Chinese Proverb /
Anxiety announcements come from China, where in January of last year made the first flight fighter 5th generation Chengdu J-20, designed by Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation. As of February 2012, there are two flying layout similar to the tail number (for privacy). Typically, the flight of the last generation fighter fell on the second day of the visit the South American Defence Secretary Robert Gates to China. January 9, 2011, Pentagon chief told reporters on the plane on the way to Beijing, said that the South American intelligence underestimated the pace of development of the Chinese defense industry.
Now the level of development of the Chinese industry is so large, so you can easily copy any, even the most sverhtehnologichny weapons. In addition, China has experienced a "stage of borrowing" and is currently developing its own development on many fronts. I remember a contract for the purchase of 200 Su-27SK. China then acquired exactly half, and the purchase of other politely refused, in the upcoming building licenses for 100 more modernized "dry" under the name of Shenyang J-11, but is already in-house.
Specialists from China can copy the standard even on photos and technical description of the greedy, says that the highest level of engineering school, and where it is not enough, China is no longer thought lure foreign professionals and newly trained diligently, absorbing the greatest amount of knowledge as … in an old Chinese proverb, "To see better than hearing, improve, than to know."
I do not recognize you in makeup
That at the technical level is a Chinese fighter jet 5th generation? As you might guess, this "dump" technologies from around the world. In the silhouette of the bow, coupled with the canopy, simply guess the F-22. The shape and placement of vozduhopoglotiteley engines gives out relationship with the F-35. Aerodynamic design in nearly all copied from the experimental MiG 1.44 — "Chinese" as Russian project from the 90s, made on a "duck" with a delta wing and a huge amount of deflecting surfaces that provide the highest value of the aerodynamic properties of both subsonic and supersonic regimes.
As for stealth aircraft, apart from the standard "stealth" solutions, such as the "saw-tooth" design elements and internal weapons bays, in Chengdu J-20 design vertical tail fin is made as absolutely rotary fins. In addition to the tangible benefits in the maneuver, it dramatically reduces the ESR aircraft (in part the decision was applied in the development of the Tu-160). But the introduction of ventral crests, on the contrary, only please the enemy's radar, very strange decision for a stealth aircraft.
As the South American F-22 «Raptor», Chengdu J-20 to equip besperepletny canopy, which has a positive impact on lowering ESR fighter. The Chinese have for the first time shown that they are able to create such products, but more as if there is no conviction that the light J-20 will sustain a long supersonic flight regime.
As for the Chinese radar absorbing coatings (I smiled too here), then in general it is not clear whether they own purpose.
Many experts point to a fairly large size of the weapons bay J-20, gives reason to imagine that Chinese fighter of the 5th generation will be almost all of the shock machine. Under a planned armament and aircraft of the future: high-precision weapon PL-21 LRAAM, PL-12D MRAAM, PL-10 SRAAM, guided bombs LS-6 …
But, in spite of trivial gains to Chinese developers face a number of difficult problems. Naiperveyshaya of them is related to the power plant J-20. In the Middle Kingdom, as his time in the Soviet Union, progress in the field of engine falls behind the pace of development of the aviation industry in general. The Chinese ran into a number of intractable issues at first — in the absence of technology and the creation of high-temperature materials alloys. To supply the Chinese aviation industry with modern materials, which provide the desired service life of the components and the highest precision assembly, requires a fundamentally new industries in the field of metallurgy and metalworking. Even despite the fact that direct access to modern family of engines to the AL-31F (installed on the Su-27), China is obliged to purchase the turbine blades in.
For the same reasons, the Chinese have suffered misfortune and copying of another Russian family of engines. Light Fighter FC-1, more recognizable name for the export JF-17 Thunder, to equip our RD-93 — an analogue of the RD-33 engine to be installed in the MiG-29, as over their engine such class WS-13 China failed since the beginning of the 2000s.
From this easy to explain Beijing's enthusiasm for purchasing Russian "products 117S" — 1 motor-generation PAK FA (similar power units installed on the Su-35). Our homeland is not fundamentally against such military-technical cooperation, which has been proven words of Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov during his visit to China in November 2010.
As Russian fighter fifth generation, Chengdu J-20 in the future will be equipped with engines II generation WS-15 with a thrust of up to 18 tons. At the current time, the creation of WS-15, as well as our "product 129", has not gone beyond the boundaries of design drawing boards because to say anything definite about it does not seem likely.
It's hard to find what the engines at the moment are in the real moment on the Chinese 5th generation fighter. The Chinese do not give any comments, but, according to the findings of some professionals, carefully studying the photo plane, certainly one: Chengdu J-20, like the Russian PAK FA, while flying at 4 generation engines. And this is a very important point — until you created a powerful and reliable slider, providing supersonic flight speed besforsazhny, any work on the fighter of the latest generation of designers have fun.
Subsequent systemic problem of the Chinese aviation industry — avionics. Requirements for machines fifth generation in this area are very high and there are suspicions, China is not able to provide real time cvoi Chengdu J-20, a strong information management systems. The most modern Chinese radar — Type "1473", a copy of the Russian radar, "Pearl", has a very mild features. And their own radar with an active phased array (PAR) in the pipeline, which is close to the adoption, in the coming future, China is not visible.
Despite the global leader in the production of computers and consu
mer electronics, China is greatly inferior to the Russian Federation and the United States in the development of avionics. On the other hand, the people well-versed in aviation, not once mentioned that the Celestial Empire in the near future has made great strides in the field of avionics, developing their own fighters to the fourth generation a whole range of on-board electronic systems based on a family of Russian radar N001, which were equipped export Su-27SK and Su-30MKK.
"Stealing someone's mind, but will think"
Generally not quite correct to stigmatize the Chinese for plagiarism. Since copying other people's thoughts begin to many well-known industry giants. In the 60 years the object of ridicule was the Japanese car industry, Copy unbending South American "Ford" and "Chevrolet". But by the 80th Japanese auto industry has taken half of the euro and the South American market, pushing past winners.
During the war, whole sections of the Cool KGB and the CIA were engaged in technical espionage. The scale theft of thoughts reached such proportions that a clear copy of the South American B-29 — the strategic bomber Tu-4 — had a hole in the control panel under the bank with Coke and ashtray (although the Russian pilots were forbidden to smoke in flight). The famous story.
Vorachivayas the Chinese 5th generation fighter, I note that the creative originality of the Chengdu J-20 is the harmony of all decisions taken. Search for "golden mean" — it's so close to the Chinese national identity. This approach probably will allow to obtain high efficiency of the aviation system, but judge it until well in advance. It's entirely possible that this will turn out successful layout of raw machine, but its design is ceychas raises more questions and hesitations than answers.
What does the emergence of the Russian Federation for the Chinese 5th generation fighter? — The news, of course, is not good. In the near future Chinese rival, thanks to lower prices, can oust the PAK FA in the global arms market. About the F-35 I'm not even talking — J-20 on the background looks much more presentable.
Regarding the current situation, speaking of the PAK FA and Chengdu J-20, it is faster to experimental layouts than on combat vehicles of the pre-production with a full set of required tactical and technical characteristics. Almost all depends on the companies working on these machines.
The assets of Russian designers — invaluable technology of creation of modern jet engines (Our homeland — one of the few countries able to independently create such products), whole developments in store for avionics systems, including th one hundred percent ready aircraft radar with phased array type "Beetle" and "Irbis".
Specialists Chengdu Aircraft Company have their own merits. Perfect human resources. Engineers, technicians and workers Celestial any day or do not sit without work, constantly "filling his hand" to copy foreign models or upgrading technology. China has a highly efficient production. In addition, China has easy access to Russian technology. Here the Chinese are exactly follow their own well-known proverb: "To defeat the enemy, do not strive to become stronger than him, and make him weaker than themselves."