design of the plane with the horizontal and vertical tail fin. The artists gave their products kind of living creatures with eyes, toothed mouth, some covered with serrated appearance of scales. Then, perhaps, is a prototype of a long-extinct animal? However, experts strongly agree with the conclusion of the U.S. biologist A. Sanderson, who first took up the study of these findings: they are not in any way can not be identified with any of the known science of representatives of both fossil and modern fauna of the planet.
"In the golden figure of modern airplane experts saw the aircraft equipment: a) the model of an aerospace plane with hinged cabin
In 1956 he conducted a study of the ancient airplane in a wind tunnel. And it turned out that the golden bird of the Incas best behavior at supersonic speeds, the study of which was then in full swing. Figure was returned to the museum, and delta wings and high vertical tail plane moved into aviakonstruktorskoe's Company "Lockheed", which soon created a supersonic aircraft, the former at that time the best in the world. Few today remember the story. Yet it is a fact: the modern supersonic jets are direct descendants of the Inca gold bird!
As mentioned, the first researcher of images and "strips" Nazca was Paul Kozokov. Together with Professor Mazotti of Peruvian Military Geographical Institute, he hypothesized that the drawings and the Nazca lines — is a giant astronomical calendar. Further researchers puzzles Pampa Colorada, such as Maria Reiche, Lawrence Dawson, Hans Winkel, Zoltan Zelko and others stick version, according to which the Nazca drawings have a ritual in ancient times and used for occult ceremonies, torchlight procession in single file along the outline of an animal ancestor. But who could watch the ceremonies on a deserted plateau? And how can create all these bands and 12,000 lines, 100 coils, 788 drawings, among them — the 4-5-foot spider, 80-foot ape, a 50-meter parrot, and, finally, the 250-meter bird?
And then the pictures took up the famous American astronomer Gerald Hawkins, author of the monograph "The solution to the mystery of Stonehenge" by computer brilliantly proved that the famous Stonehenge, the mysterious cyclopean structure on Salisbury Plain (England), — neither more nor less than an astronomical observatory. Applying the same computer program, Hawkins made sure that was common theory about a giant calendar is not confirmed. However, research and Hawkins gave a positive result, since it is the first to draw attention to the strange feature of the Nazca figures — they were made by a single line, which intersect.
"Hawkins also noted that the line forming the drawings are not interrupted, and also drew attention to the strange extra lines which, being totally alien to the image itself, but coupled with the beginning and end of the loop (grooves), as if connecting to a certain pattern megasystem Nazca. Look closely at the drawings themselves, reminiscent bodywork made one conductor, who can neither cross (short circuit) or break (open circuit).
Category: Mystery and Mysticism